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only the front concession. By this map, we learn that at the mouth of the river had been, probably on Zwick's Island, an

Indian burying ground; and a lot is reserved for the Indians, for a burying ground. The map in forms us that lot No. 1, in

both the first and second concessions, was at first given to John Chisholm. Lot No. 2, in first and second concession, to

David Vanderheyden; No. 3, to Alexander Chisholm; No. 4, the reserve for the "Indian burying ground;" Nos. 5 and 6, to

Captain John Singleton. These are the only names which appear upon the map; but it is likely that lot No. 7, was granted

at first to Captain Myers. The late George Bleeker, Esq., told the writer that Captain Myers having stayed in Lower

Canada three years, came and settled upon lot 7, where he built a hut and lived for a year, before going to Sidney. This

was probably in 1787, when the surveying was proceeding. Thus it was that Captain Myers, who afterward gave a name

to the river and place, was the first squatter.

About this time, Captain Singleton, who had been a first settler in Ernesttown, came to Thurlow with a brother officer,

Lieutenant Israel Ferguson, both having recently married and settled upon lot No. 6.

Their object in coming was to carry on a fur trade with the Indians, who regularly descended the River Sagonoska to

barter, and subsequently to get their presents. The single log house which was first built, was shortly added to, by a

second compartment, into which was stored furs and goods for barter. The life of these first settlers of Thurlow was a

brief one, and the termination a sad one. Both had just married, and with their faithful servant, Johnson, and his wife,

they hoped for a future as bright as the wood and water which so beautifully surrounded them. It mattered not to them

that no human habitation existed nearer than the Mohawk settlement, and the Napanee River. Many trips with the batteau

were necessary to obtain a complete outfit for Indian trading, and ample provisions had to be laid up, with stores of rum.

These articles were procured at Kingston. Singleton had rented his farm in the second town; but reserved a room, where

he might stop on his way up and down. In September, 1789, Captain Singleton, his wife, child, some eight months old,

with Lieutenant Ferguson, his wife, and the servants, Johnson and wife, set out for Kingston and Ernesttown in a batteau.

The women were to visit in Ernesttown, while the men proceeded to Kingston to purchase flour and other articles. Not

long after starting, Singleton was taken ill. They stopped at Captain John's, at the Mohawk settlement, and Indian

medicines were given him; but he continued to grow worse, and when he reached his home, in Ernesttown, he was

dangerously ill. A doctor from Kingston was procured; but Captain Singleton died nine days after, from what seems to-

have been a malignant fever. His faithful servant, Johnson, contracted the disease and also died. Thus, Lieutenant

Ferguson was left with three women and a child, away from home, which could only be reached after much toil. Captain

Singleton was spoken of as a "pleasing gentleman, and beloved by all who knew him." His infant son grew to man's

estate, and became one of the first settlers of Brighton, where his widow, now far advanced in years, and descendants

History of the Settlement of Upper Canada, With Special Reference to the Bay of Quinte. THE NINTH

TOWN–THURLOW. page 490

Lieutenant Ferguson went to Kingston, exchanged his load of furs for a barrel of flour, then very dear, and other articles,

and returned with his charge to Thurlow. But Ferguson's days were also numbered; and, in three months' time, he died,

and there were left in the depth of winter, alone, upon the front of Thurlow, three widowed women, and an infant; with

but little to eat, beside the barrel of flour; which, before long, was to be the only article of food, and used by cup-fulls to

make spare cakes.
Lieutenant Ferguson, the associate of the first settler in the township, was at first a refugee from the Mohawk valley in

New York, and latterly served, probably in Johnson's regiment. He had lived a short time at Sorel before coming to

Thurlow. His body was buried upon a pleasant elevation, between their house and the plains to the east of the river. The

first one of the loyalists to die in Thurlow, his body was the first to be interred in the "Taylor burying ground." (no issue)

