Howto do umrah UmraTo simply circuit the Ka’ba and perform the seven circuits between Safa and Marwah is called Umra. There is no fixed time for Umra and it can be performed at any time during the year except between the 9th and the 13th of Dul-Hajj



Download 1.25 Mb.
Page1/3
Date27.05.2021
Size1.25 Mb.
  1   2   3


Howto do umrah

UmraTo simply circuit the Ka’ba and perform the seven circuits between Safa and Marwah is called Umra. There is no fixed time for Umra and it can be performed at any time during the year except between the 9th and the 13th of Dul-Hajj (these days are only reserved for the full pilgrimage or Hajj). Entering into the state of Ihram and removal of Ihram is carried out in the same manner as for the full pilgrimage



Departure from Home:

A Muslim must be mindful of his/her duties towards family and fellow human beings. A Muslim who intends to perform Hajj must make sure, before departing for Hajj that his family is provided for during the period he is away for the Hajj. He should pay up his debt and seek forgiveness from fellow human being whom he might have caused harm in the past. He should be diligent in observing Salat (five daily prayers) and Sawm (fasting) in the month of Ramadhan as well as carrying out other religious obligations. He must shun all arrogance and exhibit a character of modesty and humbleness. He must not use unlawfully acquired money or unlawful means to perform Hajj. He should seek sincere repentance from Allah of all his past sins. In short, one should depart for Hajj just like one would wish to depart from this world.

One should spend some money in charity as well. A woman is not allowed to perform Hajj alone and must be accompanied by an adult Muslim Mahram (father, husband, son or brother etc.)

One should say two RakatNafl (supererogatory) prayers before leaving home for Umrah.( if you Already in IHRAM)

One should say two RakatNafl (supererogatory) prayers for Ihram Also.

Preparing for Ihram

•To perform Ghusl (shower) is Sunnah

•Trim your finger and toe nails if needed

•Shave under your arms if needed

•Shave your pubic hair if needed

•Trim the moustache (leave the beard as it is)

•Apply perfume to your head and beard (men only), and not to the garments.

How to Enter into a State of Ihram.

•Men wear the lower part by wrapping it around their waist

•The top part is thrown over, covering both shoulders; the right shoulder is only open during Tawaf

•It is acceptable to wear a money belt to assist in “keeping up” the lower part

•A safety pin is also very useful to keep the top part from falling off or constantly opening up

•There are no special clothing requirements for women in Ihram; other than, not covering the face and hands while in Ihram

•It is acceptable to adopt the Ihram clothes prior to reaching the Meqaat

•The intention to begin Hajj and Umrah is to be made aloud by saying:

What you can do in a state of Ihram

•Wearing a wristwatch, eyeglasses, money belt, rings, sunglasses, hearing or speech aid, etc

•bath or shower with unscented soap and to wash and gently scratch one's head and body, even if hair may fall out

•Changing one’s Ihraam garments, removing the Ihraam clothes does not nullify the state of Ihraam

•Having a shelter over one’s head, whether in a car, under an umbrella, or in a tent or building

•Covering feet (but not their head) while sleeping, with their Ihraam or a blanket

Only after uttering the niyah does one become a muhrim and thus the following prohibitions apply.

Men Must Not:

•Wear clothes that are tailored to fit parts of the human body, e.g. trousers, jackets, etc

•Wear any sandal or shoe that covers the ankle

•Wear any underwear or headgear

Women Must Not:

•Though women can wear normal clothes, they must NOT wear gloves or a face cover that has openings for their eyes, although they can fully cover their faces and hands in the presence of men who are not their mahram

Both Men and Women Must Not:

•Apply perfume, wear perfumed clothes, nor use any perfumed substances

•Trim his/her nails

•Cut his/her hair

•Neither marry, give anyone else in marriage, nor propose marriage

•Perform any act likely to arouse sexual passion or indulge in any intimate marital relations

•Hunt or participate in hunting

•Commit an act of disobedience to Allah, such as smoking

•Get involved in idle talk or disputes, i.e. fights, arguments and quarrels.

