In his Farewell Address, George Washington advised the nation to stay out of foreign affairs (supported the policy of neutrality) and to avoid dividing into political parties.
The Second Great Awakening was a religious revival in the late 1790’s and early 1800’s which encourage reforms to better society.
The Alien and Sedition Acts made it more difficult to become a citizen and illegal to slander (or criticize) the government.
The principal of judicial review, established in the case of Marbury v. Madison, states that the Supreme Court has the final say in interpreting the Constitution.
John Marshall was the longest serving Chief Justice who presided over the court for 30+ years and played an important role in the developing power of the Supreme Court. Made the decision in the case of Marbury v. Madison