Socrates: An ancient Athenian philosopher. He is often given credit for setting the foundation for Western philosophy. He developed the Socratic Method and Socratic irony. He was executed for his beliefs and could have saved his own life by forsaking philosophy.
Sparta: A city in southern Greece. Sparta was dedicated to military training and had the most fearsome army in all of Greece. They are also known for their victories over the Athenian and Persian empires. Spartan kings were believed to be direct descendants of Heracles himself.