Letter from Israel Ferguson 1786 trying to collect back pay--
"Whereas the Act of Parliament direck that persons Giving in claims should signify their services as well as lofs of

property. I therefore beg leave to lay before the Honourable Commissioners as consider a detail as my ittieientsfun will

admit of, during the late unhappy disension

in America ------

In the year 1777 I was taken prisoner on lake George in going from Fort George to Ticonderoga, by a party of

rebells belonging to Colonel Browns Army who came in the rear of General Burgoyne's Army, and took Ticonderoga

landing with several other places adjutient to it.
I was detained at that place one night and the next day I was caused to accompany the Fleet which was going with

an intent to take Dimond Island and Fort George.Accordingly, myself with several of the prisoners was put on board a

Batteaux and none but prisoners was put on board with us.

WE then was ordered in the Center of the Fleet, which consisted of one Small Sloop with three twelve pounders,

Three Gun Boats, Two Barges and Seventeen Batteaux, all well mand, and night comming on which proved very dark

and Stormy, put the Enemy in Such Confusion that with the afsistance of two other of my fellow prisoners soon gave us

an Opportunity to to make our Escape, with the Boat and the other prisoners that was on board.
We then proceeded to Dimond Island with an Expedition Immagin n and gave information to Captain Chevy who

Commanded the Island of the Enemy's Approach, which was entirely unexppected to them. He then sent me to Fort

George to inform Lieutenant Ewin who Commanded the Fort of the Same, who also had not the last Intimation of the


This at that time was looked upon as a grate Service to Government and a considerable award was to be given to me

and the other two men who afsisted in ma king our Escape but a Continual employment in Scoutin and other Actual

Services prevented my making a proper application or I make no doubt but we should received.
After General Burgoyne's defeat, I came to Canada, From lst May 1778 to 20 May 1779 1 was constantly employed

in going from Canada to the Colonies for Intelligence.

In 1779 I brought a letter to Sir John

Johnson in order to be sent to the Commander in Chief giving a fair and exact account of a Considerable large army army

that was then on their march in order to Invade the (...?...) Forts and if

Succefsfull then to proceed down the River St. Lawrence to Montreal.

The 20 May 1779, 1 obtained an appointment in the Kings Rangers Commanded by Major James Rogers when I

served Fifteen Months and five days without any pay from Government in the Course of which time I recruited and

brought into His Majestys Service upwards of thirty men at my own expense.

Then I received Ensigns pay for two Months before which time

I had recruited upwards of Forty men,

Then from 25th October 1780 1 received Lieutenant's pay from which I served to 25 December 1783. 1 acted as

Lieutenant Adjutant and Quartermaster to the Kings Rangers for which I never received any Compensation but

Lieutenants pay and for all my other services before mentioned never received but Thirty pounds Halifax Currency."

(signed) Israel Ferguson


FD- He was on the roll for Disbanded Troops (etc.) in Cataraqui 6 Oct. 1784 with himself, one woman and two

servants. A note in the roll states: “On his way up to the Kings Lands.” Richard Ferguson Jr. was three away from him on
this list.

He was also listed in Cataraqui in 1785 as Lieut. Israel Ferguson.

In July-August 1786 he was also on this roll but with one female over 10 years, in addition to himself and his wife.

He presented the case for his father and brothers, as noted above, and was a witness for other applicants: On 27 Feb.

1786 he appeared at the Commission in Montreal to testify in behalf of Gysbert Sharpe who “possessed part of the Patent

of Kinderhook under his father’s will.” Israel Ferguson testified: “Remembers that in 1776 G. Sharpe was possessed of

good house and Barn, and Farm of 200 acres and more. There was 30 or 40 acres cleared and under good Improvmnts.

He had Negro Wench, and Cattle about his Farm. He lived comfortably and well.”

He produced a certificate in the case of Stephen and Daniel Burritt of Arlington, VT in favor of their getting a claim.

The record shows at Montreal, 28 Jan. 1788: “Produces certificate from Lieut. Ferguson that Claim’t served 3 yrs. & to

his having discharged his Duty as a good soldier & subject on every occasion.”