General Etiquette while in Ihram

•Avoid walking around with only the bottom part of your Ihraam.or

•Men should recite the Talbiyah loudly, a woman raises her voice only to the extent of being heard by the person next to her; the Talbiyah is made by saying:

•Keep your right shoulder covered (except during Tawaf)

•Avoid throwing the ‘lose’ end of your Ihraam over your shoulder, as you may ‘hit’ the person behind you in the face

•Keep your Ihraam clean and do not use it as a cloth to wipe your hands

•Take extra care as to how you sit, especially on stairs, to avoid exposing yourself. As it is unusual for you to be without underwear, you can easily expose your private parts. This is very common while sitting on the stairsinside the mosque

One should say two RakatNafl (supererogatory) prayers before leaving home for Hajj.

Talbiyah

After putting on the Ihram, men and women offer two Raka’ts of Nafl (supererogatory) prayers followed by recitation of their “intention” and saying the following words:“LabbaikAllahummaLabbaik; La Shareeka-lakaLabbaik; Innalhamda wan-na’mata-lakawal-mulkaLashreeka-laka


Translation:لبيك اللهم لبيك . لبيك لا شريك لك لبيك . إن الحمد والنعمة لك والملك . لا شريك لك
“Here I am, O Allah! Here I am in Thy August presence; there is no associate with Thee, here am I; surely all praise is Thine and all favors are Thine and the kingdom is Thine, there is no associate with Thee.”

These words are recited in Arabic and called “Talbiyah”. These words are an essential part of the state of Ihram and Ihram will not complete without reciting these words. After saying Talbiyah pilgrim is ready to fulfill his obligation of Hajj and is required to fulfill all the conditions laid down for Hajj. While one is in the state of Ihram it is strictly forbidden to engage in foul talk, sexual conduct, arguments, or enter into a war. Allah says in the Holy Quran: “ …so whoever determines to perform the Pilgrimage in these months, should remember that there is to be no foul talk, nor any transgression, nor any quarreling during Pilgrimage. …” (2:198)

Entering Masjid-el-Haram

After reaching Mecca, one should head straight to Ka’aba that is situated in bounds of Masjid-el-Haram and perform Tawaaf. It is said that when one has his/her first glance at Ka’aba, whatever prayers one makes is granted.

Istlam

(Kissing the Hajr-e-Aswad)

The act of kissing the Hajr-e-Aswad is called Istlam. While kissing the Hajr-e-Aswad, ones hands should be on the wall of the Ka’ba in the same position as when one performs a Sajdah (prostration) during a prayer. If it is not possible to kiss the Hajr-e-Aswad, it is permissible just touch it with a hand and if that is not possible the just point to the Hajr-e-Aswad and blow a kiss to it.

Tawaaf (Circling of ka’ba)

After performing Istlam (kissing the Hajr-e-Aswad) as described above, a pilgrim should perform Tawaaf of Ka’ba. Tawaaf is performed by going around Ka’ba seven times keeping the Ka’ba on left hand side (counter clock-wise). Istlam should be performed during each circle. It is also permitted to perform Istlam of Rukun-e-Yemeni (Pillar of Yemen). The seventh circle ends at the Hajr-e-Aswad.

Nawafal at Muqam-e-Ibrahim



► ► ►

After completing the Tawaaf, the pilgrim should move to the Muqam-e-Ibrahim (Place of Ibrahim. At this place one should offer two Rakats of prayer while facing Ka’ba.



Sa’ee (Running between Safa’ and Marwah)

► ► ►

Allah the Exalted has said the Holy Quran:

“Surely, Al-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the Signs of Allah. It is, therefore, no sin for him who is on pilgrimage to the House, or performs Umra, to go round the two. And whoso does good beyond what is obligatory, surely then, Allah is Appreciating, All-Knowing.” (2:159)

After praying two Rakats of prayer at Muqam-e-Ibrahim, the pilgrim then moves to “Safa”. At this place, he should face towards Ka’ba and recite Durood, Takbir and Talbiyah. The he should walk briskly towards Marwah and recite the same at Marwah. This counts as one circuit. Now one should move to Safa’ and repeat the prayers. One should complete seven circuits between Safa’ and Marwah. These circuits are called Sa’ee.






Share with your friends:
  1   2   3




The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2020
send message

    Main page