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Dr. Herman J. Viola
Dr. Sarah Witham Bednarz
Associate Professor, Geography
Texas A&M University
Dr. Carlos E. Cortés
Professor Emeritus, History University of California, Riverside
Dr. Cheryl Jennings
Project Director Florida Institute of Education
University of North Florida
Dr. Mark C. Schug
Professor and Director Center for Economic Education
University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
Dr. Charles S. White
Associate Professor School of Education
Dr. Dolores Beltran
California State University, Los Angeles
(Support for English Language Learners)
Dr. MaryEllen Vogt
California State University Center for the Advancement of Reading
(Reading in the Content Area)
About Your Textbook xxii
Reading Social Studies xxvi
Constitution Day xxviii
Unit 1 Our Land and First People
Unit Almanac — Connect to Today 2
CHAPTER 1 America's Land 4
Vocabulary Preview Reading Strategy: Predict and Infer 4
Lesson 1 Core Land and Climate 6
Lesson 1 Extend Geography — Trouble from the Tropics 10
Map and Globe Skill Review Map Skills 12
Lesson 2 Core Our Nation's Resources 14
Lesson 2 Extend Technology — The Race for Solar Power 20
Lesson 3 Core Regions of the United States 22
Lesson 3 Extend Biographies — Caretakers of the Earth 26
Lessons The lessons in your book have two parts: core and extend.
Lessons bring the events of history to life and help you meet your state's standards.
Go deeper into an important topic.
Learn more about an important topic from each core lesson.
Skill Building Learn map, graph, and study skills, as well as citizenship skills for life.
The back of your book includes sections you'll refer to again and again.
Look for atlas maps, a glossary of social studies terms, and an index.
Reading Social Studies
Your book includes many features to help you be a successful reader. Here's what you will find:
Every chapter and lesson helps you with social studies terms. You'll build your vocabulary through strategies you're learning in language arts.
Get a jump start on four important words from the chapter.
Focus on word roots, prefixes, suffixes, or compound words, for example.
Reuse words in the reviews, skills, and extends. Show that you know your vocabulary.
Look for the reading strategy and quick tip at the beginning of each chapter.
Predict and Infer
Before you read, think about what you'll learn.
Monitor and Clarify
Check your understanding. Could you explain what you just read to someone else?
Stop and ask yourself a question. Did you understand what you read?
After you read, think about the most important ideas of the lesson.
As you read, organize the information. These reading skills will help you:
Cause and Effect
Compare and Contrast
Problem and Solution
Categorize (or) Classify
Main Idea and Details
Build on What You Know
Check your prior knowledge. You may already know a lot!
Connect with the text. Did you understand what you just read?
Look for three ways to summarize–a list, an organizer, or a paragraph.
SPECIAL HOLIDAY: Constitution Day
“We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union …?? These are the words that begin the United States Constitution, the plan for our national government. The leaders who wrote this document in 1787 wanted to create a good government for United States citizens. Today, we celebrate the Constitution during the week of September 17. We call this day Constitution Day and Citizenship Day.
The words “We the people?? show that the national government's power comes from the people of the United States. For the government to work, citizens must take part. They do this by voting, serving on juries, paying taxes, and working as community and national leaders.
National Constitution Center This exhibit in Philadelphia shows delegates debating at the Constitutional Convention.