Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in Braunau am Inn, Austria. His parents were Alois Hitler and Klara Pölzl Hitler. When Adolf Hitler was three years old, he and his family moved to Passau, Germany. In 1894, he moved to Leonding, Germany. While living here, he went to school in the neighboring town of Fischlham. After school each day Hitler would read a book that he found in his father's belongings about the Franco Prussian War. He soon became obsessed with warfare. As time moved on, they moved to Hafeld, Germany due to violent father son conflict, caused by Hitler's refusal to follow the strict disciplinary rules at his school. They only lived in Hafeld for a short time due the failure of Alois’ farming, so in 1897 they moved again. This time they moved to Lambach, Germany. While living in Lambach, Hitler attended a catholic school. On the walls of this school, there were engravings and crests that contained the swastika symbol (at that time was a symbol of peace). The swastika symbol later became the logo for the Nazi regime. In 1898 Hitler and his family moved for the final time back to Leonding, Germany.
Hitler was a very smart boy who did well in school, but on February 2nd 1898 after his brother, Edmund, died from measles, he was not the same. This loss greatly affected Hitler. He changed from being an outgoing and excellent student to a sad, detached, and upset boy who constantly fought with his father and teacher.
moved for the final time back to Leonding, Germany. Hitler was a very smart boy who did well in school, but on February 2nd 1898 after his brother, Edmund, died from measles, he was not the same. This loss greatly affected Hitler. He changed from being an outgoing and excellent student to a sad, detached, and upset boy who constantly fought with his father and teacher.
Soon it was time for Hitler to go to high school. Hitler wanted to go to a classic high school and study art, but instead his father sent him to a technical high school. While in this high school, Adolf became obsessed with German Nationalism. On January 3, 1903 Hitler's father died. He became very disruptive in school and was asked to leave. He wanted to go into the career of art, but was not able to get anywhere in this career. He then decided to join the military.
Rise to Power
Hitler became a soldier during World War I. During his time as a soldier he experienced many major combats. After his major combat experiences, Hitler received the Iron Cross (medal of bravery), second class in 1914. He also received the Iron Cross, first class and the Wound Badge(an award given to any soldier injured during WWI) in 1918.
After the war, Hitler became upset over the collapse of the war effort. This war experience made Hitler a passionate German patriot. In 1919 he was appointed intelligence agent of the reconnaissance commando of the Reichswehr. He decided to accept this position, both to influence other soldiers and to infiltrate the German Workers' Party (DAP). While studying the DAP he became impressed with the founder, Anton Drexler's antisemitic, nationalist, anti capitalist, and anti Marxist ideas. He believed in all those things, but in a non- Jewish version. Soon Drexler invited Hitler to join the DAP. Adolf Hitler joined the DAP on September 12, 1919, becoming the party's 55th member. While being a part of the DAP, Hitler met one of the early founders of the DAP named Dietrich Eckart. Dietrich became Hitler's mentor and friend. Soon after, the party changed its name to the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP). The flag for this party was designed by Adolf Hitler. This design was a swastika in a white circle on a red background.
In 1920 he was discharged from the army and spent his full time with the NSDAP. In 1921, Adolf Hitler became the chairman of the NSDAP. As the chairman, Hitler had much more power, so one of the first things he wanted to do was stage a “March on Berlin” similar to Benito Musselini's “March on Rome”. With the help of Erich Ludendorff he planned this “March on Berlin”. For this attack, Hitler wanted the support from state commissioner, Gustav von Kahr, police chief, Hans Ritter von Seisser, and Reichswehr general Otto von Lossow. The problem with this was that they all wanted to install a nationalist dictatorship without Adolf Hitler. Finally on November 8, 1923, Hitler and the SA stormed a public meeting of 3000 people that had been organized by Gustav von Kahr. Hitler interrupted Kahr's speech and announced that the national revolution had begun, declaring the formation of a new government with Ludendorff. Hitler then drew a handgun and forced Kahr, Lossow, and Seisser to support him. He then went to the Bavarian War Ministry to overthrow the Bavarian government. During this attempt to overthrow the government, four police officers were killed and Hitler was eventually arrested. He was arrested on November 11, 1923 for high treason. He was then released from jail on December 20, 1924 after the Supreme Court issued a pardon (ticket out of jail).
