2008B—French Revolutionary calendar
2008—German Peasants’ Revolt
2007B—Nobility in early modern France
2007—Early Modern childhood
2006B—Alsace-Lorraine in the 19th and 20th centuries
2006—Sports from 1860-1940
2005B—Science in early modern society
2005—European Union post-WWII
2004B— Pilgrimage of Grace
2004—Attitudes toward the poor, 1450-1700
2003B—Marshall Petain and Vichy France
2003—Germany during WWI
2002B—Italian fascism and birthrate
2002—Manchester and Industrial Revolution
2001—Greek independence and nationalism
2000—festivals in early modern Europe
1999—Russia peasants after emancipation
1998—Germany unity before 1848
1997—women in science
1996—Dutch republic rise and fall
1995—responses to the Black Death
1994—Irish v. English conflict, 1800-1914
1991—Slavery during Enl. & Fr. Rev.
1990—Spanish Civil War
1989—Women's status/suffrage in late 19th/early 20th centuries.
1988—Gin Act in G.B., 18th century social history.
1987—Literacy in Old Regime France
1986—Sudan Crisis (1884-85)
1985—Juvenile crime and treatment in G.B
1984—German aircraft industry
1983—Flemings and Walloons
1982—Child-rearing in GB--16-18th c.
1981—Class attitudes toward industry
1979—Reign of Terror
1978—Education of women, 15th-18th centuries.
1977—Nazi Germany and S.A.
1976—Population trends in Germany/France
Key Interpretive Questions
Unit 2--The Renaissance
1. Discuss the social and economic conditions that gave rise to the Renaissance in Italy?
2. Define humanism and explain how it was applied in philosophy, education, art, and politics.
Unit 3--Exploration and New Monarchs
1. Discuss the economic, social, political, and religious motivations for exploration.
2. What impact did exploration have upon Europe and its colonies?
3. How did the New Monarchs (Henry VIII, Charles V, etc.) extend the power of the state?
1. Analyze the social, political, and economic causes of the Protestant Reformation.
2. Review the different strains of Reformation thinking and evaluate their impact on European society, economy, and politics.
3. Assess the Catholic response to the Reformation and identify key elements of post-Trentine theology (after the Council of Trent).
1. Identify the elements of family, social, and economic life in the 16th century.
2. Identify the demographic and economic changes from 1500-1650 and analyze their impact on European society.
Unit 6--Wars of Religion
1. Explain the relationship between state and religion in the 16th/17th centuries and how it influenced conflicts over religion.
2. Trace the course and impact of the major wars of religion of the late 16th and early 17th centuries.
Unit 7--Royal Absolutism
1. Account for the rise of absolute monarchy and its defenders.
2. Compare and contrast the practices of state-building among the major powers, especially the development of divine-right monarchy in France and constitutional monarchy in Great Britain.
3. Discuss resistance and theories of resistance to absolute monarchy.
1. Identify the new developments and thinkers in science and what was new about them.
2. Identify the elements of the Commercial Revolution, especially accounting for the rise of the Netherlands.
3. Assess the impact of the both revolutions on European political, economic, social, and intellectual life.
1. Account for the rise of Prussia, Russia, Austria, and Great Britain and the decline of Spain and Dutch.
2. Explain the operation of the balance of power in warfare from 1650-1763.
3. Review and evaluate the application of Enlightenment ideals by Joseph II, Catherine II, and Frederick II.
1. Identify developments in economic and social life that created the atmosphere for the Enlightenment.
2. Identify the ideals of the Enlightenment, its major figures, and impact on European society.
Unit 11--The French Revolution and Napoleon
1. Identify and analyze the social, economic, political, and intellectual causes of the French Revolution.
2. Identify the stages, major actions taken by, and explain the radicalization of the French Revolution.
3. Assess the impact/accomplishments of the French Revolution and the reign of Napoleon.
1. Analyze the social, economic, political, and geographic factors for Great Britain's lead in industrialization.
2. Evaluate the impact of the Industrial Revolution.
3. Compare the industrialization of France, Germany, and the other European nations.
1. Identify the principles, participants, and actions taken by the Congress of Vienna and its impact on the politics of the period, 1815-50.
2. Discuss the social and economic problems created by industrialization and how these were addressed by the ideologies of Conservatism, republicanism, socialism, Liberalism, and nationalism.
1. Explain the impact of nationalism and its impact on the unification of Italy and Germany and reform efforts in other European nations.
2. Discuss the changes in social and family life in the period and how they reflect the new materialism and realism.
3. Explain developments in science and art.
1. Identify the elements of and changes brought by the Second Industrial Revolution.
2. Explain how developments in art, science, and the social sciences revolve around the theme of crisis.
3. How were liberal ideas and institutions challenged by developments in the period, 1871-1914.
1. Explain the motives and methods of European imperialism.
2. What impact imperialism have on Europe and its colonies?
Unit 17--The Great War
1. Explain the political, diplomatic, and intellectual causes for the Great War.
2. Discuss the impact of the war on European society, economy, politics, and gender/family life.
Unit 18--Russian Revolution and Soviet Development
1. Identify and analyze the long-term causes for the Russian Revolution.
2. Review the policies of Lenin and Stalin (1918-39) in stabilizing and modernizing the Soviet Union.
Unit 19--The Interwar Crisis
1. Identify the participants, principles, actions taken by, and impact of the Treaty of Versailles on the postwar period.
2. How do the cultural and social developments reveal the mood of the period?
3. Explain the causes and impact of the Great Depression.
1. Account for the rise of Hitler and failure of Weimar Republic.
2. Analyze Hitler's impact on Germany and foreign policy goals.
3. Trace events leading up to the war and evaluate the democracies' appeasement policies.
4. Explain the nature of World War II and Holocaust.
Unit 21--The Cold War
1. Trace the development of the Cold War and how it affected the development of both Western and Eastern Europe.
2. Discuss Western European efforts at recovery and economic unity.
3. Explain developments in European social, economic, and intellectual life as a response to WWII and Cold War.
1. Account for the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.
2. Evaluate Europe's responses to the re-emergence of nationalism in Europe and its further efforts toward unity.
3. What social, economic, and cultural issues does Europe face today?
Peter the Great
Catherine the Great
Frederick the Great
development of state
early modern society
elite v. popular culture
women in science
rise/fall of indiv. nations
serfdom and peasants
18th c. culture/society
rise of childhood
women of Enlightenment
changes in warfare
women in French Rev.
Britain in 19th c.
19th c. ideologies
Congress of Vienna/ Concert of Europe
modern British pol. parties
Treaty of Versailles
Soviet bloc, 1945-90
Reign of Terror
revolutions of 1848
unification of Italy/Germ.
2nd Industrial Revolution
World War I