Colonies involved: - Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Connecticut
Geographical Conditions: - Winters are longer and colder than other Colonies
- Soil not suitable for large farming but good for timber
- Little level land for farming
- Good harbors for trade and shipping
- Good fishing along the coast
Resources: Fishing and whaling
Shipbuilding and trade skill
Colonies cannot sell raw materials to anyone except the mother country
The colony obeys the political rules of the mother country and is ruled by their King
The colony receives protection from the mother country
What is the economic relationship between the colony and the mother country?
What is the political relationship between the colony and the mother country?
Who do you think benefits more from the relationship between the colony and mother country? Why?
Document #3 -- The Policy of Salutary Neglect
Excerpt from Prime Minister Robert Walpole’s speech to Parliament, “Let sleeping dogs lie…If no restrictions were placed on the colonies, they would flourish."
Walpole was right…while the colonies had to obey the rule of mercantilism, which England outlined in The Navigation Acts (1651), Walpole and the English navy did not strictly enforce these acts and developed a policy of Salutary Neglect (meaning good ignoring) . They believed that England would benefit from the wealth (and therefore more trade anyway) of the colonies anyway. What resulted was not only the colonies growing richer, but it also gave them a sense of independence.
What was the policy of Salutary Neglect?
Why did Minister Robert Walpole encourage (support) this policy?