Holy Cross High School National 5 History Exam Type questions Describe how Germany was affected by ww1


Explain the reasons why it was difficult to oppose the Nazis after 1933



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Explain the reasons why it was difficult to oppose the Nazis after 1933

* opponents liable to severe penalties, as were their families which added to the climate of fear and enforced loyalty

* opponents never able to establish a single organisation to channel their resistance – role of the Gestapo, paid informers

* opposition lacked cohesion and a national leader; also lacked armed supporters

* lack of cooperation between socialists and communists

* difficulties involved in publicising their views

* groups like the White Rose and Kreisau Circle had to meet in secret

* little co-operation between opposition groups

* outspoken individuals (Bonhoeffer, Niemoller) were rounded up

* opposition leaders were arrested, put in concentration camps or killed

* overseas assistance was lacking

* many leaders fled from Germany

* groups were often infiltrated by the Gestapo/spies

* all opposition was declared illegal/banned after 1933 (Enabling Act)

* Trade Unions were declared illegal


  • intimidation by the SS

  • fear of concentration camps

  • Nazis controlled the media

  • Nazis kept a tight control over the young

  • Nazi propaganda

  • widespread support for the Nazis

  • Nazi control of the courts

  • brutal treatment/hanging of opponents

  • rivalry between left-wing parties mean they do not unite in opposition

  • established churches provided no organised opposition.




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