History 105 Quiz Questions Lisa m lane Spring 2012 Quiz 1: Pre-history and Celtic Britain

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History 105 Quiz Questions

Lisa M Lane

Spring 2012
Quiz 1: Pre-history and Celtic Britain
The Bronze Age marked a change in belief systems exemplified by: [p 26]

A. single burial

B. circular henge monuments

C. agricultural goddesses

D. stone axes
The spread of belief systems around Britain during the Bronze Age was facilitated by all of the following EXCEPT: [p 27]

A. demand for goods like copper, tin and amber

B. trade among regions

C. Christian missionaries

D. increased communication and flow of ideas along trade routes
All of the following suggest increased social stress during the Bronze Age EXCEPT: [p 29]

A. the transfer from barley to wheat farming

B. enclosed and defended settlements

C. population increase

D. caches of bronze weaponry
It is no longer believed that during the Iron Age: [p 30-31]

A. hill forts were constructed throughout southeastern Britain

B. small homesteads dotted the landscape

C. waves of Celts crossed from Europe and began colonizing Britain

D. Britain had contact with the continent
During the Iron Age, contact among diverse communities would have been most encouraged by: [p 31]

A. trade in surplus agricultural goods

B. the production of iron tools

C. coastal exploration

D. Celtic migration
Patterns of hill forts in the South Downs indicates that they were occupied: [p 34-35]

A. briefly, then abandoned due to attack

B. by small military groups

C. as small units of less than 3 acres

D. for many years
The term "neolithic" refers to the:

A. New Stone Age.

B. Old Stone Age.

C. the timeframe of Kent's Cavern.

D. the Iron Age.
Which is the correct order of these peoples' arrival in Britain?

A. Pretani, Marnian, Belgae

B. Iron Age B, Belgae, Pretani

C. Marnian, Iron Age A, Iron Age B

D. Belgae, Pretani, Marnian
In the web lecture, I noted the Celtic warp-weighted loom because it's my intention to track the history of wool. Why?

A. because it would become the source of British wealth and power

B. because the sheep in England would all die out by the 4th century

C. to show the primitive nature of Celtic life

D. because it is unusual, since no one wore woolen cloth
One of the great advances in agriculture during the Iron Age was:

A. the planting of corn

B. the transplanting of Roman grapevines

C. cross-plouged Celtic squares to conserve water

D. the use of manure
The lecture notes that Caesar never used the word "Celtae" to refer to the local British population, only to the Gallic tribes. We use it because:

A. other Romans used the term.

B. it was a name based on the tribe at Maiden Castle.

C. a linguistic connection exists between the Britons and Gallic peoples called Celtae by Caesar.

D. later historians invented the term.
Quiz 2: Roman and Anglo-Saxon Britain
A new and possibly anti-Roman nationalism in younger southern English leaders like Caratacus may have been influenced by: [p 38]

A. the Celts

B. Druid priests

C. Germanic tribes

D. the Iceni
Shelter for Caractacus against the Romans was refused by: [p 40]

A. Queen Cartimandua

B. Queen Boudicca

C. Cunobelinus

D. Prasutagus
The rebellion of this leader made it clear to the Romans they needed to revise their British tribal policy: [p 40]

A. Agricola

B. Cartimandua

C. Tacitus

D. Boudica
Our knowledge of Agricola's governorship under three emperors comes from: [p 40]

A. Tacitus' biography of him

B. the records of the Caledonians

C. remains near Chichester

D. Domitian's diary
Evidence that the Atrebatic territory provided a secure base for the Roman army includes all of the following EXCEPT: [p 41]

