History of Christianity Study Guide for Test

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History of Christianity

Study Guide for Test

Students, I hope you have enjoyed this semester of studying the history of Christianity. For your test this week you are accountable for (1) this last section of material (what we have called the “modern” period; and (2) selected material from all that we have covered earlier. Here is a study guide that might help!
Take care,
Brad Green

1. What were some of the key insights from the opening lecture on "Theological
Reflections on History?
2. Different answers to the question: "When does Church History  start?"
3. What three major "streams" feed into the Church's original formation?
4. The major empires/ruling authorities from the 8th ct. B.C. to the 1st ct.
5. What three common realities mark the Roman Empire?
6. The common philosophies and religions of the Greek and Roman world?
7. The four key Jewish religious groups?
8. The Apostolic Fathers (especially Polycarp). Whom did Polycarp know? What
did he see when threatened with martyrdom.
9. Greek Apologists (especially Justin Martyr).
10. The key Roman emperors.
11. The rapid growth of Christianity.   
12. Tertullian--a key western theologian, and something of his thought.
13. Origen--a key eastern theologian, and something of his thought.
14. Arianism
15. Athanasius and his response to Arianism
16. The Council of Nicea (and all of the first ecumenical councils--to be
covered Tuesday)
15. Constantine (to be covered Tuesday).
16. Ambrose of Milan
17. Augustine—contours of his life
18. Augustine—three key ?moments?/turning points in his intellectual
19. Augustine—three key controversies (Donatism, Pelagianism, City of God)
20. Augustine—know his responses to critics in City of God
21. John Chrysostom—importance, nickname
22. Jerome—significance; the Vulgate; monasticism; apocrypha
23. “Christ and the Councils” Chart—know this.
24. Significance of A.D. 476.
25. As Roman Empire is falling, who are the key players?
        (1) Various Germanic tribes
        (2) Asian Huns?from East
        (3) Roman Empire
26. Visigoths eventually converted to what strand of Christianity?
27. Alaric and the Visigoths
28. Romulus Augustulus

29. Boethius
30. Justinian the Great
31. (St.) Benedict of Nursia
32. Gregory the Great and the Papacy
33. Augustine of Canterbury
34. The conversion of the Celts
35. St. Patrick
36. Columba
37. Venerable the Bede
38. The last three ecumenical councils
39. Islam—its origin
40. Muhammad
42. Five pillars of Islam
43. Islam’s three-fold authority
44. Avicenna
45. Averroes
46. Charlemagne
47. The Holy Roman Empire
48. The Byzantine Empire

  1. Avicenna

  2. Averroes

  3. Charlemagne

  4. The Holy Roman Empire

  5. The Byzantine Empire

  6. Alcuin of York

  7. “et rex et sacerdos”

  8. “sacred kingship”

  9. High mass and low mass

  10. Benedict of Aniane

  11. Gottschalk and controversy surrounding him

  12. John Scotus Erigna

  13. Agobard of Lyons

  14. Papalism versus imperialism

  15. Three military threats to Christian Europe around A.D. 900/1000

  16. Leo the Isaurian

  17. Iconoclastic Controversy

  18. Key elements of Eastern worship (including architecture, worship style, etc.)

  19. John of Damascus

  20. “Iconodule” and “iconoclast”

  21. Photius

  22. Filioque controversy

  23. Thomas Aquinas

  24. Peter Abelard

Renaissance Reformation

  1. Timothy George’s three marks of the Middle Ages

  2. Marks of the Renaissance

  3. Petrarch

  4. Humanism and Scholasticism

  5. Peter

  6. Jon Wycliffe

  7. Jan Hus

  8. William Tyndale

  9. Martin Luther

  10. Luther on the Lord’s Supper

  11. Luther on Baptism

  12. Melanchthon

  13. John Calvin

  14. Knowledge of God, knowledge of self

  15. Jacopo Sadoleto

  16. Calvin’s response to Sadoleto

  17. The structure of Calvin’s Institutes

  18. Menno Simons

  19. Key elements of Anabaptist theology and thought

  20. John Knox

  21. Knox on civil government

  22. Thomas Cranmer, Hugh Latimer, and Nicholas Ridley


  1. Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion

  2. Thirty Years War

  3. Peace of Westphalia

  4. Lutheran Scholasticism

  5. Martin Chemnitz

  6. Pietism

  7. Jacob Spener and Pia Desideria

  8. University of Halle

  9. Birth of Protestant Missionary Movement

  10. Frederick IV of Denmark

  11. Reformed Scholasticism

  12. Thedore Beza

  13. Gisbert Voetius and Rene Descartes

  14. Joannes Cocceius and Covenant Theology

  15. Jacob Arminius

  16. Synod of Dordt

  17. Puritans and Puritanism

  18. Elizabethan Settlement

  19. Puritans and Separatists (what is the difference?)

  20. Hampton Court Conference

  21. Smith and Helwys

  22. John Robinson/Leyden/trip to America

  23. William Bradford and the Mayflower

  24. King Charles I

  25. Oliver Cromwell

  26. 1660: Restoration of Monarchy

  27. 1662: Act of Uniformity

  28. Jesuits and Ignatius of Loyola

  29. St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

  30. Edict of Nantes

  31. Revocation of the Edict of Nantes

  32. Blaise Pascal and the Jansenists

  33. Jonathan Edwards and the First Great Awakening

  34. John and Charles Wesley

  35. Second Great Awakening and Charles Finney

  36. Friedrich Schleiermacher and birth of Protestant Liberalism

  37. Adolf von Harnack and What is Christianity?

  38. Harry Emerson Fosdick and “Shall the Fundamentalists Win?”

  39. J. Gresham Machen and Old Princeton

  40. Machen’s Christianity and Liberalism

  41. Fundamentalist/Modernist Controversy

  42. The five fundamentals

  43. R. A. Torrey and The Fundamentals

  44. Fuller Seminary

  45. Carl Henry

  46. Billy Graham

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