He was on a Muster Roll of 27 Jan. 1784 of Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers of the King’s Rangers.

He was the Lieut. in Major’s Company, Capt. James Breakenridge. There were only four volunteers in this company;

Richard, Farrington, Assa and Robert Ferguson.

The Township of Thurlow or the ninth town is bounded on the south by the Bay Of Quinte, on the west by the township

of Sidney, on the north by Huntingdon and on the east by Tyendinaga. The Moira River, named after the Earl of Moira,

afterward Marquis of Hastings, or Sagottaska, its original Indian name, runs through the township in a south-westerly

direction. Though not certain, it is believed the name of the township was derived from some titled nobleman who had

held an office under the British Government.
During the year 1787, Louis Kotte surveyed and laid out the front concession of Thurlow which was taken up by the

families of Capt. John Singleton, Lieut. Ferguson, an Indian Trader, David Vanderhyden, John and Alex Chisholm and

probably Capt. John Walter Myers, who it is said, located upon the front of Thurlow previous to his removal to Sidney.

12S. Nancy Singleton

"Nancy" from John Schneider, Florence SC via LDS
The Township of Thurlow or the ninth town is bounded on the south by the Bay Of Quinte, on the west by the township

of Sidney, on the north by Huntingdon and on the east by Tyendinaga. The Moira River, named after the Earl of Moira,

afterward Marquis of Hastings, or Sagottaska, its original Indian name, runs through the township in a south-westerly

direction. Though not certain, it is believed the name of the township was derived from some titled nobleman who had

held an office under the British Government.
During the year 1787, Louis Kotte surveyed and laid out the front concession of Thurlow which was taken up by the

families of Capt. John Singleton, Lieut. Ferguson, an Indian Trader, David Vanderhyden, John and Alex Chisholm and

probably Capt. John Walter Myers, who it is said, located upon the front of Thurlow previous to his removal to Sidney.

13. Ensign Richard Ferguson U.E.

Ferguson, Richard Junr. Marysburgh & Sophiasburgh M.C. Volunteer p. Regl. Roll.

Joined the British at Skeensborough, now Whitehall, in 1778. Under Captain Henry Young.

St. John's Quebec 1783, Rogers, Kings Rangers: Richard Ferguson Age 20, 5' 10", 1 year 8 months service.
Had become Lieutenant by time of his land grants in Prince Edward County.

(There is Frederica Grant alias Ferguson next to him and Israel in Hallowell-Athol-East Lake original map)

George Richard Ferguson was born about 1762. He died in 1842 in of Elizabethtown, (Brockville),Upper Canada. He

married Frederica Grant in 1784 in St. Jean, Quebec, Canada.

Other marriages: Sherwood, Clarissa

Frederica Grant died in 1847. She married George Richard Ferguson in 1784 in St. Jean, Quebec, Canada.


According to LDS GEDCOM, there is a Richard Ferguson b. Dec 23 1762, Ft. Edward, Albany Co, d. July 21 1842 &

married to Frederica Grant.


"George R. Ferguson was another officer who had shown an aptitude for recruiting. In the American Revolution,

Ferguson served as a volunteer in the King's Rangers, rising to the rank of ensign prior to the corps' disbandment in

December 1783, enabling him to collect half-pay. In 1794 Ferguson was appointed a lieutenant in the Royal Canadian

Volunteers. As senior lieutenant of the 2nd Battalion, Ferguson secured a captaincy in 1798 by paying a captain £100 to

resign. This infraction was ignored because of Ferguson's success in raising recruits for the Royal Canadian Volunteers.

