Guide to the Names in The Lord of the Rings

CONTROL (verb) tortha- (i dortha, i thorthar) (wield)

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CONTROL (verb) tortha- (i dortha, i thorthar) (wield)

CONTROL (noun) tûr (i dûr, o thûr, construct tur) (mastery, power; master, victor, lord), pl. tuir (i thuir), coll. pl. túrath

COOKED FOOD aes (meat). No distinct pl. form.

COOL him (lenited chim; no distinct pl. form). Note that homophones include both the adjective ”steadfast, abiding” and the adverb ”continually”.

COPPER rust, pl. ryst (idh ryst) if there is a pl. Possibly also ?urun (pl. yryn if there is a pl.).

COPPER-COLOURED 1) gaer (red, reddish, ruddy); lenited ’aear; no distinct pl. form. (This is a suggested Sindarin form of ”Noldorin” goer.) Note: homophones mean "dreadful, awful, fearful; holy" and also "sea". 2) ross (russet, red-haired, reddish), pl. ryss. (PM:366, VT41:9) Note: homophones mean ””foam, rain, dew, spray” and also ”polished metal, glitter”

CORD nordh (pl. nyrdh)

CORE 1) enedh (middle, center), pl. enidh, 2) nest (heart, center), pl. nist

CORN (not = ”maize”) iaw, pl. ioe (in ”Noldorin” the pl. was iui, VT46:22). Note: a homophone means ”ravine, cleft, gulf”.

CORNER nass (sharp end, angle, point), construct nas, pl. nais

CORPSE daen (i naen, o ndaen), same in pl. except with article (i ndaen)

CORRUPT thaw (rotten), pl. thoe

COUNSEL (verb) gor- (i ’ôr, i ngerir = i ñerir) (warn) (VT41:11)

COUNT (noun) genediad (i ’enediad) (reckoning), pl. genediaid (i ngenediaid = i ñenediaid) if there is a pl.

COUNT (verb) nedia- (reckon, number) (i nedia, in nediar). Cited in archaic form ”noedia” = nödia- (LR:378 s.v. NOT); COUNT UP gonod- (i ’onod, i ngenedir = i ñenedir) (reckon, sum up), pa.t. gonont

COUNTLESS aronoded (endless, innumerable), pl. erenedid (archaic erönödid)

COUPLET (verse couplet) linnod (pl. linnyd)

COURSE *ŷr (construct yr; no distinct pl. form; coll. pl. yrath). Suggested Sindarin form of ”Noldorin” iôr.

COURSE rath (climb, climbing path, street, riverbed), pl. raist (idh raist) (UT:255)

COURTYARD pand (i band, o phand, construct pan), pl. paind (i phaind), coll. pl. pannath

COVER (a cover that hides) escal (screen, veil), pl. escail. Also spelt esgal (pl. esgail).

COVER toba- (i doba, i thobar) (roof over). Cited as a ”Noldorin” infinitive in -o (tobo)

CRABBED norn (twisted, knotted, contorted, hard), pl. nyrn. Also used as noun = ”Dwarf”. (MR:93, WJ:205)

CRAFT maenas (i vaenas) (handicraft, art), pl. maenais (i maenais), coll. pl. maenassath. Also curu (i guru, o churu) (cunning, cunning device, skill), pl. cyry (i chyry) (VT45:24); MAN OF CRAFT curunír (i gurunír, o churunír) (wizard), no distinct pl. form except with article (i churunír), coll. pl. ?curuníriath

CREATURE ûn (pl. uin). POWERFUL, HOSTILE AND TERRIBLE CREATURE (demon) graug (i ’raug), pl. groeg (in groeg), coll. pl. grogath (WJ:415)

CRESCENT (i gû, o chû) (arch, bow), pl. cui (i chui); CRESCENT MOON *cúron (i gúron, o chúron), pl. cúroen (i churoen). Suggested Sindarin form of ”Noldorin” cúran; compare the Sindarin month-names in -ron.

CREST OF A HELMET amloth (pl. emlyth). Literally "uprising-flower". The source also mentions a dialectal form almoth.

CROOK gamp (i ’amp) (hook, claw), pl. ?gaimp or ?gemp (i ngaimp = i ñaimp or i ngemp = i ñemp), coll. pl. gammath

CROOKED raen (no distinct pl. form). Note: a homophone means ”netted, enlaced”.

CROSS (verb) #athra- (isolated from the gerund athrad "crossing") (i athra, in athrar), also athrada- (traverse) (i athrada, in athradar)

CROSSING 1) athrad (ford), pl. ethraid, 2) iach (ford), pl. iaich

CROSSWAY tharbad (pl. therbaid)

CROW corch (i gorch, o chorch), pl. cyrch (i chyrch). Also *craban (i graban, o chraban), pl. crebain (i chrebain). Only the pl. crebain is attested. The sg. could be either *craban, *creban or *croban, but the first of these seems the most likely.

CROWD 1) hoth (i choth, o choth) (host, horde), pl. hyth (i chyth), 2) ovras (heap), pl. evrais (archaic övrais), coll. pl. ovrassath, 3) rim (great number, host), no distinct pl. form except with article (idh rim). Note: a homophone means ”cold pool or lake”.