The Great Depression in Germany was really affecting the people of Germany at the time Hitler was released from jail. He used this to rebuild the NSDAP. He was promising people jobs and that him and the NSDAP would help them. This made Hitler and the NSDAP very popular. He eventually ran against Paul von Hindenburg for chancellor in 1932 and won. He was appointed chancellor of Germany by the former chancellor, Paul von Hindenburg on January 30, 1933. Adolf Hitler would be the new Chancellor of Germany.
After the President of Germany, Paul von Hindenburg, died on August 2, 1934, Adolf Hitler also became the President of Germany or the Führer. During his time as the leader of Germany, he created the Nazi party, whose flag was the former NSDAP flag of the swastika in a white circle on a red background. During his presidency he carried out something called the Final Solution. The Final Solution was Germany's plan to kill all European Jews. It was a plan to start a huge genocide. Adolf Hitler called it the Final Solution of the Jewish question. Before the decision was made to act on the Final Solution, many Jews were already being killed. The final decision to act on the Final Solution was made at the Wansee Conference in Berlin on January 20, 1942. Soon after the decision was made the Babi Yar massacre was executed.
At the Posen Conference on October 6, 1943, for the first time it was clearly stated that he Final Solution meant that all Jews would be killed. During the time Adolf Hitler was in power many concentration camps were made to kill the Jewish people. This was him and the Nazis carrying out the Final Solution.
The Death of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler started World War 2 by violating the Treaty of Versailles. He stationed German troops in Rhineland, which was off limits for Germany due to the treaty. Hitler then also attacked Poland. During the war Germany was part of the Axis with Italy, Japan, and many other countries. They fought against the Allies, which consisted of the United States, Great Britain, France, and many other countries. The Axis was in control for a long time, but by late 1944, the allies had driven Germany back into Western Europe. Hitler realized that he was going to lose the war.
Knowing that he had a very little chance left to seize control of the war, he ordered a series of attacks against the Russians, who had almost infiltrated Berlin at the time. When Hitler met with them to ask about the success of these attacks, he found out the attacks had not been carried out in the first place. He told the generals that the war had been lost and that he would stay in Berlin and commit suicide before the Allies captured him. Before he went to his bunker, he found out that Himmler, who was the head of the German Police, was trying to negotiate peace with the Allies. When Hitler found out, he ordered that Himmler be arrested. Hitler also had Himmler's SS Representative, Hermann Fegelein shot. On April 29, 1945 at midnight, Hitler got married to Eva Braun in his Führerbunker. By mid day, the Allies were only a few blocks away from the Reich Chancellery in Berlin, where Hitler was. Hitler found out that day that the leader of Italy, Benito Musselini had been killed. Hitler and his wife then committed suicide.
The Hitler Youth
The Hitler Youth was a group of young German children ages 10- 18 who worshiped Adolph Hitler and his cause. They did many things for the Nazi Party. They also never gave up even when the war was lost for Germany, they still kept fighting. They were always loyal to Germany and to the Nazis. They were like Hitler's children and whatever he told them to do, they did it. The children in the Hitler Youth were essentially brainwashed into thinking that everything that Hitler did was good and that Hitler was the greatest. These children grew up being taught these ideas and concepts of the Hitler Youth.
Germany eventually surrendered to the Allies on May 2, 1945. This was the end of World War 2 for the country of Germany. At the end of World War 2 over 40 million people killed including 27 million people who were from the Soviet Union. A lot of the people killed were Jews. They were prosecuted and brutally murdered during the Holocaust. This was a terrible period of time where many different people lost their lives because in Hitler's eyes, they were not “perfect”. During the Holocaust, not just Jewish people were murdered. Homosexuals, blacks, disabled, gypsies, and many other people were also murdered during this horrific period of time. This was one of the darkest time periods in history and I hope and probably everyone else hopes that this will never happen again.