This was probably a determining factor when Ferguson was made a captain with temporary rank in the Canadian

Fencibles in 1805. Because of his ranger experience during the American Revolution and his expanded knowledge of

skirmish tactics derived from fellow officers in the Royal Canadian Volunteers, Ferguson proved to be the best candidate

to command the Canadian Fencibles' light infantry company."
"Captain George Ferguson was also performing staffing duties in 1812. In September 1810 Ferguson was appointed to

act as the Paymaster for the 10th Royal Veteran Battalion at Quebec, a role he fulfilled until October 1811. After only a

month back with the regiment, Ferguson was again called upon to act as a paymaster, this time for a detachment of the

41st Regiment at Quebec, until May 1812. An officer's return to his regiment from staff employ did not necessarily mean

he was finished with those particular duties. In August, Ferguson was criticised for his delay in transmitting the accounts

of the 10th Royal Veterans, and was told to settle the public accounts he had been responsible for while he was with that

regiment. From August until the end of the year Ferguson served as the paymaster of the Flank Battalion, of which his

company was a member."

"The only single captain known of in the Canadian Fencibles in 1812 was the 31-year-old paymaster William Marshall,

the youngest captain of the regiment. The most unusual domestic situation was that of George Richard Ferguson. After

the American Revolution, under the name Richard Ferguson, he married Frederica Grant at St. Jean, Quebec in 1784.

Their marriage took a turn for the worst, and in 1799, while serving as a captain in the Royal Canadian Volunteers in

Niagara, they separated. In the deed of separation they "agreed henceforth for and during their respective natural lives to

live separate and apart." Ferguson promised "not to ever frequent her company or converse at any time with her and shall

not sue or disturb any person or persons that shall receive her into their habitations." The deed stipulated that while

Ferguson remained in His Majesty's service he would pay Frederica £50 annually for the first two years of their

separation and £66 annually thereafter. Ferguson was also required to "pay any debt she incurs."

Possibly in an attempt to escape the expensive terms of this statement, Ferguson changed his name to George R.

Ferguson when he joined the Canadian Fencibles in 1805. In a dispute that arose later, his brother Farrington remarked: "

How he came by the name of George R. is best known to himself." After the war, Ferguson eventually settled in

Elizabethtown, Upper Canada and in 1823 married the 23-year-old Clarissa Sherwood, daughter of Reuben Sherwood,

loyalist, militia officer and community leader. At the time of their wedding in Ogdensburg, N.Y., Ferguson was 61 years

old. When Ferguson died in 1842, a battle began over who was his lawful wife and thus entitled to widow pension

benefits offered by the British Government. Frederica gained the support of former officers of the Royal Canadian

Volunteers, while Clarissa convinced two Canadian Fencible officers residing in Elizabethtown to support her case.

While it is unclear who won the contest, when Frederica died in 1847, she was noted as Ferguson's widow."

1788 Listed in compensation claim as still living in Bay of Quinte area.

1801 Captain in Royal Canadian Volunteers at Niagara & living at Cavan.

1805 Temporary Captain of Canadian Fencibles at York.

Following is the text of a lecture given in the November, 2000 chat at The On-Line Institute for Advanced Loyalist

Who was the typical Provincial soldier?
There are some nice detailed lists of the Northern Army for the end of the war that show some personal information. In

looking at information for about 1825 soldiers raised in upper New York and that part of New England, a full 1254 were

born in America.
The next largest group came from Scotland, followed by Ireland, then England. Germans were mixed in, as well as other

European countries, and even one from Hungary.

The Army in America probably had a similar ratio, with possibly an even greater number of native born Americans.
They were mostly young, but the ages ran the spectrum. Soldiers were mostly in their late teens or twenties when they

enlisted, although soldiers could be as young as 15. Drummers and fifers were as young as nine.

On the other end, in very small numbers, there were soldiers over 65. One soldier from the Nova Scotia Volunteers was

dismissed from that corps for being around 80!

