Hod 3640: Global Dimensions of Community Development Fall Semester 2013 Wednesdays 1: 10-4: 00 Payne 008 Instructor

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HOD 3640: Global Dimensions of Community Development
Fall Semester 2013 Wednesdays 1:10-4:00 Payne 008
Instructor: Doug Perkins d.perkins@vanderbilt.edu [best way to reach me]

322-7213 107 Mayborn Office Hours: Tu, Th. 11-12 or by app’t

Course Description: Provides an overview of theory, research and action in international community development and its global dimensions. Students will learn about both industrialized and less developed countries in various parts of the World in their assignments. The course helps students understand the globalization processes and dimensions of human and community development work (i.e., economic, technological, cultural, socio-psychological, political, legal, health, education, and physical/infrastructure). Specific topics and examples cut across multiple dimensions [e.g., rural development includes agricultural, but also health, education, legal, and infrastructure]. International nongovernmental organizations and international, national and local policies will be discussed as they pertain to the practical knowledge and skills needed to operate effectively in the broad field of foreign urban and rural community development.
Course Goals: By the end of this course, you should be able to do the following:

(1) Define, in multiple ways, the processes of globalization and international community development change in all their complexity, contradictions, and paradoxes

(2) Understand in some detail the forces and organizations that are both driving and resisting these processes

(3) Understand the impact that globalization can have on communities and development in industrialized and less developed areas across the globe, surveying a range of domains

(4) Produce and present two seminar papers demonstrating an in-depth understanding of different community development topics in different countries

(5) Research and draft a community development project proposal in one of those countries.

(6) A major goal of this course is to prepare students for work in the complex field of community development occurring in cross-cultural settings, and in organizations characterized by diversity, or in institutional contexts that serve a culturally diverse multinational or immigrant clientele.
Course Format: Class meetings will be run as a seminar in which the instructor and individual, or groups of, students will lead class discussion of the readings and encourage questions on and debate of those topics. I will try to arrange one or more visiting speakers and students may suggest guests to invite. The readings for the day on the schedule are to be read before the class period as you should be prepared to participate in both class and OAK discussions. Class attendance and participation are important. Planning for course assignments and related readings will be discussed periodically in class. The exact schedule of topics and reading assignments may change. Check the syllabus/schedule on OAK for any changes.
Graded Course Requirements (& % of course grade):
A. 2 Seminar (critical literature review) Papers (25%X2=50%; each one: 4-6 single-spaced pages): 1 on a dimension of globalization (weeks 2-10) and 1 on a particular country or region (weeks 11–14; see schedule, below); after choosing a dimension and a country/region by the 2nd class, students will choose at least 2 assigned readings (or propose a substitute joint reading for class) and will co-lead discussion of the readings and their draft paper in class for those 2 weeks. PhD students should select research-focused topics and readings. Masters students may want to select CD intervention-focused topics and readings. You should read the required and some of the recommended readings related to both the chosen geographic and topical areas, but for your papers, must go beyond those and complete a thorough, critical, and synthesized review of “glocal” (specific local, but influenced by global) development issues in your chosen country/region. Do a thorough search, especially of the recent scholarly literature on the topic and region. Write a paper summarizing and critically analyzing the literature on that topic. Post a draft (or through first 5 weeks of the semester, it can be a detailed outline) of your paper to the OAK Discussion Board at least 2 days before the topic is scheduled to be discussed in class. Lead class discussion of the topic on the day it is scheduled. Every student in the class will be expected to read the required readings and drafts/outlines each week and comment (in class and on OAK) on as many student paper topics as possible for part of their participation grade [below]. Papers may be revised based on comments and class discussion before being turned in for a grade no later than 3 weeks after your 1st (global dimension) paper is discussed in class and 1 week after the 2nd (country/region) paper is discussed.

