Hip hughes-industrial revolution



Download 23.48 Kb.
Date14.05.2016
Size23.48 Kb.
HIP HUGHES-INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
This question is to be answered after watching the video.

The industrial revolution was a turning point in history because:


INTRODUCTION


  1. The Industrial Revolution began in the country of England or Great Britain and in the years 1820-1830.




  1. Before the Industrial Revolution people lived mostly in the country and made their living by farming.




  1. The Industrial Revolution caused people to move into cities.




  1. After the Industrial Revolution factories were the main means of production.


SACK OF CAUSES-FOUR CAUSES OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
CAUSE #1 IMPROVEMENTS TO THE FARMING PROCESS

New technological advancements led to more efficient ways of farming and producing food.


  • The invention of the seed drill made planting easier for farmers.




  • Improvements to fertilizer helped crops to be more bountiful.




  • As a result of these new improvements in farming technology people had more free time to do other things.




  • Enclosure movement: Big farms bought a lot of little farms and combined them to make one large farm.



CAUSE #2 GEOGRAPHY



The geography of England produced an abundance of natural resources needed to fuel the Industrial Revolution.
NATURAL RESOURCES
The three natural resources England had was:

-Iron

-Ore

-Coal
Coal was a valuable commodity because:

It was used to fuel the steam engines, which powered the factories and machines during the Industrial Revolution

WATER
Rivers were important to the Industrial Revolution because they allowed trading within England and to bring raw materials to factories.
The large amount of ports allowed England to trade with other countries.
CAUSE #3 MONEY

The ability to trade with other countries brought a lot of money into England which helped to support the development of the Industrial Revolution.
The large amounts of money brought into England allowed the British to develop a strong infrastructure of factories, roads, and railroads..

CAUSE #4 TECHNOLOGY/EDUCATION/ENERGY



England had a lot of colleges and universities which led to a larger population of intelligent people.
This provided England the ability to create and build a strong infrastructure to support the Industrial Revolution.


SACK OF EFFECTS-THE EFFECTS OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
EFFECT #1 MASS PRODUCTION OF GOODS
The ability to produce goods in large quantities made life easier for all people.

Also it is cheaper to produce goods in large quantities.
The economic law of supply and demand.
The more you have of a product the lower the demand for that product is and the lower the price of that product is.

EFFECT #2 NEW BUSINESS MODEL EMERGES


Companies competed to control all the means of production.
Railroad needs coal to fuel steam engine on the train.

Railroad company buys out the smaller coal mining operations.

Railroad company now owns the fuel source and the railroad.
Predict what the next company the railroad company might try and buy out.

Possible Answers:

The company that makes the railroad cars.

The company that lays the railroad tracks.


What is the problem with this process?

It creates a monopoly and limits competition. (Follow up is how will this limit competition and what is bad about not having any competition in business?)

Laissez Faire means-”Hands Off” government will have very limited involvement in regulating or controlling business. (Is this more like Locke or Hobbes? Why?)


The government will have limited or no regulations on businesses under laissez faire.
Laissez Faire government led to no government monitoring of

  • Fair wages for workers

  • Fair treatment of workers

  • Proper disposal of chemical waste

  • Safety of workers

    POSITIVES

    NEGATIVES

    Business have the opportunity to grow quickly

    No protection for workers: fair pay/job security /fair treatment punishments

    Owners can do what is best for their own company

    No regulations on industrial waste/pollution

    The country will have a lot of money due to the success of the businesses

    Safety of workers in factory




    Everyone has a different set of rules














Each company owner decided how to deal with each of those issues. (Possibly make a chart of positives and negatives of this system)

EFFECT #3 NEW SOCIAL STRUCTURE

A new social structure evolved as a result of the shift in economic structure. Four new classes emerged-The Business elite, the upper middle class, the lower middle class and the working the class.

An accountant, lawyer, or doctor would most likely be a member of the upper middle class.


A teacher or secretary would be part of the lower middle class.
The working class people were mostly farmers and factory workers.
The working class made up 65-70% of the population.
EFFECT #4 URBANIZATION

Large numbers of people moved from the country and into the cities. The cities had to adapt to accommodate the large quantities of people.
Issues that were created:

  • Sanitation

  • Public safety-Police and Firefighters

  • Housing

  • Roads

  • Health concerns

  • Hospitals




POSITIVES

NEGATIVES

Centralized work area

Pollution

More job opportunities

Crime

Can live near where you work

Tenements poor housing

Many services-doctors/ food/ clothing shops easily accessed

Sanitation issues




Disease



Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2020
send message

    Main page