Guitar Lessons Outline



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3

4




5




6




7

Octave

Root




W




W

H




W




W




W

H

C

C#/Db

D

D#/Eb

E

F

F#/Gb

G

G#/Ab

A

A#/Bb

B

C

So, the “C” scale is C,D,E,F,G,A,B and C. This is the easiest key to remember because it has no sharps or flats.


In order to practice this concept, let’s construct a major scale in the key of “G”. We’ll start from the “G” note in the center of the chromatic scale and follow the W-W-H-W-W-W-H pattern to find our notes.


C

C#/Db

D

D#/Eb

E

F

F#/Gb

G

G#/Ab

A

A#/Bb

B

C

First we express the chromatic scale with G at the start and get:




G

G#/Ab

A

A#/Bb

B

C

C#/Db

D

D#/Eb

E

F

F#/Gb

G

Then we use our pattern to choose the notes of the G major scale:




Root




2




3

4




5




6




7

Octave

Root




W




W

H




W




W




W

H

G

G#/Ab

A

A#/Bb

B

C

C#/Db

D

D#/Eb

E

F

F#/Gb

G

The key of G has one sharp expressed as F#, because we already have a G note represented in the scale.



Lesson 2: Worksheet

1. Practice tuning your guitar in a standard E-A-D-G-B-E tuning using a piano/keyboard, an electronic tuner, or with manual tuning.


2. Fill in the notes of the chromatic scale starting with the C note:








































3. Using the chromatic scale and the W-W-H-W-W-W-H pattern, find the notes of the following major scales:




Root




2




3

4




5




6




7

Octave

Root




W




W

H




W




W




W

H

A


































A

B


































B

C


































C

D


































D

E


































E

F


































F

G


































G

Answers
1. Follow lesson steps.
2. Fill in the notes of the chromatic scale starting with the C note:


C

C#/Db

D

D#/Eb

E

F

F#/Gb

G

G#/Ab

A

A#/Bb

B

C

3. Using the chromatic scale and the W-W-H-W-W-W-H pattern, find the notes of the following major scales:




Root




2




3

4




5




6




7

Octave

Root




W




W

H




W




W




W

H

A




B




C#

D




E




F#




G#

A

B




C#




D#

E




F#




G#




A#

B

C




D




E

F




G




A




B

C

D




E




F#

G




A




B




C#

D

E




F#




G#

A




B




C#




D#

E

F




G




A

Bb




C




D




E

F

G




A




B

C




D




E




F#

G

Lesson 3: Major Chords

Basics

Now that you’ve learned guitar terms and the basics of music, you are ready to start learning chords. When you use your fretting hand to press the strings down on the frets of your guitar, you will start creating chords. It’s just as important to learn what notes you are playing as it is to learn the chord formation in order to become proficient at the guitar.


First, remember that the standard tuning of a guitar is:

E, A, D, G, B, E (you can remember it as Eat All Day Get Big Easy)




6 5 4 3 2 1

E A D G B E
































































You also need to know how your fingers are numbered for fretting the notes:



Chord Triads

In Lesson 2, you became familiar with the notes of several major scales (C, D, E, F, G, A & B). Now you will learn how to use the Root note, the 3rd note and the 5th note of each scale to form major chords. Remember that in the key of C there are no sharps or flats, so the C major scale is:





Root




2




3

4




5




6




7

Octave

Root




W




W

H




W




W




W

H

C

C#/Db

D

D#/Eb

E

F

F#/Gb

G

G#/Ab

A

A#/Bb

B

C

Now you will use the root (C), the 3rd note (E) and the 5th note (G) to form a C-major chord.

The lowest note of chords is usually the root note, so for the C-major chord; you will not play the 6th string (X denotes not playing the string). Starting on 5th string, you will make a C-note by pressing the 3rd fret with your 3rd finger. On the 4th fret, you will make an E-note by pressing the 2nd fret with your 2nd finger. The 3rd string is left open because it is a G-note when open (0 denotes an open string). On the 2nd string, you will make a C-note by pressing the 1st fret with your 1st finger. The 1st string is left open because it is an E-note when left open.

After you’ve formed this chord, practice picking the strings from the 5th string down to the 1st string. Each note of the chord should ring. If the note sounds dull, you may be unintentionally pressing one of the strings with the wrong finger. Next, we’ll start to learn about chord families and get one step closer to playing some songs!




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