History of Japan Paleolithic 35000–10000 bce jōmon period 10000–300 bce yayoi period 300 bce–250 ce kofun period



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Wikipedia contributors. Kofun period [Internet]. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia; 2007 Aug 19, 01:29 UTC [cited 2007 Aug 21]. Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kofun_period&oldid=152153075.

Kofun period

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History of Japan

  • Paleolithic 35000–10000 BCE

  • Jōmon period 10000–300 BCE

  • Yayoi period 300 BCE–250 CE

  • Kofun period 250–538

  • Asuka period 538–710

  • Nara period 710–794

  • Heian period 794–1185

  • Kamakura period 1185–1333

    • Kemmu restoration 1333–1336

  • Muromachi period 1336–1573

    • Nanboku-chō period 1336–1392

    • Sengoku period

  • Azuchi-Momoyama period 1568–1603

    • Nanban trade

  • Edo period 1603–1868

  • Meiji period 1868–1912

    • Meiji Restoration

  • Taishō period 1912–1926

    • Japan in WWI

  • Shōwa period 1926–1989

    • Japanese expansionism

    • Occupied Japan

    • Post-Occupation Japan

  • Heisei 1989-present

  • Economic history

  • Educational history

  • Military history

  • Naval history

Glossary

The Kofun period (古墳時代, Kofun-jidai?) is an era in the history of Japan from around 250 to 538. The word kofun is Japanese for the type of burial mounds dating from this era. The Kofun period follows the Yayoi period. The Kofun and the subsequent Asuka periods are sometimes referred to collectively as the Yamato period.

Generally, the Kofun period is divided from the Asuka period for its cultural differences. The Kofun period is illustrated by an animistic culture which existed prior to the introduction of Buddhism. Politically, the establishment of the Yamato court, and its expansion as allied states from Kyūshū to the Kantō are key factors in defining the period. Also, the Kofun period is the oldest era of recorded history in Japan. However, as the chronology of the historical sources are very much distorted, studies of this age require deliberate criticism and the aid of archaeology.



The archaeological record, and ancient Chinese sources, indicate that the various tribes and chiefdoms of Japan did not begin to coalesce into states until 300, when large tombs began to appear while there were no contacts between western Japan and China. Some describe the "mysterious century" as a time of internecine warfare as various chiefdoms competed for hegemony on Kyūshū and Honshū.[1]



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