Holocaust Lesson 2 (2 day lesson) Essential Questions

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The Jews of Europe were the most numerous of the victims of the Holocaust. It is commonly stated that approximately six million Jews were murdered in the Holocaust. Millions of other minorities also perished in the Holocaust. About 220,000 Gypsies were murdered. Other groups deemed by the Nazis to be "racially inferior" or "undesirable" included Poles (6 million killed, of whom 3 million were Christian, and the rest Jewish), Serbs (estimates vary between 500,000 and 1.2 million killed, Soviet military prisoners of war and civilians in occupied territories including Russians and other East Slavs, the mentally or physically disabled, homosexuals, Blacks, Jehovah's Witnesses, Communists and political dissidents, Eastern Christians, and Catholic and Protestant clergy, were also persecuted and killed. Taking into account all minority groups, the total death toll rises considerably, estimates generally place the total number of Holocaust victims at 9 to 11 million. Another group, whose deaths are related to the Holocaust but not always counted in the totals, comprise the thousands who committed suicide rather than face what they feared would be untold suffering ending in death.

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