Household goods.] In India: a house-steward; a native male servant (usually a Mohammedan), the head of the kitchen and pantry department



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KHARAJ.

household goods.] In India: A house-steward;
a native male servant (usually a Mohammedan),
the head of the kitchen and pantry department.

< 1645 Howkll Let:, i. xxviii. (1703) $}, 1 met with Camillo
your Cousaornian here lately. 1759 in R. O. Cambridge
War in India (1761) 3,11 Order, tinder the Chan Sumaun,
or Steward seal. Ibid, 2\2 Caun Samaun, or Steward to
his Majesty. 1776 Trial Joseph F*m*ke 6/1, 1 put the
at zee under the care of the ConMimma. 1788 Gi.auwin Ir.
Mem Kh. Abdulkurreem 56 [He] asked the Khansaman,
what quantity was remaining of the clothes. 1813-14 Mrs.
Shekwood
Lit. Henry £ Bearer 7 His mamma» khaun-
saumaun had told him so. 1845 Stocquklkk H**dbk. Brit,
India (1854) 116 The khansama, or hutler. act* the part
which, in a moderate English establishment, is acted by the
mistress and the cook together


f| Khftraj (kara'd3),khara'tch. [Arab. pU.

Marty', in Egypt kharag, in Turkish kkardtrk
tribute.] Tribute; rent; poll-tax: sec Caratch.
i860 Times 25 June 10/6 The allegation that the word
' tribute' is incorrectly used..' khaiatch ' ->r' poll-tax *being
the expression in the original. 1881 Ed in, Rev. Apr. 343
Unable Vo pay their kharag or rent.

Kh»-kih)a8: see Khum-khu8.

iKhatri (koe-tr/, tartr/). Also 7 cuttory,
quetery, 8 katri, khettrie, kittroe, 9 ketra,
khatrf. [Hindi k/tatri i-Skr. kshalnjra.] A
member of the second or military caste among the
Hindus (cf. Kbhatriya).

i6jo Lord Banians * Persees i. 5 And because Cuttery
was of a Martiall temper, tiod gaue him power to sway
kingdomes with the Scepter. 1665
Sir T. Herbert Trav
(1677) 53 The Cutleries, .being men of War they scruple not
to shed blood, eat flesh, and..are for the most part called
Rajaes or great men. 1698 Fhver Acc. E, India «fr P.
iq3 Opium is frequently eaten in gieat Quantities by the
Ra%hpoots, Queteries, and Patans. 17*3 K. Mi mar Hist,
Propag. Chr. 11. vu. ao8 The Katrw are degenerate
into Merchants 1796 Trialof Nuudocomar 36/rt Another
letter came to me with a peon and kittrre, from Koopnarrain
Chowdree 1814 W. Brown Hist. Propag. Chr. II. 170
The Hindoos were originally divided into 4 casts or tribes;
the Brahmin, the Ketra, the Bice, and the Sooder. 2885
Panjab Notes 4- Q* II. 75/1 The.se ceremonies are observed
by Brahmans, Khatris, and Baiscs.


II Xheda,keddah(k*-da. keda). Alsokhed-
da(h, (kiddah). [Hindi kh?JAn enclosure
used in Bengal, Assam, etc., for the capture of
wild elephants ; corresp. to the corral of Ceylon.

1799 Corsr in Phil. Trans. LXXX1X. 38 She was driven
by Mr. Leeke's elephant hunters into a keddah. 18*7
D. Johnson Ind. Field Starts 55 Elephants are numerous...
The principal Keddah for catching them is in the district
of Tipper ah. 1879 F. Poli.ok S^ort Brit Burma h 1. 80,
I-remember, when kheddahs were started in Burmah,
nearly a hundred elephants had been driven into an
inclosure. 1889 Daily News 27 Nov. 5/4 A kheda..has
been formed in the jungle near an elephant cover.

II Khedive :kedfv). (Also 7 quiteue.) [a.F.
kkidivt, a. Turk, (from Pers.) j> J^. khedtv, hhidev

prince, sovereign.] The title of the viceroy or
ruler of Egypt, accorded to Ismail Pasha in 1867 by,
the Turkish government.

