Honors us history Name Unit 2 Test – Expansion and Reform Multiple Choice



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Honors US History Name___________________________________

Unit 2 Test – Expansion and Reform
Multiple Choice (2 points each)

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Please answer on the GREEN side of your ScanTron Sheet

____ 1. Why did railroads have a greater impact on American society than did canals and steamboats?



a.

The government funded railroad construction.

b.

People enjoyed riding on trains more than on steamboats.

c.

Railroads cost less to build and trains provided faster transport.

d.

Canals and steamboats did not connect farmers to cities.






____ 2. Why did northern industrialists favor protective tariffs?



a.

Tariffs raised the cost of European goods so that more people would buy American goods.

b.

Labor unions demanded tariffs because they raised factory workers’ wages.

c.

Investors used money from tariffs to reduce production costs.

d.

Higher prices meant that companies earned higher profits.






____ 3. The cotton gin changed agriculture in the South by



a.

simplifying the planting process.

c.

combining cotton and wheat farms.

b.

making cotton the dominant crop.

d.

encouraging textile factory construction.












____ 4. The ruling in McCulloch v. Maryland was significant because the Supreme Court



a.

declared its right to review the constitutionality of laws.

b.

restricted the federal government’s right to regulate interstate commerce.

c.

established the supremacy of state laws over federal laws.

d.

used a broad interpretation of the Constitution to expand federal power.






____ 5. The Second Great Awakening inspired people to



a.

work for a variety of social reforms.

b.

return runaway slaves.

c.

look to the past rather than the future.

d.

stay home from organized church services.






____ 6. Which American industry first used machines to do work previously done by hand?



a.

guns

c.

cotton farming

b.

textiles

d.

shoemaking
























____ 7. The Erie Canal was significant because it



a.

challenged railroads as the primary transportation system of the early 1800s.

b.

connected products of the Great Lakes region to the Eastern Seaboard for trade.

c.

was the first federally funded internal improvement.

d.

increased trade with Great Britain.







____ 8. The Seneca Falls Convention was important because it

a.

nominated candidates who would support women’s rights.

b.

instituted specific reforms for women’s rights.

c.

was the first Women’s Rights Convention in the United States.

d.

demanded changes in women’s attire.

____ 9. How did nullification relate to tariffs in the early 1800s?



a.

Northern states wanted to nullify tariffs.

b.

Southern states wanted to nullify tariffs.

c.

Northerners supported both tariffs and nullification.

d.

Southerners supported both tariffs and nullification.






____ 10. Jacksonian Democrats _____ the national bank because they thought it _____.



a.

opposed; favored a wealthy few

b.

opposed; undermined the economy

c.

supported; stabilized the currency

d.

supported; strengthened the federal government






____ 11. Industrialization in the North caused



a.

factory workers to move to suburbs.

c.

skilled artisans to earn higher wages.

b.

a middle class to emerge.

d.

labor unions to disband.












____ 12. Henry Clay’s idea of an American System included all of the following EXCEPT



a.

Protective tariffs

b.

State banks

c.

Internal improvements

d.

Further connection and trade among the different regions of the United States.






____ 13. Supporters insisted that a national bank would



a.

Make the American Economy more stable.

b.

enable state and private banks to print their own money.

c.

counter the negative effects of tariffs.

d.

reduce the economy’s reliance on gold.







____ 14. The presidential election of 1824



a.

resulted in a four-way tie.

b.

ended in a compromise.

c.

was decided by the House of Representatives.

d.

led to a recount of votes.






____ 15. In the early 1800s, new state constitutions expanded the electorate by giving the vote to



a.

new immigrants.

c.

free African American men.

b.

white women.

d.

white men without property.

























____ 16. In the 1820s, New Mexico, Texas, and California attracted expansionists because

a.

the U.S. government had influence over Spain.

b.

they were rich in resources and thinly settled.

c.

the Mexican government did not want to develop these provinces.

d.

Congress had passed new legislation called Manifest Destiny.






____ 17. Which reformer is associated with prison and mental health issues?



a.

Dorothea Dix

c.

Henry David Thoreau

b.

Catharine Beecher

d.

Horace Mann












____ 18. In 1833, during the Nullification Crisis, South Carolina threatened to secede from the Union if



a.

Congress raised tariffs.

b.

the federal government used force against South Carolina.

c.

John C. Calhoun resigned his vice presidency.

d.

the Supreme Court rejected the principle of nullification.






____ 19. Transcendentalists were known for



a.

being loyal to the Pope.

c.

using nature as a teacher.

b.

making high-quality crafts.

d.

following organized religions.












____ 20. Which of the following is an accurate statement about emigrants heading west in the mid-1800s?



a.

Emigrants usually traveled alone.

b.

Male and female emigrants usually traveled separately on foot and horseback.

c.

Emigrants usually traveled along rivers, using rafts and ferries.

d.

Emigrants usually traveled in wagon trains of 50 to 1,000 people.