B. Community Development Project Description/Proposal (25%): 4-6 single-spaced pages; you can write this either in the form of a project proposal or description of a completed project; draft due and presented at last class of semester [may be revised and turned in at the beginning of exam week]. Choose and identify a foreign country or region with which you are familiar. Imagine you are a community development specialist for an international NGO or government agency. A rural village or urban neighborhood (you choose) leader comes to you indicating an interest in hiring you to help her village or neighborhood deal with a problem that she and other members of the local council have identified (CHOOSE PROBLEM FROM LIST BELOW). You accept her invitation to meet with the council members, as you know that you have a number of skills and approaches to solving social problems that may be of assistance. Your paper should be as specific and detailed as possible within the page limits. Briefly describe the village or neighborhood geographically, socially, demographically, economically, politically, culturally, environmentally, etc. Identify and analyze the relevant global dimensions of the problem. How might you envision your work with this village/neighborhood, from pre-visit preparation, to first meeting to your withdrawal? What do you envision is the process of your work/intervention in this community (assuming all goes well)--what specific steps will you take as you work with this community? As your work progresses, what specifically might you offer them in terms of skills and/or approaches to problem definition and solution that might be of value? What ethical issues will you encounter? What might be some of the other problems you will encounter while working there and how might you deal with them? What might you have to keep in mind as you work with the village/neighborhood council and its residents?

I encourage you to draw ideas [either CD programs or practices to try or what not to use] from existing programs, but try to make it your own, focus on the decision and implementation process with the particular, hypothetical [or real] community you chose, and be critical/analytical (as with the first paper) and specific in what aspects of the existing program you borrow or tailor for your project. Provide at least a rough budget for the project and be realistic and indicate specifically where the funds would come from [i.e., what means of organization/project income, or specific government revenue and/or agency source [foreign country or U.S.], or private foundation]. Finally, briefly outline how you will evaluate the project, including what kinds of data to measure what specific outcomes and/or processes.

Choose a specific problem:

Lack of Employment/Jobs

Rural out-migration of residents

Urban in-migration from rural areas

Gentrification displacing poor residents

Lack of affordable, safe and decent housing

Poor or no public infrastructure (sewer, plumbing, roads, schools, etc.)

Toxic Waste/Environmental Contamination

AIDS/HIV or other health epidemic

Access to healthy affordable food

Alcohol or Drug Abuse

Child Sexual Abuse or Domestic Violence

Youth violence

Ethnic/tribal conflict/cultural genocide

Poor performing schools or school-community relations

Other [you specify]

C. Class/OAK participation (25%). This course requires significant student input and involvement. Attendance is expected. [Missing 1 or at most 2 classes per semester for illness or work conflicts is excusable, but please email the instructor as soon as you know you will have to miss.] Participation in course activities, and especially class and OAK discussions, is essential. Students need to come to class prepared, having thoroughly read the class material in advance of the class session. Throughout the term, students must come prepared with questions to facilitate discussion of the readings. Students may be asked to hand in these questions, which will be used in part to determine the participation grade. Check the Discussion Board on the class OAK site at least 2X/week and, AT LEAST ONCE/WEEK, try to post or respond to a topic or offer feedback re class or a classmate’s paper or discussion. Effective participation also means not distracting yourself or others. Please devote your full attention to the class. Use of computers [except to take notes], phones, or other material not related to course work is not permitted.
Late/Missing Work/Honor Code. For all the above, late work will lose points. Any missing units of work will be graded 0. Please talk to the instructor if you're having problems. The Vanderbilt Honor Code governs all course requirements. Be particularly careful to properly credit ALL sources in a paper; avoid using web information that does not have a clear author. Student study groups and, with instructor’s prior approval, collaboration on presentations and projects are permissible. If you have any doubts how the Honor Code applies, please ask the instructor for clarification. Uncertainty about the application of the Honor Code does not excuse a violation.
Students who may need disability-related accommodations should contact the instructor as soon as possible. Also, please contact the Opportunity Development Center: 322-4705.

Required Book (should be in bookstore; additional required article readings will be linked on OAK):

Roberts, J. T., & Hite, A. (Eds.). (2007). The globalization and development reader: Perspectives on development and global change. Malden, MA: Blackwell.


Week Date: Topic/Required readings in bold [See changes/final reading selections + schedule of students leading discussion of readings or draft papers on OAK]
1. 8/21: Introduction to Community development [ON E-RESERVES ON OAK]:

SKIM (students with no past coursework in community studies may want to read this more carefully): Christenson, Fendley & Robinson (1989). Community development. In J. A. Christenson & J. W. Robinson (Eds.), Community development in perspective (pp. 3-25). Iowa State U.

SKIM Voth & Brewster (1989). An overview of international community development. In Christenson & Robinson (Eds.), Community development in perspective (1st ed., pp. 280-306). Iowa State Press.