(16*5 Pumchas Pilgrims II. iv. 1537 (Slant) He i.i called
Quiteue a title royall and no proper name] 1867 Times
24 May ii/i At a council of the Turkish Cabinet, held
on the 14th inst., the title to be granted to the Pasha of
Egypt was, at length definitely settled. Hii Highness is to
be called 'Khedive', which is regarded as the Arabic
equivalent of1 King'. 1878 N, Amer. Rev. CXXVI. 187
A description.. of the political system of the khedive. 189s
Milner Eng. in Egypt 44 The power of the Khedive is an
emanation from the power of the Sultan*

Hence Xfetdiva, (-df va), Xh«4ivia* (-df-via)
[Arab. uj> Js»], wife of the khedive; Zh«dWsJ
Xtodi'Tlal a., of or pertaining to the khedive;
Xfc«di'T»t«v Xfl«di-viat«, the office, authority,
or government of the khedive.

1890 Daily News 7 Feh. 5/4 Miss*-.*!. Merrick.. Ia*t

Rev. 17 June 749/1 The Khedival and Turkish portion of
the Government got away ..to Alexandria. 188s Standdrd
34 July 5 The fine Khedivial Library..crew, .into a collec-
tion of fame. 1880 Daily Nnvs 13 July 5/6 It seems
almost as though Midhat Pacha wishes to establish a Khedi-
viate in Syria, with himself as Khedive. 189a Times 15
Apr. 3/1 Turkish intrigues for reducing Egypt from the
status of a Khedivat.. to a vilayeL

Khamkaubf Khettrie, Khevenhuller, var.
Kincob, Khatri, Kevkkhuller.
«II Khidmutgar (krdmt;tgaj). Also 8-9 kid-,
kis(t)-, 9 k(h)itmutgftr; 8 khidmidgar, 9
khid , khltmatgar,khid-, khed-, khitmutghar,

khitmutkar, etc. [Urdu (from Pers.) j(£&»Js»

hhidmatgdr, ~ khidmat%ti\\ut + -g&ry agent-suffix.]
In India: A male servant who waits at table.

1765 Holwf.1.1. Hist, Events (1766) L 60 They wen. taken
into the service of Soujah Dowfa ..: Hodjec, in capacity
of hb firftt Kistmutgar (or valet). 1776 Trial 0/ Nundo.
comar «6/i Q. Who came with Bollakey Doss? A. He
came -alone, only hb kidmutgar. 1814 (Shkksr) Sketches
in India 947 His father had been a Khidinutgar to a British
Colonel. 1871 Miss Thackkray Wks. (1891) I. 069-70 A
Kitmutghar who bad drained off n bottle of her cau-dc-
Cologne.

686

HKhilat9khelAt(krl9t). East Ind. Forms:
7 oalaat, oollat, 8 kail-, kellaut, 89 khilat,
khelaut, 9 khelat, kholttt, khUlaut, oalatte,
(khelut, khillut, killut, laut). [UrdQ (Pers.)
O*l^ khiltat, khafcut, a. Arab. bis* khifcah
(at).] A dress of Honour presented by a king or
other dignitary as a mark of distinction to the per-
son receiving it; hence, any handsome present
made by an acknowledged superior.

1684 J. Phillips tr. Ttwerniers Troth I. 111. v. 108
The Garment of Honour, or the Calaat, the Bonnet, and
Girdle. 1698 Frykr Arc. E. India 4 P. 87 He had a
Collat or Seerpaw, a Robe or Honour fiom Head to Foot,

offered htm from the Great Mogul. 1974 Bogle in Mark-
ham Narr. Mission Tibet (1876) 2$ A flowered satin gown
was brought me. I wan dressed in it a* a khilat, 1803

