History of the christian church

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Si Deum omnia posse credis, et hoc consequitur ut credas; nec humanis disputationibus discernere curiosus insistes, si creaturas quas de nihilo potuit creare, has ipsas multo magis valeat in excellentioris naturae dignitatem convertere, et in sui corporis substantiam transfundere." The last phrase is nearly equivalent to transubstantiation.

71517 Epistolae, Migne, l.c. col. 189-278. Giesebrecht, Damberger, and Werner have analyzed and made much use of them.

81518 Sermones ad populum. Ibid. col. 317-340.

91519 Hymni et carmina ecclesiastica. Ibid. col. 339-352. See above, 96, p. 433.

01520 Vita S. Autberti, Cameracensis episcopi. Ibid. col. 355-368.

1521 Ep. V. (formerly Ep. 1, in Migne, col. 196 sqq.) De tribus quae sunt necessaria ad profectum Christianae religionis, from the year 1007, addressed to his metropolitan superior. See the extract on the eucharist above, p. 784, note 3.

21522 i.e. Calvus, Kahlkopf, Baldhead. His proper name was Rodulfus or Radulphus. Ceillier (l.c. p. 143): "Rodulphe ou Raoul, surnommé Glaber parce qu’il était chauve et sans poil."

31523 This is the judgment of Waitz (Mon. Germ. VII. 49), and Giesebrecht (II. 567). Wattenbach (Deutschlands Geschichtsquellen, first ed., 1858, p. 322) calls it "ein Werk voll merkwürdiger Dinge, und mannigfach belehrend, aber ohne festen Plan und chronologische Ordnung."

41524 The Vita S. Guillelmi or Willelmi, in Migne, l.c. col. 701-720.

51525 Hamburg was the original seat of the Northern episcopate, and remained so nominally, but owing to the constant irruptions of the Wends and Normans, it was transferred to Bremen.

61526 Lappenberg gives a full account of all his sources.

71527 Wattenbach (p. 254): Sein Vorbild ist besonders Sallust, der in den Schulen vorzugeweise gelesen wurde und darum auch eine übergrossen Einfluss auf den Stil der Zeit übte" He adds (p. 255): "Jede gewissenhafte Forschung geht auf Adam zurück und seine Autorität stand von Anfang an mit Recht in hohem Ansehen."

81528 Lappenberg (in Mon. Gem. VII. 267): "Paucissimi sane sunt inter medii aevi historicos, qui rerum traditarum gravitate, perspicuitate, iudicii ingenuitate, fontium scriptorum cognitione, sermonium ore traditorum accurata perceptione ita emineant, ut Adamus, magister scolarum Bremensis."

91529 There are several distinguished persons of that name, (a) Damianus, brother of Cosmas; they were physicians in Sicily who took no fees, and died as "silverless" martyrs of the Diocletian persecution (303), and became the patrons of physicians and druggists throughout the middle ages. The Greeks distinguish three pairs of these brothers. (b) Damianus, patriarch of Alexandria, d. 601, who leaned to Sabellianism and Monophysitism. (c) D., bishop of Pavia, who drew up a confession of faith against the Monothelites, A.D. 679.

01530 As Eusebius called himself Pamphili after his friend and patron Pamphilus,

1531 See above, p. 366 sqq.

21532 See Damiani’s account in Vita Dominici Loricati, c. 10, in Migne, I. 1017.

31533 St. Dominic, the founder of the order of the Dominicans (1170-1221), is said to have scourged himself every night three times, first for himself, then for his contemporaries, and last for the souls in purgatory.

41534 Boileau, Historia Flagellantium, Paris, 1700; Förstemann, Die christl. Geisslergesellschaften, Halle, 1828; Cooper, Flagellation and the Flagellants, London, 1870. 3d ed., 1877.

51535 Or Cadalus, bishop of Parma, very rich and guilty of simony.

61536 In two of his best epigrams, he says of Hildebrand (Migne, II. 961, 967):

"Vivere vis Romae, clara depromito voce:

Plus Domino papae quam Domno pareo papae.

* * * * * * *

Papam rite colo, sed te prostratus adoro:

Tu facis hunc Dominum; te facit iste Deum."

71537 Migne, I. 506-924.

81538 Migne, 925-1024.

91539 II. 20 sqq. and 595 sqq.

01540 II. 159-190.

1541 II. 99 sqq.

21542 II. 191 sqq.

31543 II. 571 sqq.

41544 II. 590 sqq.

51545 II. 979 sqq.

61546 II. 892 sqq. and 985 sqq.

71547 II. 918 sqq.

81548 II. 862. See above, p. 431 sq.

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