How does geography shape society? Who does mercantilism benefit more?



Download 18.08 Kb.
Date13.05.2016
Size18.08 Kb.
John Kivney Sample Lesson
Aim #2: What affects relationships between people and nations?

Topic: The American Colonies and England
Discussion Questions:

  • How does geography shape society?

  • Who does mercantilism benefit more?

  • Is the relationship between England and her American Colonies a healthy relationship? Why/why not?

  • Could conflict have been avoided between the colonies and England – why/why not?


Keywords: colony, mother country, mercantilism, Navigation Acts salutary neglect
Motivation: Create a word web of all of the things that can affect a relationship between a parent and children.

  • What are all of the things that affect a relationship between a parent and children?

  • What do you think our aim is?

  • What will we need to know to answer the aim?

Procedure #1: Read document #1 and answer the questions. – do as a class with doc and SB



  • Why are the colonies different?

  • What is the main industry of each colony?

  1. The 13 American Colonies

    1. New England Colonies, Middle Colonies, Southern Colonies

      1. ##Industry based on geography

        1. New England – shipping and fishing

        2. Middle Colonies – Iron and trading

        3. Southern Colonies – Plantations – cash crops (tobacco and cotton)

  • How does geography shape society?

  • Based on this document, do you think the colonies will be able to work together? Why/why not?


Procedure #2 – Read Document #2 – Mercantilism and answer the questions – do as a class with docs and SB

  • How does mercantilism work?

    1. Ruled by England

      1. ##Policy of Mercantilism – Mother Country (England) has political and economic control of its colonies (13 colonies) and controls the colonies trade to get rich.

      • How do the colonies benefit from mercantilism?

      • How do you think the relationship between the colonies and the mother country is affected by this relationship?



Procedure #3 – Read Document #3 – Salutary Neglect and answer the questions

  • What document enforced the English policy of Mercantilism?



        1. ##Navigation Acts – British Parliamentary (British Congress) Act that enforces Mercantilism Rules on the colonies




  • What was the policy of Salutary Neglect?




        1. ##Policy of Salutary Neglect – Policy of England to not strictly enforce the Navigation Acts on the Colonists




  • Why do you think that England did not strictly enforce the Navigation Acts?

  • Why don’t parents always enforce rules on you?

  • Do you think this will work? Does it work with your parents

          1. – Done to allow the Colonies to get richer.




  • What are the long term effects of this policy?




          1. – Leads to colonies getting richer bust also more independent.


  • Is the relationship between England and her American Colonies a healthy relationship? Why/why not?

  • What problems exist?

  • What future problems do you see happening?

  • What can be done to reduce tension?



Handout:

Aim #2:

Topic: The American Colonies, late 1600’s – mid-1700’s

Document #1 – The Thirteen Colonies

the image “http://www.law.indiana.edu/outreach/oll/13coloniesbw.gif” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.


NEW ENGLANDNORTHERN COLONIES

Colonies involved:
  - Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Connecticut

Geographical Conditions:
- Winters are longer and colder than other Colonies
- Soil not suitable for large farming but good for timber
- Little level land for farming
- Good harbors for trade and shipping
 - Good fishing along the coast

Resources:
  Fishing and whaling
Shipbuilding and trade skill
MIDDLE COLONIES

Colonies involved  - New York,New Jersey, Pennsylvania , Delaware , Maryland

Geographical Conditions:
  Average soil for farming
  Average length of time for growing season
 

Two large seaports:  New York and Philadelphia


  Average manufacturing and commerce

Resources:
  Cattle
Grains

Iron

 

SOUTHERN COLONIES

Colonies involved:
  Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia

Geographical Conditions:
  Good growing soil
  Longer growing season
  Wide plains for farming

Good river systems for transportation



Resources:
- Tobacco, Cotton, Indigo
 


  1. What were the differences between the 13 colonies?



  1. How did geography contribute to these differences?



  1. Which Colonies do you think were the wealthiest? Why? Poorest? Why?

Document #2 – The System of Mercantilism and its Rules


Rules of Mercantilism

  1. The Mother Country controls all trade

  2. Colonies cannot trade and buy manufactured products with anyone else except the mother country

  3. Colonies cannot sell raw materials to anyone except the mother country

  4. The colony obeys the political rules of the mother country and is ruled by their King

  5. The colony receives protection from the mother country



  1. What is the economic relationship between the colony and the mother country?



  1. What is the political relationship between the colony and the mother country?



  1. Who do you think benefits more from the relationship between the colony and mother country? Why?


Document #3 -- The Policy of Salutary Neglect

Excerpt from Prime Minister Robert Walpole’s speech to Parliament, “Let sleeping dogs lie…If no restrictions were placed on the colonies, they would flourish."



Walpole was right…while the colonies had to obey the rule of mercantilism, which England outlined in The Navigation Acts (1651), Walpole and the English navy did not strictly enforce these acts and developed a policy of Salutary Neglect (meaning good ignoring) . They believed that England would benefit from the wealth (and therefore more trade anyway) of the colonies anyway. What resulted was not only the colonies growing richer, but it also gave them a sense of independence.


  1. What was the policy of Salutary Neglect?



  1. Why did Minister Robert Walpole encourage (support) this policy?



  1. What were the long term effects of this policy?



Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2020
send message

    Main page