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XV. The New Deal 1932 - 1945

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XV. The New Deal 1932 - 1945

1. How do you account for the onset of the Great Depression of the 1930’s? (71)

2. Account for the increased urbanization of Black Americans in the period 1914 to

1945. (72)

3. The depression of the 1890’s delayed reform; the depression of the 1930’s stimulated

it. To what extent and in what ways do you agree or disagree with this

4. The New Deal did not radically alter American business, but conserved and protected

it. Assess the validity of this statement. (73)

5. Despite artificial similarities, the domestic programs of the New Deal constituted a

fundamental departure from those of the Progressive Era. Assess the validity of this

generalization. (74)
6. The history of the U.S. shows that none of the three branches of the federal

government is immune from the temptation to upset the system of checks and

balances established by the Constitution. Assess the validity of this generalization in

regard to BOTH Congress versus the President 1865 – 1868 AND the President

versus the Supreme Court 1935 – 1937. (75)
7. Although often defended and attacked on purely economic grounds, the federal tariff

policies of the U.S. have been more important politically than economically. Assess

the validity of this generalization in regard to TWO tariffs in U.S. history. (75)
8. Major American writers have been indifferent to the social problems of their day.

State whether you agree or disagree with generalization and defend your position

with reference to THREE novelists/ or poets. (75)
9. Most reform legislation since 1900 has been the work of special interests seeking to

advance their own well-being, but the adoption of such legislation has required the

general support of others who were not directly affected but who perceived it to be in

the public interest. Assess the validity of this statement with reference to THREE

examples of reform legislation since 1900. You may draw your examples from

reform at any level of government: national, state or municipal. (79)

10. The New Deal secured the support of labor and agriculture after 1932 as the

Republican party had secured the support of industry and commerce since 1920 –

with special interest programs giving financial aid, legal privileges, and other types of

assistance. Assess the validity of this statement, giving attention to both periods

(1920 –1932 and 1932 – 1940). (81)
11. Despite often brutal clashes between labor and capital in the United States during the

period 1865-1940, collective working-class protest did not constitute a basic attack on

the capitalistic system. Assess the validity of this statement. (82)
12. During the past four decades, historians have consistently have rated Washington,

Lincoln, and FDR as the greatest presidents. Assess the greatness of any TWO of

these, making clear the criteria on which you base your judgement. (85)
13. Reform movements of the twentieth century have shown continunity in their goals

and strategies. Assess the validity of this statement for ONE of the following pairs of

reform movements.

Progressivism and the New Deal

Women’s suffrage and post-Second World War Feminism

The New Deal and the Great Society (86)

14. Why did socialism fail to become a major force in American politics between 1900

and 1940 despite widespread dissatisfaction with the social and economic order and

significant support for radical movements during that time period? (88)
15. Analyze the ways in which the Great Depression altered the American social fabric

in the 1930’s. (96)

16. Identify Three of the following New Deal measures and analyze the ways in which

each of the three attempted to fashion a more stable economy and a more equitable


Agricultural Adjustment Act Wagner National Labor relations Act

Securities and Exchange Commission Social Security Act (93)
17. Although American writers of the 1920’s and 1930’s criticized American society, the

nature of their criticisms differed markedly in the two decades. Assess the validity of

this statement with specific reference to writers in both decades. (90)

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