Campfens, H. (1997). International review of community development: Theory and Practice. In H. Campfens (ed.) Community development around the World: Practice, theory, research, training, (pp. 3-40) University of Toronto Press.

DFID Sustainable Livelihoods Guidance Sheets [Read Sections 1 & 2 (first 2 links) here: http://www.ennonline.net/resources/667 ]

Blakely, E. J. (1989). Theoretical approaches for a global community. In J. A. Christenson & J. W. Robinson (Eds.), Community development in perspective (1st ed., pp. 307-336). Iowa State University Press.

Fernando, J. L. (2003). The Power of Unsustainable Development: What Is to Be Done? The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 590(1), 6-34.

Ife, J. (1995). Community development: Creating community alternatives- vision, analysis and practice. Melbourne: Longman.

Nation, M., Wandersman, A., & Perkins, D.D. (2002). Promoting healthy communities through community development. In L. Jason & D. Glenwick (Eds.), Innovative strategies for promoting health and mental health across the life span (pp. 324-344). New York: Springer.

Perkins, D.D., Crim, B., Silberman, P. & Brown, B.B. (2004). Community development as a response to community-level adversity: Ecological theory and research and strengths-based policy. In K.I. Maton et al. (Eds.), Investing in children, youth, families and communities: Strengths-based research and policy (pp. 321-340). Washington, DC: Am. Psychological Assoc.

2. 8/28: Economic dimension [eg, poverty, World Bank, IMF, WTO, NAFTA & other trade agreements]

Roberts & Hite [R&H]: Development and Globalization: Recurring Themes (pp. 1-14)

Part I: Formative Approaches to Development and Social Change-Introduction (pp. 19-24)

Chapter 1. Manifesto of the Communist Party (1848); Alienated Labor (1844): Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels

2. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (1905): Max Weber (I recommend also reading Anthony Giddens’ Introduction or the longer one by Peter Baehr & Gordon C. Wells for background and interpretation of this reading: see e-reserves.)

3. The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto: W.W. Rostow (1960)

Roberts & Hite Part II: Dependency and Beyond: Introduction (pp. 71-75)

5. The Development of Underdevelopment (1969): Andre Gunder Frank

(Note: Ch. 6 provides some historical background to dependency theory, but it is only recommended if you are interested in the complexities of 3rd-World dependency development)

7. The Rise and Future Demise of the World Capitalist System: Concepts for Comparative Analysis (1979): Immanuel Wallerstein


8. Rethinking Development Theory: Insights From East Asia and Latin America (1989/1994): Gary Gereffi

9. Gender and the Global Economy (1999): Valentine M. Moghadam

Banerjee, A. V., Benabou, R., & Mookherjee, D. (2006). Understanding poverty. Oxford University Press.

Cardoso, F.H. (1972; R & H: Ch. 6). Dependency and Development in Latin America

Carr, S. C., & Sloan, T. S. (Eds.). (2003). Poverty and psychology: From global perspective to local practice. New York: Kluwer Academic / Plenum.

Charman, A., Petersen, L., & Piper, L. (2011). Spaza shops in Delft: the changing face of township entrepreneurship (Working paper #6). Cape Town, South Africa: Sustainable Livelihoods Foundation & African Centre for Citizenship & Democracy.

ChinAfrica (report on the increasing presence of China in Africa): http://www.fastcompany.com/magazine/126/mozambique-a-chain-saw-for-every-tree.html?page=0%2C0

Collier, P. (2007). The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries Are Failing and What Can Be Done About it. Oxford University Press.

DeFilippis (2003). Unmaking Goliath: Community control in the face of global capital.

Gibson-Graham, J. K. (2003). An Ethics of the Local. Rethinking Marxism, 15(1), 49-74.

Hartwick, E., & Peet, R. (2003). Neoliberalism and Nature: The Case of the WTO. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 590(1), 188-211.

McLaren, P., & Farahmandpur, R. (2005). Teaching against global capitalism and the new imperialism: A critical pedagogy. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.

Peck, J., & Tickell, A. (2002). Neoliberalizing Space. Antipode, 34(3), 380-404.

Sen, A. K. (2002). Rationality and freedom. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press.

