Henry Ford Hospital Detroit, Michigan Diagnostic Medical Sonography Program 2014 program bulletin

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Henry Ford Hospital
Detroit, Michigan
Diagnostic Medical Sonography Program
Michael D. Moffatt, M.Ed., RT, RDMS, RDCS

Program Coordinator

Cindi Zemple, AS, RDMS

Clinical Coordinator

Robin Bassi, MD

Medical Director

John Bonnett, MD

Medical Advisor

Program Office:
Phone: (313) 916 3519
Fax: (313) 916 9480
email: www.mike@rad.hfh.edu
Henry Ford Hospital's Diagnostic Medical Sonography

Program does not discriminate on the basis of sex,

race, handicap, religion, national origin, or

veteran's status.

* The information, policies, conditions, and fees stated

in this Bulletin, are subject to change without notice.

Program bulletin 2014.doc

As the students for the class which begins in January 2013

have been chosen, applications are not being accepted for

that class.

Timeline for July 2014- February 2016 class

Application* deadline: January 3, 2014
*The application form, official transcripts, letter

of intent, health care observational experience, awarding

of a degree, and letters of reference must be received that

deadline. The Program does not arrange for health care

observational experience. All documents are to be mailed

in one envelope to the Program office.

Interviews: March or April 2014

Applicants cannot choose the date nor time of their

interview. Not all applicants are interviewed.

Program begins: next class: July 2014

Thereafter: January 2016

July, 2017

Program duration: 20 months

( each class overlaps by

two months )

Medical Sonography (Ultrasound)
Medical Sonography is an imaging modality that is excellent in visualizing the soft tissues of the body. It is used to

evaluate the abdominal organs, the pregnant uterus, the

non-gravid pelvis, the heart, the eye, and the neonatal brain, as well as the neck, breast, scrotum, and other

anatomical structures. Through Doppler ultrasound, the patterns of blood flow in vascular structures such as the carotid artery, renal transplant, tumors, and peripheral vessels may be studied. Ultrasound may be used in the operating suite to localize neoplasms or guide shunt placement. The technique of using high frequency sound waves involves no discomfort, nor no proven hazard to the patient, and has been used in medical diagnosis for 3 decades. In recent years, this non-invasive technique has found new and expanded uses in the medical field, partly due to the improvement in instrumentation, but also due to the increased awareness of its potential value in diagnosis.

The Profession of Medical Sonography
The diagnostic medical sonographer is a skilled allied health professional who performs ultrasound examinations

under the supervision of a physician. The sonographer

is required to integrate knowledge of anatomy, physiology,

pathology, and ultrasound physics, and to apply this

knowledge during the examination of a patient.

Successful sonographers are astute individuals who are

adaptive and who evidence a high degree of dedication to

the exactness of their work. A strong work ethic, emotional

maturity, and empathy are required skills for a successful

sonographer. The sonographer works closely with the physician (sonologist) to attempt to solve a clinical problem. The sonographer is required to exercise

clinical judgment during the examination, by recognizing

pathology, and by adjusting the examination technique and

patient position, to highlight that pathology.

Medical Sonographers may work in hospital settings - radiology, obstetrical, vascular, or cardiology departments, to name a few. Others are employed in private physician offices and other outpatient facilities. Employment opportunities also exist in the commercial field, as application specialists, product managers, and salespersons. There are approximately 60,000 registered sonographers worldwide.

Henry Ford Hospital

Program in Diagnostic Medical Sonography
The Diagnostic Medical Sonography (DMS) Program at Henry Ford Hospital (HFH) was begun in 1975, formally established

in 1979, and initially accredited in 1984. The Program

and its facility are dedicated to providing a worthwhile,

extensive experience in medical sonography, integrating

didactic and clinical education.

The 20 month program, the next class which will begin in

July 2014, places emphasis on the key areas needed to produce a quality sonographer: abdominal sonography, obstetrical/ gynecological sonography; and ultrasound physics and instrumentation. The deadline for applying to that class is

January 3, 2014.
Didactic classes are principally of the lecture format:

clinical case presentations are also given. Most of the

classes are taught by the program coordinator; other classes are presented by the staff sonographers and the division physicians. Students have the opportunity to attend ultrasound conferences and guest lectures. The number of classroom hours varies between 8 and 20 hours per week.
The academic program is divided into five semesters. The

essential academic subjects (physics, abdomen, obstetrics,

and gynecology) are each divided into a beginning and an

advanced section. Beginning sections are covered in the

program's first semester. No class are on line. Classes

required attendance in the classroom.

