Guidelines for Phase I, II, and III archaeological Investigations and Technical Report Preparation Prepared by the West Virginia State Historic Preservation Office Written by Patrick Trader Edited by Joanna Wilson Preface

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VI. Field Methods

Pedestrian Survey
A pedestrian survey is conducted over the entirety of the project area in order to determine the locations of above-ground resources (i.e. cemeteries, rockshelters, petroglyphs, pictographs, earthworks and foundation remnants) and to determine the nature of physical and environmental aspects of the project area. This method is most useful in situations where slopes exceed 20%. Pedestrian survey transects shall be spaced at 10-15m intervals to ensure proper ground surveillance. As survey is conducted, photographs of the survey area should be taken, and any above ground resources should be mapped.
Plow Stripping
In project areas which have been previously cultivated, plow-stripping may be used in combination with shovel test probes. Plow-strips should be at least 2m wide and be placed at 15m intervals across the entirety of the project area.

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