Shaffer, R., & Summers, G. F. (1989). Community economic development. In J. A. Christenson & J. W. Robinson (Eds.), Community development in perspective (1st ed., pp. 173-195). Iowa State Univer Press.

Warner, M., & Gerbasi, J. (2004). Rescaling and Reforming the State under NAFTA: Implications for Subnational Authority. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 28(4), 858-873.
3. 9/4: Economic Globalization, continued + microfinance, communication/technological development [e.g., cell phones, internet]

R&H Part III: What is Globalization? Attempts to Understand Economic Globalization-Introduction (pp. 155-159)

10. The New International Division of Labor in the World Economy (1980): Folker Fröbel, Jürgen Heinrichs, & Otto Kreye

11. The Informational Mode of Development and the Restructuring of Capitalism (1989): Manuel Castells

12. Cities in a World Economy (2000): Saskia Sassen

13. Globalization: Myths and Realities (1996): Philip McMichael

Morduch, J. (2011). Why Finance Matters. Science, 332, 1271-1272.

Palmer, N., & Perkins, D.D. (2012) Technological Democratization: The Potential Role of IT in Social and Political Transformation in China and Beyond. Perspectives on Global Development and Technology.

Karlan, D., & Zinman, J. (2011). Microcredit in Theory and Practice: Using Randomized Credit Scoring for Impact Evaluation. Science, 332, 1278-1284.

Kirsch, M. H. (Ed.) (2006). Inclusion and exclusion in the global arena. New York: Routledge.

Lee, J. C. (2004). Access, Self-Image, and Empowerment: Computer Training for Women Entrepreneurs in Costa Rica. Gender, Technology and Development, 8(2), 209-229.

Ritzer, G. (2007). The Blackwell companion to globalization. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Rossi, I. (2007). Frontiers of globalization research: Theoretical and methodological approaches. New York: Springer Science + Business Media.

Sassen, S. (1988). The mobility of labor and capital: A study in international investment and labor flow. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Sassen, S. (Ed.). (2002). Global networks, linked cities. New York: Routledge.

Sassen, S. (2006). Theoretical and empirical elements in the study of globalization. In M. H. Kirsch (Ed.), Inclusion and exclusion in the global arena (pp. 43-69). NY: Routledge.

Sassen, S. (2006). Territory, authority, rights: From medieval to global assemblages. Princeton U. Press.

Sassen, S. (Ed.). (2007). Deciphering the global: Its scales, spaces and subjects. NY: Routledge.

Sassen, S. (2007). Sociology of globalization (1st ed.). New York: W.W. Norton.

Short, J. R. (2001). Global dimensions: Space, place, and the contemporary world. London: Reaktion.

Sklair, L. (1999). Competing Conceptions of Globalization (Chapter 14 of Roberts & Hite)

Smith, J. H., & Mantz, J. W. (2006). Do cellular phones dream of civil war? The mystification of production and the consequences of technology fetishism in the eastern Congo. In M. H. Kirsch (Ed.), Inclusion and exclusion in the global arena. New York: Routledge.
4. 9/11: Part IV: The Opportunities and Limits of Unfettered Globalization-Intro: Roberts & Hite (pp.259-262)

16. In Defense of Global Capitalism (2003): Johan Norberg

17. What Strategies are Viable for Developing Countries Today?: The World Trade Organization and the Shrinking of 'Development Space' (2003): Robert H. Wade

18. Globalism's Discontents (2002): Joseph E. Stiglitz

19. The New Global Economy and Developing Countries: Making Openness Work (1999) and Has Globalization Gone too Far? (1997): Dani Rodrik

20. Industrial Convergence, Globalization, and the Persistence of the North-South Divide (1999): Giovanni Arrighi, Beverly J. Silver, and Benjamin Brewer

Appelbaum, R. P., & Robinson, W. I. (Eds.). (2005). Critical Globalization Studies. NY: Routledge.

DeFilippis (2003). Unmaking Goliath: Community control in the face of global capital.

Giddens, A. (2000). Runaway world: How globalization is reshaping our lives. NY: Routledge.

Sassen, S. (1996). Losing control?: Sovereignty in an age of globalization. NY: Columbia U. Press.

Sassen, S. (1998). Globalization and its discontents. New York: New Press.

5. 9/18: Political dimension [global governance, UN, continental/regional orgs, military alliances/ conflicts, post-conflict] AND Legal dimension [human rights, treaties, immigration law, migration controls...]