Height is always an interesting topic of discussion with reenactors, but soldiers really were smaller back then. Size lists

are available for only a few corps, but the average size of most soldiers was between five feet four and five feet seven or

eight. It would be uncommon to see more than a half dozen men in a regiment of six hundred men that were six feet tall.
As a provincial soldier, one would get a bounty on enlisting. This bounty was paid by the government and increased as

the war went on. Initially it was 2 guineas (a guinea is one pound, one shilling), then 3 guineas, then 6 guineas for much

of 1781.
In addition, officers of regiments often pooled their money to give to new recruits as an additional bounty. This was done

to strengthen the regiment's numbers in order to secure their establishment at the end of the war (and the officer's own

permanent half pay pension).
A new recruit was immediately to be taken to a civilian magistrate to be "attested." That meant he had the oath of

allegiance tendered to him, followed by the articles of war concerning mutiny and desertion. This was also known as

The recruit was then a soldier, liable for immediate duty and even combat. There was no such thing as boot camp back

A person joined a particular regiment, not just the army, and it was that regiment's job to teach him to be a soldier. It was

pure on the job training. Muster rolls show some men captured in battle within days of their joining the army.
First a soldier had to be outfitted with clothing. Clothing came from two sources - the inspector general (via shipments

sent from England) and locally from the captains of the regiments.

The King provided each soldier with a regimental coat, a waistcoat, breeches, stockings, shirts, shoes, a hat, neck stock,

and buckles. Soldiers required more clothing than this though, including trousers, additional shirts, shoes, stockings, caps,

etc. These things were provided by the soldier's company captain, and the soldier himself was charged for them. His

captain also provided him with things like tobacco and soap, plus items to clean his belts and accoutrements.

As a soldier, he was also to be fed by the King. But this too the soldier was expected to pay for out of his pay. Each day a

soldier was to receive one pound of salt beef or 12 ounces of salt pork, one pound of bread, peas, cheese, butter, oatmeal,

and rum.
For this hearty meal, 2 and 1/2 pence were deducted daily from his pay. Additionally, a soldier received a daily allowance

of spruce beer, free, as a gift from the King.

The salary of a private was a whopping six pence a day. From that the soldier had deducted his provisions, his additional

clothing and supplies, an allowance to the surgeon and paymaster, and some unique charges. For example, if a soldier

was sentenced to corporal punishment, he was to pay a fee to the drummer who administered the lashes!
Soldiers were also liable to pay their hospital bills. Regiments who had sick in the General Hospital were charged for the

care the men received. A regiment could then charge back the man who had been sick.

Soldiers were subject to military discipline as soon as they were attested. This meant they could be tried by a court and

punished if found guilty. That was why they were read the articles of war.

The most common cause of discipline problems came from drinking. Boredom was a big part of being a soldier, and

drinking was an accepted vice. It was even encouraged.

Extra rum was allowed to soldiers on fatigue duty, on guard during inclement weather, and on holidays. Add to this the

ration of daily beer, plus the availability of more liquor at taverns, sutlers and ale houses, and it is amazing these people

were sober at all!
Instances of drunken brawls were not uncommon. The Rowland Lennox Court Martial gives a perfect example of what

happened one St. Patrick's Day in New York with the Queen's Rangers and DeLancey's Brigade.

While drunk, soldiers often wandered off or deserted. Sometimes when they sobered up they were too afraid to go back,
fearing punishment. Punishment was indeed something to be afraid of.
The most common sentence was to be whipped on the bare back with a cat of nine tails by the drummers of the regiment.

A cat is a leather whip with nine strands to it.

For minor offenses, such as being asleep on guard, or stealing a pair of shoes, punishment could be 100 or even 300

lashes. Stealing of a more serious nature, plundering, desertion and other serious crimes could bring sentences of 500,

1000 or even 1500 lashes. Some robberies, assault, desertion and mutiny could be a death sentence. It's not too hard to

see why some of these folks were afraid to go back!

A soldier was liable for service anywhere in America, although sometimes they disputed that. Soldiers from NJ, for

instance, ended up serving in East Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York and Connecticut.

Some of the regiments raised in the South, though, believed they were only liable for service there, which was pretty

much honored.

Another interesting thing is that many of the soldiers served alongside many of their relatives. It was not uncommon for a

soldier to serve in the same company with his father, brothers and cousins. One can only imagine the difficulty of losing

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