Human Rights Violations – 2nd Trimester
The trimester will kick off with general human rights violations in the world and the official kickoff will be on December 10 which is United Nations: Human Rights Day. In addition to this event we are hoping to host trips to the Holocaust Museum and the African Burial ground and also a possible trip to Washington D.C. We are also hoping to have speakers come to our school from the United Nations to discuss what the UN is doing for current problems in the world.
Marking Period 1: Dec 3 – Dec 21
Week 1: Dec 3 – Dec 7
Global 3: Enlightenment – Scientific Revolution:
Global 4: Apartheid
US 2: Native Americans – Immigration /
Week 2: Dec 10 – Dec 15
Dec 10: United Nations Human Rights Day
Global 3: American/ French Revolutions and Napoleon
Global 4: Genocide: Rwanda, Armenia, Holocaust, Cambodia
US 2: Reconstruction – Great Depression
Week 3: Dec 17 – Dec 21
Global 3: Nationalism (Human Rights Violations in Latin America)/ Industrial Revolution (Rights violations of workers and the public)
Global 4: Middle East and Collapse of Soviet Union
US 2: World War II
Marking Period 2: Jan 2 – Jan 18
Week 1: Jan 2 – Jan 4
Global 3: Imperialism (Africa - Shaka Zulu, Apartheid)
Global 4: Thematic Essays on Genocide
US 2: Cold War
Week 2: Jan 7 – Jan 11
Global 3: Imperialism (Asia – Gandhi – Opium War – Meiji Restoration)
Global 4: DBQ’s on Human Rights Violations
US 2: Modern Violations
Week 3: Jan 14 - Jan 18
Global 3: Midterm Exams
Global 4: Midterm Exams/ Regents Prep
US 2: Midterm Exams/ Regents
Marking Period 3: Jan 29 – Feb 15
Week 1: Jan 29 – Feb 1
Marking Period 4: Feb 25 – March 15
Week 1: Feb 25 – Mar 1
Global 3: Holocaust
Global 4: writing human rights projects
US 2: writing human rights projects
Week 2: Mar 4 – Mar 8
Global 3: Human Rights Violations Post WWII (Nuremburg, Nanjing, etc).
Global 4: editing human rights projects
US 2: editing human rights projects
Week 3: Mar 11 – Mar 15
Global 3: Final Exam
Global 4: presenting human rights projects
US 2: presenting human rights projects
Our units goal is to highlight and evaluate the effectiveness and strategies of both the human rights violators as well as the resisters.
Common Core Connection:
To become a global citizen, scholars must have opportunities to reflect on previous human rights violations in the world and the ability to debate the role that citizens placed in organizing the violation or resisting. They must be able to recognize the signals of trends leading toward genocide or extreme nationalism that might lead to widespread destruction of human rights. Scholars will be studying seminal human rights violations documents and to analyze implications and draw conclusions for the future.
Ideas for different content areas:
English –Colonialism/Post-Colonialism/Banned Books (censorship)
Math-Statistical Data: Race/Gender/Location/Class
Science-Hiroshima/Nagasaki/Nuclear Debate/Cloning/Test-Tube Children
Social Studies-WWII/Slavery/Genocides (Sarajevo/Gaza/Apartheid/Native Americans)
Arts-Crackdowns on Creativity
Global History: Human Rights Thematic Essay:
Regents Prep Human Rights Violation Vocabulary:
African National Congress A group formed in protest of the policy of Apartheid in South Africa. It was eventually outlawed due to their violent tactics, and Nelson Mandela, one of its leaders, was imprisoned for over thirty years.
Amritsar Massacre April 3rd of 1919. British soldiers killed close to 400 unarmed Indian men, women, and children, and wounded 1,100 more. People had gathered in the center of town to protest British occupation of their country, and to demand equality. This was a turning point in British domination of India. Independence movements became very popular and eventually forced India's independence.
apartheid A political policy in South Africa where black South Africans could only live in certain areas, were required to use separate trains, beaches, restaurants, and schools, and could not enter into an interracial marriage.
Caste System A rigid social class system in Hinduism.
city-state An independent state consisting of a city and its surrounding lands.
civil war A war between groups of people in the same country, culture, or political system.
concentration camp A prison camp used to hold Jews during World War II and the Holocaust.
cremation The burning of a dead body until it turns to ash.
Creoles In colonial Latin America, American born Spanish gentry, They owned most of the land but were treated like second class citizens, and were denied political rights.
culture The shared beliefs, customs, practices, and social behavior of a particular nation or people
de Klerk, F. W. (1936 - ) The white South African president who ended Apartheid in the early 1990s.
developing nations Nations that are economically and technologically less developed than industrialized nations.
economic rights Rights such as owning property, or the choice to be employed.
ethnic cleansing The removal of people of a specific ethnic group by means of genocide, terror, or forced expulsion.
ethnic group A group of people that shares distinctive cultural traits.