CROWN (construct ri) (wreath, garland), no distinct pl. form except with article (idh rî)

CROWNED rîn (no distinct pl. form). Also used as noun CROWNED WOMAN (= queen): rîn, construct rin, no distinct pl. form except with article (idh rîn). Note: a homphone means ”remembrance”. CROWNED LADY ríen (queen), pl. ?rîn (idh rîn)

CRUEL 1) balch (lenited malch; pl. belch), 2) baug (tyrannous, oppressive) (lenited maug), pl. boeg

CRY (noun) caun (i gaun, o chaun) (clamour, outcry, shout), pl. coen (i choen), coll. pl. conath, the latter often used = "lamentation" (PM:345, 362). Note: a homophone of caun means "valour". CRY OF ENCOURAGEMENT IN BATTLE hûl (i chûl, o chûl, construct hul), pl. huil (i chuil)

CRY (OUT) 1) #nalla- (i nalla, in nallar). Attested in the 1st person present-tense form nallon ”I cry”. 2) CRY OUT can- (i gân, i chenir) (shout, call). Compare CALL OUT.

CRYSTAL (?) ivor, analogical pl. ivyr; CRYSTALLINE (?) ivrin, no distinct pl. form.

CUNNING (noun), CUNNING DEVICE curu (i guru, o churu) (skill, craft), pl. cyry (i chyry) (VT45:24). Similar forms function as adjectives: CUNNING (adj.) coru (wily), lenited goru, analogical pl. cery. Archaic corw (pl. cyrw).

CURSE (noun) *rhach (?i thrach or ?i rachthe lenition product of rh is uncertain), pl. rhaich (?idh raich). The word is only attested in mutated form e·’rach ”of the curse” in MR:373; David Salo theorizes that this is how a word in rh- appears after the genitival article en ”of the”.

CUSTODY band (i mand, o mband; construct ban) (prison, safekeeping, duress, doom, hell), pl. baind (i mbaind), coll. pl. bannath.

CUSTOM haew (i chaew, o chaew) (habit), same fom in pl. (also with article)

CUT (noun) 1) rest (ravine, cleft), pl. rist (idh rist), 2) criss (i griss, o chriss, construct cris) (cleft, slash), no distinct pl. form except with article (i chriss)

CUT ROUND osgar- (i osgar, in esgerir for archaic in ösgerir) (amputate). Also spelt oscar-.

CUTLASS lang (sword), pl. laing

CUTTER (sword) rist (cleaver), no distinct pl. except with article (idh rist). Note: a homophone means ”cleft”.

CUTTING cirith (i girith, o chirith) (cleft, pass), no distinct pl. form except with article (i chirith)

CYCLE andrann (age), pl. endrain. Suggested Sindarin form of ”Noldorin” anrand.

DADDY ada (pl. edai)

DAGGER sigil (i higil, o sigil) (knife), no distinct pl. form except with article (i sigil), coll. pl. sigiliath. Note: a homophone means ”necklace”.

DAILY (adj.) ilaurui (no distinct pl. form)

DAISY eirien (pl. eirin) (SD:128:31)

DAMP nîd (wet, tearful); no distinct pl. form

DANGLE *glinga- (i ’linga, in glingar) (hang). Cited as ”gling” in the source (LR369 s.v. LING)

DARE bertha- (i vertha, i merthar)

DARK BROWN baran (swart, dark brown, yellow brown, golden-brown), pl. berain

DARK doll (dusky, misty, obscure), lenited noll, pl. dyll. Note: In ”Noldorin”, this word appeared as dolt as well as doll, but the latter seems the best form in S.

DARK dûr (sombre), lenited dhûr, pl. duir


DARK ELF Mornedhel (i Vornedhel), pl. Mornedhil (i Mornedhil). Conceivably the entire word could be umlauted in the pl.: Mernedhil. (WJ:409). Also Duredhel (i Dhuredhel), pl. Duredhil (i Núredhil), also called Durion (i Dhurion), *"dark son", pl. Duryn (i Nuryn), coll. pl. Durionnath.


DARK môr (black), lenited vôr, pl. mŷr (Letters:382), also DARK morn (black), pl. myrn, lenited vorn. Note: the latter word is also used as a noun ”darkness, night”. (Letters:386) DARK graw (swart), lenited ’raw, pl. groe. (VT45:16) DARK PEOPLE Graurim (VT45:16); DARK SHADOW dúath (i dhúath) (nightshade), pl. dúaith (i núaith); DARK SORCERY guldur (i nguldur = i ñuldur), pl. gyldyr (in gyldyr = i ñgyldyr)



DARKNESS 1) (i dhû) (night, nightfall, late evening, dusk), pl. dui (i nui) (SD:302), 2) fuin (gloom, night, dead of night, nightshade). No distinct pl. form. 3) môr (i vôr, construct mor), pl. mŷr (i mŷr) if there is a pl. (Letters:382); 4 morn (i vorn) (night), pl. myrn (i myrn). Note: the word môr, morn is also used as an adjective ”dark, black”. (Letters:386)

DARTS, THROWER/HURLER OF (= warrior) hadron (i chadron, o chadron), pl. hedryn (i chedryn), coll. pl. hadronnath

DAUGHTER 1) iell (-iel) (girl, maid), pl. ill, 2) sell (i hell) (girl, maid), pl. sill (i sill), coll. pl. sellath. DAUGTHER OF TWILIGHT, see NIGHTINGALE

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