A. excavations at Fishbourne

B. the status of the Regnenses

C. camps at Thomshill and Cawdor

D. a dedication to the gods Neptune and Minerva
It is suggested that Hadrian's Wall: [p 42-43]

A. contained individual forts more important than the wall itself

B. served no useful purpose

C. marks the furthest northern extent of Roman activity

D. was never penetrated by the "barbarians"
Roman economy and society in Britain: [p 44-45]

A. had little influence in southern England

B. created political and cultural opportunities for some Britons

C. was seen in towns that rivaled those in Italy

D. avoided contact with local leaders
The third and fourth centuries in Britain: [p 46]

A. were an era of long, slow decline

B. were a time of unity of the entire eastern island

C. saw no new fortifications built

D. was a time of uneven development and disturbance
New enemies at the end of the Roman period included: [p 46]

A. Picts

B. Anglo-Saxons

C. southeastern tribes

D. Gauls
Evidence of Christianity in Late Roman Britain includes all of the following EXCEPT: [p 48]

A. a temple complex to Nodens

B. basilica-type constructions inside forts

C. a collection of plate from Water Newton

D. mosaics from Hinton St. Mary
During the Anglo-Saxon attacks, there seemed to be a common goal of: [p 49]

A. counterattack

B. saving Christianity

C. retaining Romanised culture

D. adopting Anglo-Saxon culture
The earliest activity associated with Londinium was probably: [p 50]

A. trade related

B. administrative

C. military

D. agricultural
Even after a major fire in 130, the building of gates (Ludgate, Newgate, etc) indicates: [p 51]

A. continuing commercial life

B. connections to Rome

C. ongoing attack from outside

D. the importance of using stone instead of timber
After Roman legions left, Britain consisted primarily of: [p 52]

A. Church-owned regions

B. three large administrative units

C. petty kingdoms of Celtic or German origin

D. old forts filled with local people
The significance of the arrival of the Anglo-Saxons: [p 54]

A. was the filling of the void left by the Romans

B. caused the destruction of Celtic culture

C. was relatively small

D. is interpreted differently by different cultural groups
In the context of the time following Roman abandonment of Britain, it would make sense to portray King Arthur as any of the following EXCEPT: [p 54]

A. a newly arrived Anglo-Saxon

B. Celtic

C. Christian

D. Romano-British
Anglo-Saxon armor and armaments were [p 56-57]

A. inferior to those of the natives

B. status symbols of a warrior aristocracy

C. mysteriously absent from the Sutton Hoo site

D. found only in towns
Which of the following kingdoms was most successful in expanding during the 7th century?: [p 58 map]

A. Mercia

B. East Anglia

C. Wessex

D. Lindsey
Early medieval kings legitimized their power by: [p 60]

A. fighting the Christian church

B. resisting the Vikings

C. collecting religious relics

D. choosing sites of ancient power
Viking attacks in the 9th century led to the final survival of only one Anglo-Saxon kingdom: [p 61]

A. Wessex

B. Mercia

C. East Anglia

D. Northumbria
Lindisfarne is a good example of: [p 62-63]

A. a Viking settlement

B. a coastal monastery attacked by Vikings

C. how to resist Viking attack

D. an isolated island
The Danish pirate raids tended to focus on: [p 63 map]

A. Ireland

B. the Orkney Islands

C. Scotia (Scotland)

D. England
New Scandinavian settlers in Britain: [p 64]

A. were assimilated into the local culture in most areas

B. brought a dominant culture and language that undermine local custom

C. created settlements separate from the local culture

D. avoided Ireland, leaving the local culture intact
Viking York was referred to as: [p 66-67]

A. Ouse

B. Foss

C. York

D. Jorvik
The most long-standing contribution of the Romans was:

A. baths.

B. roads.

C. Christianity.

D. the great villas.
Boudicca was:

A. an ineffective leader.

B. abandoned by her tribe because she was female.

C. successful against the Romans until they finally put down her rebellion.

D. Roman.
New words related to farming and recreation came with:

A. the Anglo-Saxons.

B. the Romans.

C. Afred the Great.

D. the Latin Church.
The Celtic tribes, the Romans, and the Anglo-Saxons:

A. had in common traditions of hospitality and greatness in war.

B. all allowed women substantial freedom.

C. were all conquered by the Iceni.

D. all emphasized farming and artistic achievement.
Which of the following was NOT a Roman town?

A. Londinium.

B. York.

C. Cardiff.

D. Gloucester.


Quiz 3: Norman England
While Bede presented a narrative of the unity of England in his 8th century Ecclesiastical History of the English People that is seen as having been achieved by Alfred and his successors, the newer interpretation takes into account: [p 68-70]