European Community/European Union Economic union between countries in Europe for mutual gain. Originally formed in 1951 as the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), it later became the European Community in 1967, then the European Union in 1991.
export The sending of goods to another country for sale or trade.
extermination The complete destruction of a group of people.
factory A central location where goods are manufactured on a large scale.
famine Widespread hunger caused by the near complete lack of food.
genocide The killing of all the people from a ethnic group, religious group, or people from a specific nation.
gentry Members of the upper class in some social class systems.
ghetto Term given to poor areas of town where Jews were sent during World War II.
government a person or body of people who have the power to make and enforce laws for a country or area.
Hinduism A polytheistic religion that was formed from a variety of different religious practices. In Hinduism, salvation is achieved through a spiritual oneness of the soul, atman, with the ultimate reality of the universe, Brahma. To achieve this goal, the soul must obtain moksha, or liberation from the samsara, the endless cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. As a result of these basic teachings, Hindus believe in reincarnation, which is influenced by karma (material actions resulting from the consequences of previous actions), and dharma (fulfilling one's duty in life). Because all forms of animal life possess souls, Hindus believe in ahimsa, or that all life is sacred. and should not be harmed. In fact, one animal which Hindus consider to be extremely sacred is the cow. The peaceful and contented existence of cows is considered virtuous by Hindus and would represent a rewarding reincarnation for a soul. For this reason, most Hindus are vegetarians so that they do not harm other living beings. The belief in reincarnation, karma, and dharma also provides the religious justification for the existence of the rigid social structure known as the Caste System.
Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945) Austrian-born leader of Germany. He co-founded the Nazi Party in Germany, and gained control of the country as chancellor in 1933. Hitler started World War II with the invasion of Poland. He was responsible for the Holocaust.
Holocaust The attempted genocide of European Jews, Gypsies, mentally retarded, homosexuals, and others by Nazi Germany during the Second World War.
human rights The rights that are considered by most societies to belong automatically to all people, including the rights to justice, freedom, and equality.
Imperialism The complete control of a weaker nation’s social, economic, and political life by a stronger nation.
Indian National Congress Nationalistic organization in India with the purpose of ending British control. Prominent members include Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.
Industrial Revolution In the second half of the 19th century, it was the fundamental change in the way goods were produced through the use of machines, capital, and the centralization of work forces in factories. It completely altered the social, economic, and political structure of most of Europe, Japan, and the United States.
inherit To gain something when someone dies, such as property or money.
interracial marriage The marriage of two people from different ethnic backgrounds.
Irish Potato Famine A famine in 1845 when the main crop of Ireland, potatoes, was destroyed by disease. Irish farmers grew other food items, such as wheat and oats, but Great Britain required them to export those items to them, leaving nothing for the Irish to live on. As a result, over 1 million Irish died of starvation or disease, while millions of others migrated to the United States.
Irish Republican Army (IRA) A terrorist organization based in Ireland which seeks to remove the British government from the Six Northern Counties which they control.
Khmer Rouge A group of communist guerillas in Cambodia during the late 20th century, led by Pol Pot, that gained control of Cambodia after the withdrawal of American troops from the Vietnam War. The initiated a reign of terror, killing over a million people to remove all western influence from the country. This gross violation of human rights ended when Vietnam invaded and occupied the country in 1979. In the 1990s, the United Nations negotiated a peace settlement, and began the democratic process in Cambodia.
Latin America The Geopolitical designation for Central and South America and the Caribbean Islands which were settled by the Spanish.
Mandela, Nelson (1918 - )A black South African leader who protested the policy of Apartheid and spent over thirty years in prison before becoming the first black president of South Africa.
massacre The killing of large numbers of people
Mestizos In colonial Latin America, Spanish/Native America who were denied basic political, economic, and social rights due to their mixed heritage.
Middle Ages Time period in European history between the fall of Rome in 476 C.E. and the beginning of the Italian Renaissance in the early 15th century.
middle class Social and economic class usually composed of merchants, artisans, and business people. In some societies, the richest class, but without a title of nobility. The middle class is usually the backbone of society as they are generally more moderate in their economic, social, and political habits.
migration The mass movement of people from one area to another.