Eomonvtone in Owen Mrq, WeltesUy%s Desp. (187^) 335
He in admitted to the privilege of investing the Peishwa
with a khelaut. m 1845 SrocyuKLKii Handbh, Brit. India
(1854) 230 The king..maintains the royal privilege of con-
ferring khillauts. 1876 Ua. Gkant Hist. India I. xxxvii.
191/t No peishwa'could be appointed without first receiving
the khetal 1886 Yule, Killut, Kttlaut.
II Xhoja (k£a). Forms: 7 hoiah, hodgee,
gia, hugie, hoggie, 7-8 hogi, 8 hoage, hogia,
I OJjah, 9 hojavh, hodja, khodgea, khodja, -djo,
khoja. [Turk, and Pen. laJj* khojah, prop.
khwiijah.~) A professor or teacher in a Moham-
medan school or college; a schoolmaster; a
scribe, clerk.

I 1613 Pl'rchas Pilgrims ix. xv. I 8. II. 1598 From Hue
j ycei s of age vntill ten. .they haue their Hoiah (that is, their
Schoole-master) appointed them by the King to teach them.
1630 R, Johnson's A'ingd. «Jr Commw. 575 The third, are
Hogi, Writers of Bookcs; for they have no Printing. 1704
J. Pitts Acc. Mahometans 21 Rides in the Van of the
Army, with two HoaK«*f or Clerks. 1788 Art, Charge W,
Hastings in Burke Writ. (185a) VII. 97, I sent fur Ketafit
Ali Khln, the Cojah. 1814 Ayesha I. xi. 263 They collected
all that the city possessed of wisdom and learning,—Khod-
jas. Mollahs Hakims, Imams. 1887 L'pool Daily Post 14
rep. 5/4 This last savant brings.,a Knoja, who has just
arrived from ttombay.

Khookheri, obs. form of Kckhi.

II Khor (k£i). [Arab, j* khurr, khorr.] A

; watercourse, ravine, nullah, dry bed of a stream.

1 1884 Times 28 Mar. 5 Our route lay.. along the bottom of

! the valley leading to the khor. Ibid., The khor winds con-

tiiderably, and split*; into two or three smaller ravines. 1896


! Westm, Gai. 13 June 3/1 A swarm of Arabs came down upon
i them through a neighljouring khor.

! Khotbah, -beh, variants of Khutbah.

I l|Xhubber(kirb.M). Kastlnd. Alsokhuber,

! khab(b)ar. [Urdu (Pers., Arab.)^ khabar.]

Information, news, report, rumour.

I 1878 l.i/e in the Mofussil I. 159 (Y.) Khabar of innumer.

j able black partridges ha* lieen received. 1879 Vanity Fair

' 39 Nov. 999 (Y») "c wil1 not tcl1 mc wnRt knabbar has been

I receiveKipling City Dread/, Nt, 75 Just fancy,

: among these five thousand people, wH» — • ^ -«—• •»•-

{ khuber of an accident would produce I

I HXlmd(kf'd). East hut. [Hindi khaif.] A

> deep ravine or chasm ; a precipitous deft or descent

; in a hill-side.

! 1837 Bacon First Impr. Hindustan II. 146 (Y.) To look

j over the edge of the narrow ffMitnath into the. Khurl 1870

I Cd, Words 133/2 The depth of the khuds is very great, and

the slope so rapid that you can scarcely find footing when


i once off the beaten road. s886 R. Kipling Defartm. Ditties,
1 etc. (1899) ®7 t>eatn • • drops the reckless rider down The

rotten rain-soaked khud.

I attrib. 1896 Sarah J. Duncan His Honor 4 a Lady xix.
j 344 The tin roofs of the cottages down the khud-side,

Khukri, Khunjur: see Kukri, Khanjar.
II Xhus-khUS (kfsk^s). East Ind. Also
khaakas, kuakos, kua-kua, kusa-kuaa; see
I also Cuscus2* [Urdu (Pers.) ^p» UJ^ Mas-
| kJtas.l The sweet-scented root of an Indian grass,
largely used in the manufacture of mats or screens
(' tatties'), which are wetted to cool the air passing
through them. Also
attrib.

