President Andrew Johnson differed with the Radical Republicans in Congress on how to reconstruct the South. This eventually led to his impeachment.
President Ulysses S. Grantfought against the Ku Klux Klan during his presidency asking Congress to pass tough laws against the Klan.
Westward Expansion Ethnocentrism is the belief that one’s own ethnic group is superior to other ethnic groups.
Assimilation was the U.S policy of asking the Native Americans to give up their beliefs and way of life in order to become part of the white culture.
The Dawes Acts was a bill that “Americanized” Native Americans by granting individual acres of land and requiring schooling.
The Homestead Act 1862 gave free land (160 acres) to any American if they would live on it and cultivate it for five years.
Increased populations in the west, the displacement of Native Americans and the establishment of time zones were all a result of the Transcontinental Railroad.
The Irish immigrants left Europe due to food shortages and were drawn to the U.S. by economic opportunities.
During the 1860’s, a transcontinental railroad was constructed mainly using the labor of Irish and Chinese immigrants.
By the late 1890’s the transcontinental railroad connected America from east to west at Promontory Point, Utah, making transportation of goods and people more efficient.
In response to Lieutenant Custer’s defeat at the Battle of Little Bighorn, the U.S Government increased military action against the Native Americans leading to the devastation of many Native American cultures.
The Massacre at Wounded Knee was the end of the Indian Wars and their resistance in the west.