Guidelines for Phase I, II, and III archaeological Investigations and Technical Report Preparation Prepared by the West Virginia State Historic Preservation Office Written by Patrick Trader Edited by Joanna Wilson Preface

IV. Section 106 and Cultural Resource Investigations

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IV. Section 106 and Cultural Resource Investigations

Cultural Resource Investigations are conducted in stages commonly referred to as Phase I, II and III. A discussion of each phase follows.
Phase I Investigation
Phase I investigation consists of a combination of background research and fieldwork designed to identify resources and define site boundaries within a given project area or Area of Potential Effect (APE). During the Phase I investigation, the entirety of the project area must be studied. Locations not surveyed or only partially examined during a Phase I investigation will require additional work. For extensive projects, such as reservoirs or highway corridors, a sampling strategy (i.e. predictive model) may be employed at this stage only after consultation with the WVSHPO staff and with WVSHPO approval.
Phase I fieldwork consists of a number of methods including pedestrian survey, excavation of shovel test probes, remote sensing, and deep testing of appropriate landscapes. The use of specific field methods and techniques is dependent upon the type of ground cover present, the topographic setting, and the amount of observed disturbance in a given situation.

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