Congratulations on buying a new guitar! In order to become a guitarist, you should learn the parts of the guitar. The major parts of the guitar are discussed in terms of its body: the top of the guitar is the “head”, the fingerboard/fretboard is on the “neck” and the soundhole is usually centered in the “body”.
The tuners are usually made of metal or tortoise shell. The tuners are wound counter-clockwise from their positions on the head when strung. The nut is white plastic piece at the bottom of the head. The nut is the starting point of the string that produces a note when plucked. The ending point is the saddle, which is the white plastic piece in the center of the bridge. For instance, the first string in a standard tuning is an “E” note (it is also referred to as the “E” string). The face of the neck is called the fretboard. The frets are the spaces between the fret wires on the fretboard. The space between the nut and the first fret wire is the 1st fret. When you press the E string on the 1st fret, you shorten the length of the string that vibrates, creating a higher pitch (the “F” note).
The position markers are usually found on the fretboard and on the side of the neck. These are dots which indicate the 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9th, 12th, 15th and 17th frets on an acoustic guitar. The soundhole allows the sound to project from the body. The pickguard is designed to protect the body from being scratched. Not all guitars have pickguards, but when you look at the holes in the body of Willie Nelson’s guitar you can see why they are important. The bridge is the wooden piece attached to the center of the body. The bridge anchors the strings to the body of the guitar either with pegs or through holes in the bridge.