Holy Cross High School National 5 History Exam Type questions Describe how Germany was affected by ww1

Compare the views of Sources A and B as evidence of militarism in Nazi Germany

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Compare the views of Sources A and B as evidence of militarism in Nazi Germany

Describe the ways women were treated in Nazi Germany

  • As soon as the Nazis came to power thousands of women in professional jobs were dismissed and the number of women at university was greatly reduced.

  • In 1933 Marriage loans were introduced to encourage couples to marry and have children. If a couple had four children repayment of the loan was cancelled. Single people and childless couples were taxed more.

  • Women who had a lot of children were honoured with the Mother’s Cross. Only families with four children were officially allowed to be called a family. Abortion and contraception were banned and those who broke the law could be executed. Unmarried women often had children and there was no longer any shame attached to illegitimacy.

  • The age of motherhood for Aryan women was reduced to sixteen. Divorce was made easier if one of the partners was infertile. The Lebensborn programme encouraged unmarried women to have a child by ‘racially pure’ SS men.

  • Girls were taught from a young age that it was their duty to have as many children as possible. Schools and the Hitler Youth concentrated on activities which prepared girls to be wives and mothers. The Nazi Women’s League led by Gertrude Scholz-Klink promoted Nazi ideas.

  • Propaganda reinforced Nazi ideas on racial purity and images of the ideal Aryan family. Schools, youth organisations and the League of German Women constantly reminded women of their duty to have children.

  • Aryan women were only allowed to marry Aryan men to prevent ‘racial pollution’. Women who were racially ‘impure’ or who had hereditary illness were forcibly sterilized.

  • The Nazis tried to stop women following fashions. Make-up and wearing trousers was frowned upon, and hair was ‘expected’ to be in certain styles. An arrangement in a bun or in plaits was permitted, but dyed or permed hair was not.

  • Slimming was discouraged because being slim was not thought to be good for childbearing. Girls were forced to take part in sport and physical exercise programmes to keep them fit and healthy for childbearing

  • When the war started all of the policies towards women workers were cast away because there was a shortage of workers. Millions of women were forced back to work against their will.

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