1810 [see Cujw:us *J. 1851A rt Jml. Illustr, Catal in Forbes
Veg. World 11. p. ivf, Deliciously fragrant screens are mac
by the H indoos from khus-khus, the A ndropogon muricatum.
stt6 Offic, Catal. Ind. Exhib. 33 (Stanf.) Fans made of the
fragrant root of the khadcas grass. 1800 Sir S. Baker Wild
Beasts I. 333 With good tents, kuskoi tattle*, and cod
drinks, the heat was bearable.

II Bmtbah (ku«tba). Also kootbah, khootba,
khotbeh, -bah. [Arab. Jula* kkutbah, khotbeh, f.

i^ khafaba to preach.] A form of sermon or
oration used at the Friday service in Mohammedan
mosque*; the name of the ruling sovereign is
inserted near its dose.

1800 A si at. Ann. Reg,, Misc. Tr, 49/1 He repeatedly read
the kootbah, or prayer, containing the name and titles of the
prince of the age. 1815 Elphinstonb Acc, Caubut (1849)
I. 119 note. Inserting n prince's name in the Khootba, and
inscribing it on the current coin, are reckoned in the Katt
the most certain acknowledgments of sovereignty. 1841
Penny Cycl. XX. 3*3 His lieutenant deposed the Fatlmlte
dynasty by a simple ordinance that the hhotbah or public
prayer should be read in the name of the Abbaftnide caliph
MostadhL s8fo Gabdnui Faiths World lU^h In the
mosque on the Friday, which may be termed the Moham-
medan Sabbath, the Khotbeh..is regularly recited.

KIBE.

II Ki (k#). [Hawaiian, - general Polynesian /1.]
A liliaceous plant, Coniyline Urminahs, found in
China and the islands of the Pacific, of which the
root is baked anefeatcn in the Sandwich Islands;
the fermented juiceyields an intoxicating drink.


i860 Merc. Marine Mag, VII. 395 A kind of liquor..a
deadly stuff, expressed front the kt rotf. 1889 Tablet 18 May
763/3 Drinking fermented ki-root beer, home made alcohol.

Klaboooa. -bouoa, variants of Kyabuka.

llZiaok (ki.crk). [Burmese.] A Burmese
lluddhist temple.

»S99 Hakluyt Voy. II. 1. 361 The people send rice mid
other things to that kiack or church of which they be.

Kiaja, variant of Kshaya.

Klang9 variant of Kt a no, a Tibetan wild horse.

Kiapootee, anglicized phonetic spelling of
Cajtiputi) Malay Aayu-putih, Cajuput.

1831 Trrlawnky Adv. younger Son xxiil III. 980 Among
the rest was a large proportion of Kiapootee and colalava oil.

Klar (koioj), variant of Khaib.

Kiaugh (kyaX), kanoh (kaX). Sc. In other
8c. dialecU oaigh, keaoh, keagh (k/X, k?xw)-
[Origin obscure.] Trouble, worry.

1786 Kurnb Cotters Sat, Nt. iii, His clean hearth-stanc,
hh thrifty wifie's smile, The lbping infant, prattling on his
knee, Doex a' his weary kiaugh and care [ed, 1987 carking
cares] beguile. 1794
Poems, Kng, Scotch 4> Latin 97 (Jam.)
Your caigh and care ahint you fling. 1814 MactAggaut
Citllmnd* Encyci m. v., To betna kattch, to be in an extreme
flutter, not knowing which way to turn; over head and ears
•'- business. 1815-80 Jamieson, Keach, Keagh, uneasiness
of mind,. .bustle, anxious exertion. Dumfries]. 1881
Mr*.
Walfokd in Cd. Words 409/1 Me in a kauch of work, an'
Mccr kirnin', an' a' the hooss wrang side up maist.

Kibab, kibaub, variants of Kabob.

Kibble(kib'l),sb.\dial. Also5kyble,7keble.
[Origin obscure: cf. Kkbbijj and Kibbo.] A stout
staff or cudgel; a hooked stick.