____ 21. Revivalist preachers are best described as



a.

quietly effective.

c.

focused on the past.

b.

enthusiastic speakers.

d.

indifferent to their congregations.

____ 22. Which of the following describes the policy adopted during the 1820s and 1830s as a solution to the Native American problem?

a. the removal of Native Americans to lands west of the Mississippi.

b. the establishment of reservations in various sections of the country.

c. the forced migration of Native Americans to territories owned by Mexico.

d. the assimilation of Native Americans by breaking up tribes and granting American citizenship

to individual members.
____ 23 Andrew Jackson's remark, “John Marshall has made his decision; now let him enforce it,” refers to the president's intention to

a. destroy the National Bank despite the Supreme Court ruling upholding its constitutionality.

b. use force, if necessary, to make South Carolina obey federal law that South Carolina thought

was unconstitutional

c. move the Cherokees west of the Mississippi River regardless of Supreme Court rulings.

d. disregard Chief Justice Marshall's ruling in Gibbons v. Ogden.

____ 24. Although probably oversimplified, which of the following describes the "Era of Good Feelings"

a. Sectionalism had become the dominant force in the nation.

b. There were no more divisions within the ranks of the Republican Party.

c. Friendliness and cooperation with Britain replaced earlier policies of hostilities.

d. Nationalism strongly influenced American culture and politics.
____ 25. After the War of 1812, Henry Clay called for an "American System", by which he meant?

a. a system of high tariffs to keep out European products.

b. a unique method of manufacturing that Europeans could not emulate.

c. a three part system of tariffs, internal improvements and a National Bank

d. internal improvements (such as new roads canals and railroads) that would make the nation

self-sufficient.


_____ 26. Northern support for slavery was most likely based on

a.

fear of competition for jobs.

c.

a desire to weaken the South.

b.

resentment of plantation owners.

d.

religious doctrines and beliefs.













____ 27. The American Colonization Society encouraged free blacks to move to

a.

Underground Railroad stations.

c.

Haiti.

b.

large northern cities.

d.

Liberia.

____ 28. The Liberator was known for appealing to its readers’ sense of



a.

moral correctness.

c.

economic concern.

b.

modern convenience.

d.

social status.

____ 29. The women’s movement began when women saw parallels between their situation and that of



a.

slaves.

c.

British royalty.

b.

children.

d.

poor immigrants.












____ 30. What was the outcome of Polk’s expansionist policies in the Oregon Territory?



a.

The Oregon Territory was split between the United States and Britain.

b.

Mexico received part of the Oregon Territory.

c.

Polk forced Britain to surrender its land in the Oregon Territory.

d.

The United States and Britain warred over rights to the Oregon Territory.

____31. What effect did the Wilmot Proviso have on relations between the North and the South?



a.

It had no effect.

b.

It helped unite factions of Congress on the single issue of slavery.

c.

It further increased tensions between the North and the South.

d.

It led politicians to break with typical party and sectional lines.

____32. The most successful Mormon settlements were in



a.

New York.

c.

Missouri.

b.

Ohio.

d.

Utah.

____33. . According to the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, the United States

a. gained California and New Mexico.

b. forfeited all claims above the 54 40’

c. received $15 million from Mexico.

d. prohibited slavery in Texas.


_____ 34. After the election of 1824, the president’s choice of Henry Clay as Secretary of State resulted in

a. the end of political bitterness between the major parties

b. the revival of the Federalist party

c. political alliance between Clay and Andrew Jackson

d. charges of a corrupt bargain with John Quincy Adams
_____ 35. People who believed in Manifest Destiny were known as

a.

Mountain Men.

c.

missionaries.

b.

expansionists.

d.

trappers.













_____36. The words and efforts of reformers such as Mann led to what change in education?

a. the introduction of private schools c. the use of state funds to support free public schools

b. a decrease in public school attendance d. an absence of training for teachers

_____37. The abolitionist movement had the effect of

a. weakening white attachment to slavery.

b. converting most Americans to the abolitionists position.

c. increasing the chances for compromise between North and South.

d. bringing the issue of slavery to the forefront of the reform movement.


_____38. Lowell girls were representative of the women who first gained economic opportunity

a. on plantations in the South c. in coalfields in mountain states

b. on farms in the Midwest d. in industries in the Northeast


_____39. Antebellum feminists were generally

a. devoted to the issue of women’s rights with no regard for other movements.

b. active in other reform movements as well as that of women’s rights.

c. indifferent to political issues while attentive to social causes.

d. united in their goals and methods to gain equality.
_____40. The Whig Party formed in response to

a. the Tariff of Abominations

b. the election of Andrew Jackson

c. Jackson’s veto of a bill renewing the national bank



d. the nullification crisis and South Carolina’s secession threat
Short Essay (14 points)
Describe how sectional tensions developed during this time period (1800- 1850: Era of Good Feelings – Age of Jacksonian Democracy – Industrialization – Age of Reform – Expansion Westward). Provide at least 4 examples of (very) specific events which added to these sectional tensions.


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