Introductory courses cover the anatomy, physiology, lab

values, and commonly-encountered pathology of a particular

organ system. The advanced courses cover rarer disease

states and image interpretation.

The Program also offers introductory courses and some limited clinical experience in the following areas:

vascular sonography and in echocardiography.

Tests are given about every two weeks throughout the year.
Since sonographic examination is basically a display of anatomy, a major emphasis is placed on the understanding

of the gross anatomy of the major organ systems examined

by ultrasound. PowerPoint lectures, images, and demonstrations cover the liver, biliary tree, pancreas, uterus, ovary, and placenta, as well as the developing fetus and the infant brain.

Image interpretation and sonographic pattern recognition

is stressed throughout the course, in didactic lectures

and case reviews. Student sonographers must develop an

ability to make preliminary interpretations of the images

she or he obtains.

In the Program, a thorough discussion of the physical

principles and instrumentation which underlie sonographic examinations is presented; the physics course is conducted

using lectures, problem-solving, and demonstrations of

clinical equipment.

Based on a strong background in anatomy and sonographic

pathology, the student receives a wide exposure to a variety of clinical applications of ultrasound. The student first observes sonographic examinations being conducted by a staff sonographer. In later months, the student begins to physically assist the sonographer, by performing portions of the study of a patient, under direct supervision.

As the student's clinical ability progresses, she or he is given more freedom to conduct the case, but is always supervised by a staff sonographer. Clinical performance

is assessed quarterly with written performance standards; these are given to the student at the beginning of each quarter. Final competency tests during the last three months are also required, in several clinical areas.

Academic classes and clinical experience is concurrently

utilized through each week of the program. Students are free to consult with the Program Coordinator or Clinical

Coordinator at any time, on academic, clinical, or

personal concerns. There are also several designated clinical advisors who help evaluate student performance,

and who give the students additional clinical aid when necessary.

The students' clinical experience is primarily based at

the Main Campus (the Hospital) in Detroit. The students have a limited clinical rotation to several of the Hospital's suburban satellite facilities. Students cannot choose their rotation site. Currently, the Division of Ultrasound has 6 scanning rooms in its main location: 6 rooms at the New Center site, 3 blocks from the Hospital; and a total of 10 rooms at the other satellite facilities. Echocardiography, musculoskeletal, and vascular centers also exist.

Clinical education centers:

Satellite facilities of the Department, which are in

Detroit and in the suburbs of Dearborn, West

Bloomfield, Sterling Heights, Livonia, Taylor

and Troy: staffed by Department sonographers
Minor affiliates:

Vascular Lab, Division of Vascular Surgery,

2nd and 8th th floor, Henry Ford Hospital

Staffed by sonographers from the Vascular Lab

Echocardiography Lab,

2th floor, Henry Ford Hospital

Staffed by echocardiographers from the Heart and

Vascular Institute

Children Hospital of Michigan

Detroit, Michigan

Veterans Benefits

Eligible students enrolling in the program are eligible to apply for veterans benefits.

Transfer Credit and Prior Credit

Prerequisite courses may have been taken at an accredited college or university. Transfer credit will be accepted only if the course(s) are listed on an official transcript from another academic institution and meet program standards/requirements.

Registration in Sonography
Voluntary registration in the profession of medical Sonography is obtained by successful completion of exams conducted after

graduation, by the ARDMS (www.ardms.org ).

Graduates of the HFH DMS Program take the ARDMS exams in

the areas of Physics; Abdomen; Obstetrics/Gynecology; and

Neurosonology. ARDMS fees, $ 200 per exam, are the student's personal responsibility.

The HFH DMS Program has full accreditation in the area of

general sonography (through 2014 ) by the Joint Review Committee on Education in Diagnostic Medical Sonography and the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs. The reaccreditation process for the Program was begun in 2012.

Reference: www.caahep.org / find an accredited program.
Thus, Program graduates are eligible to take the examinations offered by the American Registry of Diagnostic Medical Sonographers ( ARDMS ).
The Program is also under the academic sponsorship of

Madonna University of Livonia, Michigan, which is in turn

accredited by the Higher Learning Commission of the Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and

Henry Ford Hospital / Medical Centers are accredited in

General Ultrasound services through the American College of


Henry Ford Hospital is a 803 bed, accredited, voluntary,

non-profit, private hospital established in 1915.

