Warsaw Pact as a response to NATO which included all eastern bloc countries -- satellite countries 4. ANZUS -- U.S. forged a collective security agreement with Australia and New Zealand to buttress democracy in the Pacific.
5. CENTO -- Central Treaty Organization (in Central America)
B. Soviet Union exploded an atomic bomb in Sept. 1949; U.S. no longer had monopoly
-- The world now had two atomic superpowers C. China becomes Communist in 1949 1. US supported Nationalist leader Jiang Jieshi (Chang-Kai-Shek)during WWII
2. In late 1949, Mao Zedong’s (Mao Tse-tung) communist forces defeated the last of Jiang's forces and the Nationalists fled to Formosa (Taiwan). -- Mao supported by Soviet Union
3. Loss of China seen as a major defeat for US
a. 25% of world's population became communist in one shot.
b. Truman criticized for allowing China to fall to communists.
c. Truman replied that China had never been his to lose.
4. U.S. refused to recognize the People’s Republic of China ("Red China") and maintained Jiang’s regime on the UN Security Council
a. U.S.S.R. boycotted the Security Council in protest
b. People’s Republic of China not recognized as a permanent Security Council member until 1973.