Holy Cross High School National 5 History Exam Type questions Describe how Germany was affected by ww1


Explain the reasons why Hitler was able to become Chancellor in 1933



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Explain the reasons why Hitler was able to become Chancellor in 1933.

Weimar blamed for losing World War One/Stab in the Back

Proportional representation produced weak governments

The governments showed inability to curb extremism in politics

Coalition governments lacked authority/seemed unable to solve problems facing Germany

Weimar was blamed for economic hardships: Hyper-inflation/Depression

Squabbling among politicians led to people losing respect for/faith in them

Hitler promised strong, decisive leadership

Nazi use of propaganda, eg held large public meetings/parades which excited many

Use of intimidation/violence which attracted many/intimidated others

Nazi programme: anti-Versailles, anti-Communist, anti-Jews had a great deal of support among ordinary Germans

Hitler’s promises: eg provision of jobs, reunite all Germans, re-militarisation

The use of political tactics, eg refusal to join coalition governments allowed Hitler to outflank his opponents

Success in elections brought greater publicity/legitimacy/financial backing

Nazis gained widespread support as they seemed to offer something to most groups/classes in Germany




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