Patient care, research, and education are combined to

provide outstanding service to the public, the scientific

investigator, and to its students. As the Hospital is

affiliated with several medical schools and with over 15

allied health programs, a large percentage of the

personnel at the hospital are students in some capacity.

The Hospital is not only one of the largest health care

facilities in the Midwest, but also a well-respected

teaching institution, whose graduates are currently

employed in all areas of the country. The HFH Medical

Group complement of over 900 physicians, includes over

350 full-time staff physicians, and more than 400 house

officers receiving advanced education. The HFH Emergency

Room is the busiest in Michigan. In addition, there are

over 17,000 employees (including satellite personnel)

providing professional, technical, and support services

to the Hospital, five satellite ambulatory centers, and

over 50 specialty clinics. The HFH system is affiliated

with the Health Alliance Plan, the largest HMO in

Michigan. A recent survey by US News and World Report

rated HFHS as having the “top doctors” in more specialties

that any other Southeast Michigan hospital.

One of the busiest areas of the Hospital is the Department

of Radiology, occupying several sites on the second and

third floor of the Hospital's clinic and west clinic

buildings; as well as at the satellite facilities. The

entire Radiology department performs over 300,000 proced-

ures annually, with about 300 employees, including over

100 radiological technologists.

Currently, the Division of Diagnostic Ultrasound, of the

Department of Radiology, consists of 3 staff radiologists

(daily); several fellows and residents; 62 full-time /

part-time / contingent staff sonographers; and 6-15

students ( in overlapping classes ). The Ultrasound

examination volume is over 60,000 procedures annually.

The HFH DMS Program educates students in general sonography:

physics, abdomen, abdominal Doppler, obstetrics, gynecol-

ogy, superficial parts including breast sonography, and

Neurosonology. Graduates take the ARDMS examination in Physics,

Abdomen, Neurosonology, and Obstetrics/ Gynecology.
At this time, students receive an clinical introduction to

vascular sonography ( 2 weeks ), echocardiography ( 1 day),

and musculoskeletal sonography ( 2 weeks ). They also

receive limited academic instruction in those areas.

In the final clinical semester, students may have the

option to spend up to two additional weeks in one of those

Graduates are not eligible to take the ARDMS examination in

Vascular sonography nor in Adult Echocardiography.

Admission Standards
It is important for applicants to recognize that Medical Sonography Programs are not entry-level programs. Academic

and clinical prerequisites are set by the accrediting body,

the Joint Review Committee on Education in Diagnostic

Medical Sonography.

It is advised that all applicants have observed sonographic

procedures in a ultrasound department: a suggestion is to serve as a volunteer for several weeks in a hospital Radiology department. HFH Main Hospital Volunteer Services can be reached at (313) 916 7495; bbrown3@hfhs.org Ms. Betty Brown ). Having an ultrasound examination on yourself does not count as experience!

To be considered for admission, all candidates must have recent, documentable patient care experience, and meet one

of the following prerequisites:

Prerequisite # 1
Be a graduate of - or a student in good standing in -

an allied health program that is patient-care related.

The program must have been a minimum of two years in

duration. GPA must be 3.0 or better.

Radiologic technologists, registered nurses, respiratory

therapists, medical technologists are examples of

health care professionals eligible to be considered for

Applicants who are students, may be accepted on the

condition that they successfully complete their allied

health program. They are required to take, and pass,

the registry/licensing examination(s), in that

respective profession, by the end of the Medical

Sonography Program’s first semester. Failure to pass

that examination will result in dismissal.
(or ) Prerequisite # 2

  1. Have a U.S. ( or equivalent )Bachelors of Science or of Arts degree, or a U.S. ( or equivalent ) Associate of Science or of Arts degree, in any major, with a GPA of 3.0 or better, and have patient care experience observing radiography for a minimum of 40 hours, of which 20 hours must have been in sonography.

Regardless whether a candidate meets prerequisites 1 or 2,

the following is mandatory for admission:
high school graduation or equivalent,

with a GPA of 2.0 of better, and

college courses in each of the following:

( overall college GPA must be at least 3.0 )

two semesters of college math or algebra or


college physics ( any level, except astronomy)
human anatomy and physiology

( two- 3 credit courses, or one 5-6 hour

course )
communication skills

( English; speech; or composition )

medical terminology

documentation of at least 40 hours of patient

care experience in Radiology, of which 20 hours must

be in sonography; you may contact Volunteer services

of a local hospital or health care facility to

obtain this or contact Betty Brown on HFH at

313 916 7495. bbrown3@hfh.edu

Prerequisite courses and health care experience must have been completed in the previous ten years, and prior to

January 3, 2014.
The application deadline is January 3, 2014. All documents are to be mailed in one envelope to the Program office.