A. the letters of Pope Gregory the Great

B. the complexities of war and politics

C. resistance by the Celts

D. Viking influence
The likely true attitude of the Welsh to English rule was: [p 70]

A. expressed in Armes Prydein Vawr

B. one of acceptance

C. determination to ally with the Scots

D. favor toward Scandinavian rulers
10th century Britain was unified by all of the following EXCEPT: [p 71]

A. a single king

B. a uniform coinage

C. the shire system

D. kings and agents maintaining law and order
Considering the rule of Scandinavian kings in the 10th century, the Norman invasion in the 11th was: [p 72]

A. surprising and unexpected

B. unopposed

C. not very influential

D. expected but resisted
William the Conqueror's harsh rule led to all of the following EXCEPT: [p 73-74]

A. resistance on the part of the Anglo-Saxon elite

B. William turning over certain areas to trusted advisors

C. his conquest of Scotland

D. the use of local rulers in Wales
Feudalism under William the Conqueror meant all of the following EXCEPT: [p 74]

A. disputes with the pope

B. the old elite in England being disenfranchised

C. a French-speaking elite

D. England technically being under the French king
The document recording all landholders and their property under William the Conqueror was called: [p 74]

A. Armes Prydein Vawr

B. The Ecclesiastical History of the English People

C. St Cuthbert's Revenge

D. The Domesday Book
Confusion in leadership was caused when: [p 75]

A. the empress Matilda inherited England

B. Henry I married the daughter of a Scot leader

C. Edgar succeeded to the throne of Scotland

D. Henry compromised with his brother Robert
From large to small, the ecclesiastical units in medieval Britain were: [p 76-77]

A. bishopric, diocese, parish

B. archbishopric, bishopric, parish

C. parish, diocese, nunnery

D. monastery, parish, diocese
The first college to become a true university in England was: [p 78]

A. Glasgow

B. Cambridge

C. Oxford

D. St Andrews
The rise of the Cistercian monasteries was the result of: [p 78]

A. increasing focus on sheep farming

B. patronage from Westminster

C. the growth of cathedral schools

D. a need to reform the Benedictine houses
Henry II's French lands were: [p 80]

A. larger than those of the king of France

B. lost early in his reign

C. given to his son John

D. occupied by Denmark
Henry II's marriage to Eleanor gained him: [p 81 map]

A. Brittany

B. Aquitaine

C. Normandy

D. England
Although Henry II's plans were thwarted by his sons, his great contribution remains: [p 80]

A. the defeat of Scotland

B. the murder of Thomas Becket and thus victory over the Church

C. victory over Philip II

D. the creation of English Common Law
The blame for the end of the Angevin Empire can clearly be attributed to: [p 83]

A. Henry II

B. Richard the Lionheart

C. Geoffrey Plantagenet

D. John I
Which of the following was NOT a sign of the frustration of the barons at King John's rule?: [p 83]

A. the wounding of Richard I

B. Magna Carta

C. King Louis being offered the throne

D. support for Henry III
The Crusades were fought with the intent of: [p 85]

A. uniting Europe

B. supporting the pope

C. claiming Jerusalem for the Christian Church

D. tying the crown to church revenues
Castles finally became impractical for defense due to: [p 87]

A. sieges, which depleted supplies

B. stone being unavailable for walls

C. all the people living inside

D. the development of cannon
The earliest castles, built in the 11th century, were concentrated in: [p 86 map]

A. south and east England

B. Scotland

C. Ireland

D. northern England
The conflict between Henry III and Llewelyn pa Gruffudd: [p 88]

A. forced Henry to pay and indemnity to Llewelyn

B. made the Prince of Wales a powerful position

C. was fought partly to control the marcher lordships

D. was fought over the string of castles built by Edward I
Caernarfon and Harlech are examples of: [p 88]

A. castles built by the Plantagenets to control Wales

B. coastal towns that traded with Scotland and Ireland

C. languages spoken west of the marches

D. mercantile contact with southeastern England
During the late 13th and early 14th centuries, the Scots experienced their greatest victories over the English under: [p 89-90]