R&H Part V: Confronting Globalization- Introduction: Roberts and Hite

22. The Anti-Globalization Movement (2005): Jeffrey Sachs

24. Environmental Advocacy Networks (1997): Margaret Keck and Kathryn Sikkink

25. What Can We Expect from Global Labor Movements?: Five Commentaries (2002): Armbruster, Nash, Seidman, Ross, Appelbaum, Bickham-Mendez, & Bonacich

26. Transnational Solidarity: Women's Agency, Structural Adjustment, and Globalization (2002): Manisha Desai

27. Counter-Hegemonic Globalization: Transnational Social Movements in the Contemporary Global Political Economy (2005): Peter Evans

Nussbaum, Martha C. (2000). Women and human development: The capabilities approach (pp. 78-80, 101-110, 284-290, 298-303). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Alkire, Sabina. (2002). Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction. Oxford U. Press.

Bandy, J., & Smith, J. (Eds.)(2005). Coalitions across borders: Transnational protest and the neoliberal order. Rowman & Littlefield.

Chambers, R. (1997). Whose reality counts?: Putting the first last. London: Intermediate Technology Pub.

Clifford, R. (1994). Diasporas. Cultural Anthropology, 9(3), 302-338.

Darby, P. (Ed.). (2006). Postcolonizing the international: Working to change the way we are. U. Hawaii Press.

Drydyk, J. (2005). When Is Development More Democratic? Journal of Human Development, 6 2, 247-267.

Duffield, M. (2001): chapter 21. The New Development-Security Terrain. In Roberts & Hite (Eds.)

Gareau, B. J. (2008). Class consciousness or natural consciousness? Socionatural relations & the potential for social change: Suggestions from development in Southern Honduras. Rethinking Marxism, 20, 120-141.

Gills, B. K. (Ed.). (2000). Globalization and the politics of resistance. NY: St. Martin's Press.

Grey, M & A. Woodrick (2002). Unofficial Sister Cities: Meatpacking labor migration between Villachuato, Mexico and Marshalltown, Iowa. Human Organization, 61(4), 364-376.

Held, D. & McGrew, A. (2002). Reconstructing World Order: Towards Cosmopolitan Social Democracy (Ch. 23 of Roberts & Hite)

Huntington, S. (in Roberts & Hite): 4. The Change to Change: Modernization, Development and Politics (1971); and Political Order in Changing Societies (1968)

Jones, J. F., & Xu, Q. (2002). Grass-Roots Organization and Community Development: Evaluating the Chinese Urban Neighbourhood Committee. Regional Development Studies, 8, 99-117.

Kirby, W. C. (2004). Realms of freedom in modern China. Stanford University Press.

Krieger, J. (2006). Globalization and state power: A reader. New York: Pearson Longman.

Mallee, H. (2000). Migration, hukou and resistance in reform China. In E. J. Perry & M. Selden (Eds.), Chinese society: Change, conflict, and resistance (pp. 83-101). NY: Routledge.

Nussbaum, Martha Craven. (2011). Creating capabilities: The human development approach. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Prazniak, R., & Dirlik, A. (Eds.). (2001). Places and politics in an age of globalization. Rowman & Littlefield.

Sachs, J. D. (2005). The end of poverty: Economic possibilities for our time. NY: Penguin.

Sassen, S. (1999). Guests and aliens. New York: New Press.

Sen, A. K. (1999). Development as freedom. New York: Knopf. (SEE EXCERPTS LINKED TO E-RESERVES)

Wekerle, G. R. (2004). Food Justice Movements: Policy, Planning, and Networks. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 23(4), 378-386.

Wu, W. (2006). Migrant Intra-urban Residential Mobility in Urban China. Housing Studies, 21(5), 745-765.

Wu, X., & Treiman, D. J. (2004). The Household Registration System and Social Stratification in China: 1955-1996. Demography, 41(2), 363-384.

Xia, J. (2008). An empirical study on self-governing organizations in new-style urban communities. Social Sciences in China, 29(1), 171 - 180.

Xu, Y. (2008). Division of tasks and cooperation between government and the community: an essential condition for the reform & innovation of China's community-building system. Social Sciences in China, 29, 142-151.
6. 9/25: Socio-psychological dimension [social capital, empowerment]

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