"right to work" laws outlawing the "union-shop."
B. Civil Rights: gains for African Americans
1. 1946, Truman created the President’s committee on Civil Rights -- In 1947, committee published To Secure These Rights, calling for desegregation in American society, anti-lynching legislation and an end to poll taxes.
2. 1948, president banned racial discrimination in federal government hiring practices and ordered desegregation of the armed forces; blacks integrated in 1953 -- Jackie Robinson first African American in Major League Baseball in 1947
C. Presidential Succession Act of 1947
1. Created as a contingency for nuclear war
2. After the vice-president, the Speaker of the House, president pro tempore (Senate) and secretary of state the next in line for succession.
D. 22nd Amendment(1951)
1. Limited president to two terms; or a maximum of 10 years if he, as vice president, assumed the presidency due to the death or departure of a previous president
2. Largely a conservative move in the face of over 17 years of continuous Democratic rule in the White House (FDR and Truman)
-- FDR had been elected to four terms and many saw this as an opportunity for the executive branch to consolidate excessive power.