Every schoolboy knows that the Revolutionary War was fought against the colonial system of Europe. No power is given to the federal government to acquire territory to be held as colonies.
HENRY CABOT LODGE
Suppose we reject the Treaty. We continue the state of war. We repudiate the President. We are branded as a people incapable of taking rank as one of the greatest of world powers!
The debate was not confined to Senate chambers. Among those who spoke out against the Treaty were leaders of the Democratic opposition.
When the desire to steal becomes uncontrollable in an individual he is declared to be a kleptomaniac; when the desire to grab land becomes uncontrollable in a nation we are told that “the currents of destiny are flowing in the hearts of men.”
They don’t think it’s possible for a democracy to be an empire, that trying to rule an empire thousands of mile abroad, they’re convinced, will corrupt American democratic institutions. But they also can’t imagine absorbing the people of the Philippines in any form into the American republic.
Is the Republic to remain one homogeneous whole, one united people, or to become a scattered and disjointed aggregate of widely separated and alien races? Steel magnate Andrew Carnegie.
Part of the treaty terms with Spain included $20 million for the Philippines. Carnegie, apparently sincerely, offered to pull out his checkbook and write a check to the United States government for $20 million and in return for which he wanted McKinley to give the Philippines, uh, their independence.