History 10b learning outcomes forming of a Nation

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Ulysses S. Grant’s leadership of the Union Army at the end of the Civil War preserved the Union.

  • The first shots of the Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter in South Carolina.

  • The first major battle was fought at Bull Run Creek near Manassas, Virginia.

  • The Battle at Antietam was the deadliest single day in American history with 25,000 casualties.

  • The 3 day battle at Gettysburg was the worst battle in American history and was a major turning point in the Civil War.

  • Grant’s victorious siege at Vicksburg gave the Union forces complete control of the Mississippi River.

  • The Emancipation Proclamation, issued by Lincoln after the perceived Union victory at Antietam, intended to free all slaves in states rebelling against the Union.

  • The 54th Massachusetts was one of the first African American regiments formed after blacks were allowed to fight for the Union as a result of the Emancipation Proclamation.

  • Total war is when war is waged on the opposing military and their populace, as was seen in General William T. Sherman’s March to the Sea.

  • The final surrender of Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army to Grant occurred in 1865 at Appomattox Court House, Virginia.

  • President Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth just 5 days after the South’s surrender.


    1. The period after the Civil War in which the South was being rebuilt and readmitted into the Union was known as Reconstruction.

    2. The 13th Amendment ended slavery.

    3. The 14th Amendment gave citizenship to African-American men.

    4. The 15th Amendment guaranteed voting rights to African-American men.

    5. The Freedman’s Bureau was a federal government agency that helped newly freed slaves find jobs and gain an education.

    6. Northerners who went south after the Civil War for financial and political gain were known as carpetbaggers.

    7. The Black Codes were laws passed by Southern states that limited the freedom of former slaves.

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