Formation and characteristics of the National Socialist Government; National Socialism in power: intimidation; treatment of Jews and other minority groups; opposition to National Socialism by socialists, communists, and the churches.
* political parties outlawed; non-Nazi members of the civil service were dismissed, crushing possible opposition
* Nazis never quite able to silence opposition to the regime
* speed of takeover of power and ruthlessness of the regime made opposition largely ineffective
* anti-Nazi judges were dismissed and replaced with those favourable to the Nazis ensuring the support of the legal system
* Acts Hostile to the National Community (1935) – all-embracing law which allowed the Nazis to persecute opponents in a ‘legal’ way
* Use of Gestapo created a culture of fear