A. Edward I and Edward II

B. Thomas of Lancaster

C. William Wallace and Robert Bruce

D. Princess Margaret
Robert Bruce attempted to force the English to recognize him as king of Scotland by: [p 91]

A. raiding northern England repeatedly

B. fighting pitched battles

C. putting English castles under siege

D. holding at the Pennines
Feudalism was:

A. a military system.

B. an economic system.

C. highly beneficial to the local population.

D. invented by the Celts.
Henry II's greatest achievement was related to:

A. monasteries.

B. a better relationship with the Roman Church.

C. law.

D. the Magna Carta.
According to John of Salisbury, rule without law is:

A. necessary for the king to retain control.

B. beneficial to all in the kingdom.

C. democratic.

D. tyranny.
In lecture, I portray the Magna Carta as:

A. the beginning of democracy

B. an effort by elites to control the king's power

C. a successful restraint on John I

D. the document that tells us about Robin Hood
Which of the following was NOT true about monasteries during this era?

A. they were a dumping ground for ugly women

B. there were few of them and they were not popular

C. prayers were scheduled and life followed a strict routine

D. they provided medical services to the community
Quiz 4: The High Middle Ages
The patterns of settlement in Britain are most closely related to: [p 92]

A. trade with the continent

B. ethnic and linguistic differences

C. agriculture

D. peat deposits
During the Middle Ages, areas of the southern downlands which had been agricultural under the Romans: [p 92]

A. was used for pasturing animals

B. was abandoned

C. regrew as forest

D. began to focus on coastal trade
Anglo-Saxon and Norman kings most valued: [p 92]

A. farmland

B. coastal towns

C. woodlands

D. chalk cliffs
Open-field farming with villages were most prevalent in areas where: [p 92]

A. there had been peat deposits

B. there had been cultivation since earliest times

C. the Romans had created villas

D. coastal towns dominated the area
"Nucleation" in the Middle Ages refers to: [p 92]

A. the development of nuclear families

B. farms surrounding a village core

C. Welsh borderland farming

D. dependence on woodlands
Fallow areas of a field were used for: [p 92]

A. pulses, like beans and peas

B. woodland

C. growing fruit

D. pasture
Pasture regions became diminished before the Black Death because: [p 92-93]

A. population growth required more land to become arable

B. the manor court system was inefficient

C. strips of arable land were being unfairly distributed

D. too many pastures were abandoned or untended
A "sheep-corn" system worked in East Anglia and the Cotswolds because: [p 93]

A. the sheep ate down the corn to make pasture

B. at night the sheep dung fertilized the corn

C. it was adopted from Wales

D. the strips of farmland were far out near the pastures
According to the map on page 93, scattered or dispersed farms were more common in: [p 93 map]

A. southern England

B. East Anglia

C. Wales and Scotland

D. "Midland" open field areas
A hamlet or baile is a settlement occupied by: [p 94]

A. kinship or family groups

B. foresters

C. independent farmers

D. encroachment cottages
Which of the following does NOT refer to a seasonal dwelling used by medieval farming/pasturing communities?: [p 95]

A. hafodydd

B. shieling

C. booley house

D. ty unnos
After the Black Death, the big change in medieval landscapes was: [p 95]

A. joint-tenants holding land

B. open fields turned over to pasture for stock

C. overcrowded villages

D. the disappearance of farming in strips
The main issue of the Hundred Years War concerned: [p 96]

A. distribution of treasure from the Crusades

B. a Scottish alliance with the English

C. English holdings in France

D. the loyalty of knights to ore than one lord
The map indicates that during the Hundred Years War there were only two French victories inside France and one in Castile, but the rest of their success was: [p 97 map]

