How did the end of Reconstruction affect the South socially, politically, and economically?



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Benchmark Study Guide

Unit 1:


  • How did the end of Reconstruction affect the South socially, politically, and economically?

  • How did the pressure of westward expansion impact Native Americans?

  • What economic and social factors changed the West after the Civil War?

  • What led to the rise of the Populist movement and what effect did it have?

Unit 2:


  • How did urbanization and the rise of the middle class impact the economic and cultural development of cities in the 19th century?

  • How did industrial leaders’ desire for power and money impact political, economic, and cultural progress of the U.S.?

  • How did laborers respond to the tactics of industrialists and working conditions during the late 19th and early 20th centuries?

  • How did Progressive Presidents work to reform business in an effort to protect workers and consumers?

  • How did the Progressive movement change society, politics, and the economy?

Unit 3:


  • What factors led to American imperialism?

  • What was the foreign impact of the increased global presence of the US?

  • How did the Progressive Presidents respond to the United States role as an imperial power?

  • How did the rejection of President Wilson’s 14 Points and the Treaty of Versailles affect US foreign policy?

  • Why did the US shift its foreign policy of neutrality to join the Allied Powers in WWI and how did the US respond?

  • Why were there economic and social problems in the US after WWI?

Benchmark #2 Study Guide

Chapter 16:



  1. How did the booming economy of the 1920s lead to changes in American life?

  2. How did domestic and foreign policy change direction under Harding and Coolidge?

  3. How did Americans differ on major social and cultural issues?

  4. How did the new mass culture reflect technological and social change?

  5. How did African Americans express a new sense of hope and pride?

Chapter 17:

  1. How did the prosperity of the 1920s give way to the Great Depression?

  2. How did the Great Depression affect the lives of urban and rural Americans?

  3. Why did Herbert Hoover’s policies fail to solve the country’s economic crisis?

Chapter 18:

  1. How did the New Deal attempt to address the problems of the depression?

  2. What major issues did the Second New Deal address?

  3. How did the New Deal change the social, economic, and policies landscape of the US for future generations?

  4. How did the men and women of the depression find relief from their hardships in the popular culture?

Chapter 19:

  1. Why did the totalitarian states rise after WWI, and what did they do?

  2. How did Americans react to events in Europe and Asia in the early years of WWII?

  3. How did the US react to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor?

Chapter 20:

  1. How did the Allies turn the tide against the Axis?

  2. How did the war change America at home?

  3. How did the Allies defeat the Axis powers?

  4. How did the Holocaust develop and what were its results?

  5. What were the major immediate and long-term effects of WWII?

Chapter 21:

  1. How did US leaders respond to the threat of Soviet expansion in Europe?

  2. How did President Truman use the power of the presidency to limit the spread of communism in East Asia?

  3. What methods did the US use in its global struggle against the Soviet Union?

  4. How did fear of domestic communism affect American society during the Cold War?

Chapter 22:

  1. How did the nation experience recovery and economic prosperity after WWII?

  2. What social and economic factors changed American life during the 1950s?

  3. How did popular culture and family life change during the 1950s?

  4. Why were some groups of Americans dissatisfied with conditions in post-war America?

Final Guide

Unit 7—Chapters 23. 24, 25, 26, and 27



  1. What were the causes, main events, and effects of the civil rights movement?

  2. How did the policies of Presidents Kennedy and Johnson affect the nation?

  3. How did the US confront communism in East Asia after the Korean War?

  4. How did the counterculture and the expanding rights revolution of the 1960s and 1970s influence American society?

  5. What caused Americans to suffer a crisis of confidence during the 1970s?

Unit 8—Chapters 28 and 29

  1. What was the conservative resurgence and how did it affect the domestic and foreign policy of the US?

  2. What political, social, technological, and economic trends have shaped American life since 1990?

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