Homework 18 Chapter 13: Changes On the Western Frontier

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Homework 18 - Chapter 13: Changes On the Western Frontier

Read pages 406 to 433. Answer the questions.

Section 1: Culture Clash on the Prarie

  1. What happened to the Sioux Indian Zitkala Sa when she attended a boarding school?

  2. Why do you think our government forced Indian children to go to boarding schools?

  3. In what way was Indian life on the Great Plains a great achievement?

  4. How did the horse and buffalo shape life for Indians on the Great Plains?

  5. Which is better for you, Buffalo or Beef?

  6. The word egalitarian means a sense of equality. According to the book in what way was Indian life an equal life for all tribal members?

  7. How did the views on land ownership cause a clash between whites and Indians?

  8. Which minerals were the chief attractions to settling the west?

  9. What did the US Government do for Indians in 1834 that was a very good thing

  10. What happened at Sand Creek, Colorado?

  11. Why was the Fetterman Massacre a turning point?

  12. Why did Indian leaders such as Sitting Bull refuse to sign the Ft. Laramie Treaty?

  13. Look at the map on Page 411. What do you notice about the amount of Indian Reservation land from 1819 to 2000?

  14. What was the plan of the US Army to win the Red River War in 1868?

  15. Why was Col. George Custer sent to the Black Hills in 1874?

  16. What was the fate of Custer at Little Big Horn?

  17. What did Helen Hunt Jackson say about the Government and Indians in her book a “Century of Dishonor”?

  18. What was the Dawes Act?

  19. Why was assimilation a difficult goal to achieve?

  20. What had happened to the herd of 65 million buffalo by 1900?

  21. What was the Ghost Dance Movement?

  22. Why did the US Army take the Ghost Dance as a threat?

  23. What happened at Wounded Knee?

  24. What happened at Broken Elbow?

  25. Look at the NOW AND THEN BOX. What is special about the Nez Perce Indians in modern times?

  26. What made the cattle business a profitable business?

  27. Why were Texas Longhorn cows perfect for ranching on the Great Plains?

  28. Where did most cowboy traditions come from?

  29. Why were railroads essential to cattle profits?

  30. What made the demand for beef soar?

  31. Who was Joseph McCoy?

  32. Look at the ART of Frederick Remington? Why do these paintings of cowboys and the west capture the American spirit?

  33. What was a typical day like for a cowboy?

  34. Why did cowboys willingly work under such harsh conditions?

  35. What was the long drive?

  36. Why do Legends of the West such as Calamity Jane and Wild Bill remain popular?

  37. What brought an end t the west and the Open Range?

Section 2: Settling On the Great Plains

  1. What did Ester Clark Hill remember about life on the Kansas Prarie?

  2. What stands out the most about her memories?

  3. Most of the US was settled in only 30 years. 1870 to 1900. What made that possible?

  4. How much money was spent on railroads in the west?

  5. Who were the cheap sources of labor for railroad building?

  6. Why did so many immigrants become western farmers?

  7. What was the Homestead Act?

  8. Who were the Exodusters?

  9. What happened in Oklahoma in 1889?

  10. What did explorers Washburn and Langford want to do with land in the west?

  11. What did the US Government say had happened in 1890?

  12. Do you think Frederick Jackson Turner is right? The west shaped and defined the true American Character?

  13. What were dugouts and soddies?

  14. What was the woman’s role in settling the west?

  15. In what way was the west the most liberating place for women to live?

  16. How did John Deere and Cyrus McCormick make life easier for western farmers?

  17. What was the Morril Act?

  18. Why was agricultural education essential to the growth of America?

  19. Name a college established under the Morrill Act.

  20. What were bonanza farms?

  21. Why were farmers planting more and more corn/wheat crops?

  22. How did technology actually hurt the farmer?

Section 3: Farmers and the Populist Movement

  1. Why did Mary Lease join the Farmers Alliance Movement?

  2. What had happened to most farmers after the Civil War?

  3. Why were pricing for crops falling instead of rising?

  4. Who was to blame?

  5. How did railroads contribute to farmers economic problems?

  6. Who was Oliver Kelley?

  7. What was the Grange?

  8. What did they want to do to changes things for the better?

  9. What is populism?

  10. Why is populism one of the most important things to have happened in the 1890s?

  11. What changes did the Populist have for a political platform?

  12. What was the Panic of 1893?

  13. When was it?

  14. By 1894 how many were unemployed?

  15. Who was William Jennings Bryan?

  16. Who was William McKinley?

  17. What was at stake in 1896?

  18. What was the Cross of Gold Speech?

  19. Which is better for the US? A Gold or Silver Standard? WhY?

  20. Who won the election?

  21. Why did populism end and collapse?

  22. Why is Populism one of the most important events of all time in US History?

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