Separation of Powers: The division of government into executive, legislative and judicial branches which are equal in power.
Checks and Balances: The system that allows each of the three branches of the government to check the actions of the other two branches.
• Explain how parts of the U.S. Constitution (including the Bill of Rights) limit powers of the government in order to protect the rights of individuals.
• Explain how the Northwest Ordinance established principles and procedures for the orderly expansion of the United States.
• Describe the process by which a bill becomes a law.
Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities
What this means: Preparing to become active citizens. • Explain how the opportunities for civic participation increased during the first half of the 19th century.
• Evaluate the role of historical figures and political bodies and the impact they had on the rights of individuals.
• Show connections between the rights and responsibilities of citizenship including:
What this means: Collecting information, organizing it and using it to make decisions. • Compare the accuracy of the point of view of fiction and nonfiction sources about a particular event or era.
• Write a position paper or give a presentation that includes citations of sources.
• Organize and lead a discussion.
• Identify ways to manage conflict with a group.