Most papers were published by printers who had to set the type by hand (letter by letter), then print them on clumsy, bulky presses.
The ___________________________ was just around the corner, and soon newspapers joined in the never-ending race for better technology.
The Penny Press:
Reached a mass audience because it was so inexpensive and was distributed by street sales rather than by ___________________.
The audience was mainly the new working class of the_____________________.
Because of the larger audience, ___________________ took on a major role.
1833: ______________________ founded the New York Sun.
While most earlier newspapers carried little actual news, instead filling the pages with opinions, essays, letters, and a few advertisements, Day filled the Sun with news and sold it for a _______________.
Its weekly edition had more than _________________ subscribers.
1848: The _______________________ , providing the first wire service, was founded.
Originally, the AP served 6 newspapers.
1849: The Harbor News Association, a news gathering service, is founded.
This service takes advantage of the newest technology, the _______________ , to sell news to papers that subscribed to it.
This service became known as a ___________________.
1851: The New York Times was founded by ___________________.
The Times is considered by many professional journalists to still be the best newspaper in the country.
From the beginning it set a standard for fairness and accuracy in reporting.
1861: Newswriting and news coverage began to change once reporters at ______________________ battlesites made use of the ________________ , which had been invented 18 years earlier.
To make sure that the outcome of a battle got into a story in case the telegraph broke down during transmission, reporters became more concise and developed the _____________________________ format of writing: giving the most important facts in the first few sentences.
_____________________________: an unethical, irresponsible brand of journalism involving hoaxes, altered photographs, screaming headlines, frauds, and endless self-promotions by the papers.
The most notable of the yellow journalists were ________________________ , publisher of the New York Journal, and _______________________ , publisher of the New York World.
Competition between these two men was fierce.
Both attracted huge audiences, and with the competition, their circulations both rose dramatically.
Characteristics of Yellow Journalism:
_________________ – excessively large type, in red or black, screaming excitement
Lavish use of __________ -- some without significance, some faked
Fraudulent stories – faked ______________ and stories, misleading headlines
Sunday supplement – color comics and sensational articles