Guess the Test #1 Answer key
Constantinople: The capital of the Byzantine Empire.
The Byzantine Empire: The eastern half of the Roman Empire that lasted until 1453 AD.
Justinian I: Byzantine emperor who came to power in 527 AD. He recaptured lands of the old Roman Empire, codified Rome’s laws, built the Hagia Sophia.
Theodora: Justinian’s wife and co-ruler. A former actress and circus performer, she was his chief advisor and confidant.
General Belisarius:Justinian’s general who recaptured North Africa and Rome.
The Code of Justinian : A collection of all existing laws in the Byzantine emperor at the time, updated and revised by Justinian.
The Nika Revolts: A riot after a chariot race in Constantinople in 532 in which ½ of the city was destroyed and 30,000 people died.
Hagia Sophia: A magnificent domed Christian church that Justinian built.
Mosaics:Pictures created by fitting together tiny colored tiles and cementing them in place.
Iconoclasts: “Icon breakers;” people who thought that images of Christ, the disciples and the Virgin Mary in church was too much like idol worshipping. They wanted them all removed.
Icons:Paintings or sculptures of sacred figures from the Bible.
Excommunicate: To forbid a person from attending church services.
Patriarch: The head of the Eastern Christian Church
Schism: A split in which the Christian church broke into two: the Roman Catholic Church in Italy, and the Greek Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire.
Orthodox Church: The Christian church in the Byzantine Empire led by a patriarch instead of a pope. Services are conducted in Greek instead of Latin.
Istanbul:What the city of Constantinople is called today.
Explaining Questions: 5 points each! 1. Write about Justinian I and list his ambitious projects:
Justinian tried to restore the old Roman Empire lands lost to Barbarian invaders. He was re-conquered North Africa and Rome.
He rebuilt Constantinople after it was destroyed in the Nika Revolts.
He collected, reviewed and modernized all Roman laws in existence and created Justinian’s Code which became the base of European law.
He built the Hagia Sophia – the greatest church in Christendom.
He stayed to fight the rioters during the Nika Revolt after his wife told him not to run away.