Medical School Graduates

The Program is a technical training program for technolog-

ists, and does not accept applications from domestic

nor foreign graduates of medical schools. Domestic or foreign physicians are encouraged to contact the AIUM

( www.aium.org or phone: 1 301 498 4100 ) for a listing of

courses in sonography for physicians.

The HFH DMS Program is a graduate program in medical education. As such, courses and clinical assignments are

at an accelerated pace and volume. Including study time, it is not unusually that this Program requires a commitment of 55-70 hours per week. Maintaining employment while in the Program is not recommended. If employment outside the Program is necessary, it cannot conflict with the academic nor clinical schedule of the Program.

Due to the complexities and expense of processing a student

visa request, the Program will not admit foreign students.

Not all applicants are interviewed. There is no waiting list.

Completion of the prerequisite courses does not guarantee

an interview nor admission. Applicant files are not retained

nor returned.
Currently, the Program has an accredited maximum capacity

of 20 students. Typically the junior and senior class has

6-8 students each. In 2012, the program received 21 completed applications for 8 positions.

The principles of candidate selection are:

- academic and clinical performance in prior allied

health education, and in college.

- letters of recommendation.
- a complete application package submitted on time.

  • passing the Pre-entrance physical, which includes a

drug screening

(Scheduled one week prior to the beginning of school)

- passing a criminal background check and a reference

- the admission committee’s perception of the candidate’s

motivation, maturity, and ability.

  • The number of applications received compared to

The available student positions.

The Program will make a decision as to whether a applicant

will be offered a position in the Program, based on space

availability; number of applications received; whether transcripts and related documentation was received by the

deadline: and whether the candidate meets all of the requirements for admission.

Salaries for sonographers vary widely, depending on the geographical area of the country and the specialties and

years of experience of the sonographer. Currently,

starting salaries in the Detroit area are about $ 53,000.

There is no guarantee of employment upon graduation.

There is no job placement by the Program.

If a candidate wishes a tour of the Division in advance of

the interview process, please contact the Program Coordinator.

Application Process
Completion of the application process, requires, in addition to an interview, that the following materials be submitted prior to the application deadline of October 1st:

  1. OFFICIAL high school transcript, irregardless of when

high school was attended

  1. OFFICIAL transcript from an allied health

program, if an allied health program was


3. OFFICIAL transcript from college(s),

if college(s) was attended

Foreign transcripts must be preevaluted

by Educational Credential Evaluators, Inc


4. proof of licensing/registration in an

allied health profession, unless a current

student in that profession, if applying under

prerequisite #1

5. Proof of a U.S. college degree, if applying under

Prerequisite # 2

6. At least two typewritten, signed letters of

recommendation, on letterhead stationary, from a

manager who has known you in a professional

capacity, such as a physician, instructor,

program director, or supervisor.

Note: transcripts and high school / college graduation will be verified. A criminal background check will be completed on accepted candidates. Prior employment and school attendance will be verified.

Letters of recommendation must be signed, typed, and on letterhead stationary; handwritten letters are not acceptable.

Transcripts must be ORIGINAL, OFFICIAL transcripts of the

school or college. Student copies of transcripts are not accepted. Letters, application forms, and transcripts cannot be faxed nor emailed. If a college will not provide official

transcripts to the student, the student may request that the

college mail the transcript directly to this program office.

All application materials should be mailed to:

Michael Moffatt, MA, RDMS

Radiology Department, WC 370

Henry Ford Hospital

2799 West Grand Blvd

Detroit Michigan 48202-2689

A personal interview is a required part of the application


The interview process takes about 6 hours.
Candidates cannot choose the date nor time of their interview.
Not all applicants are interviewed.
There is no waiting list
All travel and lodging expenses for the interview are the

responsibility of the candidate.

Candidates desiring information about overnight lodging in the Detroit area, should contact the Program Coordinator for more details.

Tuition currently is $ 4000.00 for the program, payable in equal installments on January 3, April 3, August 3 and December 3.