A. in the Holy Roman Empire

B. in coastal war off the Channel Islands

C. in raids of the English coast

D. in Scotland
During the Hundred Years War, the English were fighting on two fronts, against France and: [p 97 map]

A. Scotland

B. the Holy Roman Empire

C. Spain

D. Wales
The Order of the Garter was designed to: [p 96]

A. mark the best-dressed lords

B. reward Edward's nobles

C. commemorate the Black Prince

D. crown the Scottish king
England continued to claim the French throne until: [p 99]

A. 1415

B. 1453

C. 1625

D. 1801
How does the book connect the Peasants' Revolt of 1381 to the Hundred Years War?: [p 98]

A. peasants had to fight in the war

B. high taxes were levied to support the war

C. peasants did not want to be French

D. the rebels were Welsh
Which of the following was NOT an English advantage during the Hundred Years War in the early 15th century?: [p 98-99]

A. the capture of the presumed Scottish king James

B. an alliance with the dukes of Burgundy

C. lands and trade in Normandy

D. the presence of Joan of Arc
Which of the following was NOT an English medieval export?: [p 100]

A. wool

B. tin

C. coal

D. wine
Which of the following actually declined as an export during the 12th and 13th centuries?: [p 100]

A. woolen cloth

B. tin and lead

C. raw wool

D. hides
Chartered trading places included all of the following EXCEPT: [p 100]

A. ports

B. fairs

C. markets

D. boroughs
Which of the following was a major cloth-producing town during the Middle Ages?: [p 101 map]

A. Salisbury

B. Hartlepool

C. Shrewsbury

D. Worstead
Which of the following would be considered a minor medieval port, with value of dutiable exports under f1,000?: [p 101 map]

A. Newcastle

B. Boston

C. Chichester

D. London
During the medieval period, bulk goods like lumber travelled most cheaply by: [p 102]

A. Roman roads

B. rivers and coastal waters

C. new roads financed by tolls

D. horse
In the southeast of medieval England, a second tier town (after London) in terms of population would be: [p 102 map]

A. Bedford

B. Southampton

C. Canterbury

D. Oxford
Cogs were important to medieval trade because they: [p 102]

A. had large holds but were easy to defend

B. were small enough to sail on small rivers

C. were light and could be carried from one river to another

D. were key to good navigation
Flanders was an important city for English medieval trade because: [p 103]

A. it was closest in distance to London

B. it used English coinage

C. of its cloth production and trade connection to Italy

D. it provided demand for English forest products
During the Middle Ages, manufactures accounted for about this percentage of trade compared to agricultural goods: [p 103]

A. 90%

B. 66%

C. 50%

D. 20%
Of the population of 7-8 million people living in the British Isles in 1300, how many were in England?: [p 103]

A. 4-5 million

B. 7 million

C. 2 million

D. 3.5 million
One of the richest areas in medieval London was: [p 103]

A. near the Tower of London

B. near the Smithfield Market

C. in Cripplegate

D. near the London Bridge
The sophistication of construction of the medieval barn shown on p. 103 implies that: [p 103]

A. pastoralism was the most important source of trade products during this period

B. how much work a society puts into a particular type of building indicates the importance of that sector to the economy

C. there were numerous craftspeople building barns in England during this period

D. possessing too much coinage required capital investment in buildings
A town might want to be chartered for all of the following reasons except:

A. self-government

B. increasing the control of the guild merchant

C. paying a lump sum tax to the lord

D. increasing the control of the lord over the town
Which of the following is LEAST likely to have been a factor in the rise of towns?

A. increased population

B. better relations with the Church

C. the convergence of trade fairs

D. greater manufacturing of goods


Which is not a step in wool production?

A. tentering

B. carding or combing

C. weaving

D. cloistering
I developed an idea that the end of the power of the medieval guilds was partly due to:

A. people wearing less woolen cloth

B. their own organizational inadequacies

C. capitalists who moved fulling to rural regions

D. the resistance of the monasteries
My friend Richard Fuller probably had an ancestor who was in the:

A. medieval Church

B. leather tanning business

C. cloth-making industry

D. agricultural sector

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