1411 Nottingham Rec. 1I.86J. kyble,ob.: I. hacstok, jd.i
j. horsmair. 1570 Lrvins Manip. ii3/aa Kibble, bacutus.
1674-91 Ray N. C. Words (£. D. $.), Keble, a timher-log.
1800
S. Peggb Anted. Eng. Lang.\iuppl (1814) 383 Kibble,
a strong thick stick. <

Kibble (ki'b'l), sb* fOrigin unascertained:
?from the surname Kibble!\ More fully kibble"
hound: A kind of hound, a cross between the
beagle and the old Englislfchound.

1590 Cokaine Treat, Hunting- B j, You must breed four-
teene or fifteene couple of small Kibble hounds, lowe and
swift. 1831
Johnson Sportsm. Cvcl. s. v., The first remove
from the southern-hound is the kibble.

Kibble (ki-b'l), ^.3 Mining. Also J keeble,

8 kible. [prob. ad. Gcr. hiibel' tub/ in Mining
used in the same sense as the Eng. word.] A
large wooden or (later) iron bucket, for conveying
ore or rubbish to the surface. * »

1671 PhiL Trans. VI. a 104 A Winder with two Keebles
(great buckets made like a barrel with iron hoops..) which

Load in weight 1747 Hooson Miner's Bid. Y ij, Some
what below the Rope is placed a Hook, whereon to hang
the Corfe or Kible. 1874 J. H- Collins Metal Mining74
The kibble is simply an iron bucket made of boiler plates,
riveted together. ..They, .varyin capacity foom 1 to *$ cwt.
b. Comb, Xibble-ohain, the chain by which
the kibble is drawn up and let down in the shaft.
1851 KiNGBtEY Yeast viii, At the shaft's mouth,reaching
after the kibble-chain.

Kibble, st>* [? Altered form of cobble, or related
to Kibble w.i]« Cobblk sbA

]

1891 Times 1a Oct. 4/s The demand for coal, kibbles, and
slack ..is very active. 1893 Daily News 8 May a/7 House
coul is quiet, ..kibbles 8*. yL to 8*. &£, with superior sorts
approximately dearer.

Kibble (ki-b'l), v.l [Etym. obscure: the form
is dim. or freq., but the root does not appear; cf.
Kibbli sb.*] irons. Xa. bruise or grind coarsely;
to crush into small pieces. Also
absol. Hence
Kibbled ppL a.\ Kibbllng-mUl, a hand-mill
for kibbling grain, beans, etc.

1790 in W Mammall Midi. Counties (E. D. S.). it*6
Sporting Mag. XVII. 359 A question in your last Magasine,
respecting kibbled corn for hunters. Kid. XVIII. 73 There
is no kibbling mill equal to the horse's grinders, c 1880 Sale
Catal,,Those [com crushing machinei)..wiU kibble beans,
peas, Indian corn.

babble (ki-t>1), v? V. Kibbub sb,*] To
convey ore or rnbbish in a kibble.

1891 LabourCommission Glut., KibbH*g.

Xibbo (ki'btf). dial. ?Obs, XObscnre: cf.
Kkbbib and Kxbblb sb.*J A stick, cudgel.

i68i Shadwkle. Scr. Altai}* 11. lf And I tafc kibbo. I'st
raddle the Bones o'thee. ^1746 J. Collier (Tim Bobbin)
View Lane. Dial. 5> With* Wythen Kibbo he had
in his Hont. «

Kibe (kaib), sb. AIS0V7 kJbe. {Of uncertain
origin; not from OE.; cf, Welsh ^(al
»o cibwst)
of the same meaning, which, if native, may be the
source of the English word.l

on

L A chapped or ulcerated chilblain, esp. one
the heel.

1*7 Tbbvisa Higden (Rolls) VIII. «7 A^^> ^P"
beside Vri» croys on a kybe(U anthr«cem) hit he had
and hit vansched awey. ^1400 Lmn/rams Cirurg, 5


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