A lab fee of $150 is assessed the first week of the Program. Students also are required to purchase their assigned textbooks ( about $800 ) prior to the first week of the program.Note: all fees are subject to change.

After graduation, the student is responsible for their national

examination ( ARDMS ) fees which are $200 per examination. Professional membership fees ( optional ) are about $ 100.

Financial Aid
The HFH DMS Program has no direct financial aid packages available for students.
However, admitted students may inquire at the Program’s sponsor ( Madonna University of Livonia, Michigan ) as to financial aid. This would require enrolling at that University as a student. The contact is www.madonna.edu ; Jim Wendt at (734) 432 5511. jwendt@madonna.edu or

Tom Laabs at (734) 432 5448; finand@madonna.edu

Admitted students are also eligible to apply for scholarships through the SDMS

( www.sdms.org ) and the AIUM ( www.aium.org ).

Time Off
40 hours of scheduled and unscheduled time off ( sick time and vacation time) are allowed for in the 20 month program. There is also week-long breaks in the spring and in the summer. In addition, students are off on legal holidays, during Christmas week, and on the Friday after Thanksgiving. The only acceptable reasons for excessive time off is pregnancy leave

Or illness. Excessive absenteeism is grounds for discipline

up to dismissal. Classes are not repeated for absent students.

Tardiness in either the classroom or clinical setting will result in time off subtracted from the students’ elective time off.

No stipend is paid to the student.

Free, assigned parking is provided.

Accepted candidates must pass the Hospital health screening, and a criminal background check.
Several quality child care centers are located within

one - half mile of the Hospital.

Housing may be available in the adjacent HFH Apartment Building.

Information is at http://www.henryford.com/body_program.cfm?id=39324

The Hospital has its own armed security force. In addition,

approximately 10,000 employees, visitors, and patients are in

the Hospital every weekday. Student parking is a guarded, well

lighted lot near One Ford Place, four blocks from the Hospital.

Shuttle bus service is from 5:30am to 8pm.

Clinical Hours
The student has academic and clinical hours totaling no more than 8 hours per day, 40 hours per week, for 20 consecutive months. Hours* are 8am to 4:30pm, except when there is a 4pm lecture when the workdays ends at 5pm. Students are not allowed to choose their clinical hours, nor their clinical assignments. *Assigned afternoon and midnight shifts will occur

to allow students to gain clinical experience in exams such as

Neonatal Neurosonology.
No visible tattoos are allowed.

Graduation Requirements
To successfully complete the program, and to graduate,

the student must:

1. show evidence of satisfactory clinical ability

(performance objectives are established for each quarter)

  1. maintain passing grades. The student must achieve a

grade of 80 % or better, in every course; either

as an original grade, or based on a make-up examination.

3. maintain regular attendance. Absenteeism in excess of

the allotted days off, must be made up, as discussed in

the program description.

4. complete the assigned case presentations, and student project.

School list
For a complete listing of ultrasound programs in the USA

and Canada, contact the SDMS at www.sdms.org/public/career.asp or CAAHEP at www.caahep.org / find an accredited program.

Physicians interested in education in sonography are advised to contact the AIUM at (301) 498-4100. ( www.aium.org ) Medical school graduates are not eligible for admission the HFH DMS Program.

Information on the Profession of Medical Sonography
Individuals are encouraged to utilize the following websites:

sonographers’ professional organization

www.aium.org physican’s professional organization

www.ardms.org examination standards

www.caahep/org/programs/dms/dms-main.htm school list
Graduate testimonials
Good clinical experience, good education, small class

size, direct communication daily with radiologists

. - S Z
Classroom instruction was very thorough and detail orientated.

.- M D
HFH has by far one of the best schools of Sonography.

-. J W
Great amount of hands on scanning with very experienced


-. J C
We learned good ergonomics to reduce our risk of injury.

-. L G

Testimonials from employers
____ has been a great asset to our department.

Her scans are top notch! - D B
____ came out highly trained and confident in all areas.

- D C
____ is very confident and a fast learner…a perfect fit

for our department. - L R

____ has been a great addition to our team in terms of

quality and ability to pick things up quickly, The

radiologists are pleased with the quality of her work.

. - S W
____ is a wonderful addition to our staff. She

communicates well and is well liked by her peers.

She is professional and great with patients. - T D

- T D
___ is a very motivated sonographer. She is working

a second shift with requires independent thinking.

She has adjusted well to our department’s needs. - DH

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