Milosevic, Slobodan (1941- ) Former Yugoslavian President. He fought to keep non-Serbs from breaking away from Yugoslavia. During the 1990s, he used his army to terrorize ethnic Albanians in Kosovo, who were asking for self rule. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) finally put a stop to this violence, and Milosevic has since been arrested and awaits trial for war crimes.
minority A small group of people from a larger group.
mulattoes In colonial Latin America, Spanish/African who were denied basic political, economic, and social rights due to their mixed heritage.
Native Americans & Slaves In colonial Latin America, lowest social class. They had no rights and were often treated poorly and used as a labor source by the plantation owning Creoles.
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization, an international defense alliance between the United States, Great Britain, and others formed in 1949 as a response to the spread of communism.
natural rights Concept of John Locke’s that states all people have the right to life, liberty, and property.
Nazi Name of German National Socialist Party, which gained control of Germany in 1933 under the leadership of Adolf Hitler.
New Economic Policy An economic policy of Vladimir Lenin’s in the Soviet Union where government controlled most banks and industry, but did allow some private ownership.
nuclear weapons Weapons in which the explosive potential is controlled by nuclear fission or fusion.
occupation (military) The control of one country by another through the stationing of military troops and military government.
Orthodox Christianity A branch of Christianity developed in the Byzantine Empire, after its split from the Roman Empire. It spread throughout the eastern Mediterranean and Russia.
Peninsulares In colonial Latin America, Spanish official sent to govern Latin American colonies. They controlled government completely.
persecutionTreating a person, or a group of people unfairly or cruelly due to ethnic background, gender, or other difference.
Pol Pot (1925-1998) Leader of Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. Pol Pot is responsible for the deaths of almost 2 million of his own people due to starvation, execution, and beatings.
political rights Rights such as voting, and the ability to hold public office.
property Something of value that is owned by a person.
Protestant Member of Christian relgious sect which formed during the Protestant Reformation. Protestants reject the authority of the Roman Catholic Church.
raw materials Various materials found in nature used in manufacturing such as wood, coal, and oil.
religion A person's beliefs concerning the existence and worship of a god or gods, and divine involvement in the universe and human life.
rigid social class system A social class system where there is no mobility. A person remains in the same class their entire life.
Roman Catholic A branch of Christianity based in Rome. The original Christian church.
russification A policy in Russia to make all of the peoples under their control conform to Russian culture and language. It was used in both the Russian Empire and later, in the Soviet Union.
self-determination Refers to a number of distinct human rights. These include the right to equality under the law, the right to a nationality, the right to freely leave and return to a person's country of origin, the right to freedom from persecution because of race, religion, or gender, and a host of others.
serfs Farmers who were tied to the land during European feudalism. They were not slaves because they could not be bought or sold, but they could not readily leave the manor either. Serfs were given land to farm in exchange for service to their lord. This service usually involved working the lord's fields, maintaining roads and the manor, and providing military service in times of war. Serfs paid taxes to their lord in the form of crops. This is also how the paid the fee to use the manor's mill or other services.
social class A group of people within a society who share the same social, political, and economic status.
social rights Rights such as freedom of expression, education
Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.) Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) Formed in 1922 from most of the former Russian Empire. The Soviet Union was controlled by the Communist Party headquarter in Moscow, Russia. The Soviet Union was a world superpower along with the United States, and was one of the two major antagonist during the Cold War.
starvation The process of dying due to lack of food.
subservient To serve under another person. Unequal.
suffrage The right to vote in elections.
terrorism The use of violence for political purpose.
totalitarian state A state or country completely controlled by a single power, such as a monarch or dictator.
tribalism Feelings of loyalty to individual tribes, and the cause of much war and strife in modern Africa.
United Nations An international body composed of many countries that seeks to promote peace, prosperity, and cooperation around the world. It was formed in 1945 at the end of World War II.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights A document published by the United Nations in 1948 stating that all people had certain basic rights including life, liberty, equality, justice and self determination. Source Document:UniversalDeclarationofHumanRights
Untouchables Members of Hindu society thought to have been removed from the Caste System, with no hope of returning to it, due to their misdeeds in previous lives. Work that is deemed unclean for all other Hindus is reserved for these Outcasts. After winning its independence from Great Britain in 1947, India adopted a national constitution which stated that "Untouchability is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden." Since that time many Caste reforms have been enacted to diminish discriminatory practices in India. Today, the Caste System still exists in practice, despite the many laws designed to legally abolish it.
violence The use of force to injure someone or to damage something.
The act of choosing something or someone.
World War I (1914 – 1918) European war in which an alliance including Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and the United States defeated the alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Bulgaria.
World War II (1939 – 1945) A war fought in Europe, Africa and Asia between the Allied Powers of Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States against the Axis Powers of Germany, Italy, and Japan.