HISTORICAL SOCIAL AND INDIGENOUS ECOLOGY APPROACH TO SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN MEXICO AND LATIN AMERICA José G. Vargas-Hernández, M.B.A;Ph.D.
Profesor Investigador miembro del Sistema Nacional de Investigadores
Departamento de Mercadotecnia y Negocios Internacionales
Centro Universitario de Ciencias Económico Administrativas Universidad de Guadalajara. Periférico Norte 799 Edificio G-306
Zapopan, Jalisco C.P. 45100; México
Tel y fax: +52(33) 3770 3343 Ext 5097
Abstract The struggle for the recognition of indigenous rights is one of the most important social movements in Mexico. Before the 1970s, existing peasant organizations did not represent indigenous concerns. Since 1975 there has been a resurgence of indigenous movements and have raised new demands and defense of their cultural values. However, indigenous social mobilization had been laid in local and regional peasant struggles across the 1970s and 1980s. Also the indigenous movement is not homogeneous and does not include all ethnic groups in the country, but it has many different expressions and encompasses different entities at local, regional and national levels. This paper aims to analyze the historical social approach and under the frame of indigenous political ecology of social movements for recognition of indigenous rights in contemporary Mexico.
Keywords:Social movements, Mexico, indigenous right, recognition, contemporary