Greek Mythology and Homer’s



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Greek Mythology and Homer’s Odyssey Web Quest Mr. Gonzales

Read and follow the instructions carefully. You must read the materials on the web pages carefully and completely answer the questions which follow in order to get the full benefit of this introduction to Greek Mythology and Homer’s Odyssey.


Background


  1. Click on the following link. Read the entire page and answer the questions which follow. http://messagenetcommresearch.com/myths/essays/origins.html

  2. Greek Myths like Homer’s Odyssey revolve around the religious beliefs of an ancient people who lived in Greece and Asia Minor who shared a common belief in a group of deities that came to be known as ____________________________.

  3. The stories of the Olympians survived because they had the largest number of followers and, most importantly, The Olympians did not forbid or punish the pursuit of _______________________.

  4. These ancient Greeks believed ________________, __________________, and _________________________________ are the blessings of The Immortals and are a vital part of the Greek tradition.

  5. The Olympians are descended from the primal, self created gods, beginning with ______________.

  6. The Olympians are ruled by ________________. He is the strongest and, as you will see, without him, the other Olympians would still be held captive inside their devious father, Kronos.

  7. According to the Greeks, the various rivers, mountains and forces of nature are the ‘bodies’ of the Immortals and proper ________________ must always be shown if you (they) wish to have peace at home and safe passage when you (they) travel.

  8. The oldest myths can be traced to three main sources: ______________, __________________, and ____________________________________, circa 800 b.c.e. That means that by the time they were written down, these works had survived ____________ years of additions, subtractions and mutations to finally become the versions we now call ‘authentic’.

  9. The Greek Myths are our window into the distant past, a view of a world that existed not only in the mind of the Greek poets but in the hearts of the humble and long suffering natives of ancient Greece.

  10. Read the “Where to begin” section of the page and record the name of the island that is sacred to Aphrodite ________________________.



Author

Click on the following link and read to answer the questions which follow http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homer.




  1. Who is the author of The Odyssey? ____________________________

  2. The Epic Poem of Homer belong to an ancient tradition known as the ______________ Tradition.

  3. Scroll down to the “Identity and Authorship” section on the page, read the first full paragraph of the section and identify at least three beliefs scholars hold about Homer.

A.
B.
C.


Epic Poetry Definitions

Click on the following link, read, and fill in the blanks to complete the definition of an epic poem below http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epic_poetry.

14. An epic poem is a _________________ _________________________ _________________________________ poem ordinarily concerning a serious subject containing details of ________________ deeds and events significant to a culture or nation.

Click on this link, read, and answer the following questions



http://mseffie.com/assignments/beowulf/epic.html15

The epic is generally defined: A ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­_______________ ___________________ poem on a great and serious subject, related in an _________________ style, and ____________________ on a _______________ or quasi-divine figure on whose actions depends the ____________ of a tribe, a nation, or the human race. The traditional epics were shaped by a literary artist from historical and legendary materials which had developed in the ______________ traditions of his nation during a period of expansion and warfare


Characteristics of an Epic Poem

Click on the following web site, scroll down to where it begins, “Epic Conventions, or characteristics common to both types include:” http://homepage.mac.com/mseffie/assignments/beowulf/epic.html Read the descriptions from the web site and complete the following information

16. The hero is a figure of great national or even cosmic importance, usually the ideal man of his culture. He often has _________________ or _______________ traits.  He has an imposing physical stature and is greater in all ways than the common man.


  1. The setting is vast in scope. It covers great geographical distances, perhaps even visiting the underworld, other worlds, or other times.

  2. The action consists of deeds of valor or superhuman courage (especially in battle).

  3. _____________________ forces interest themselves in the action and intervene at times. The intervention of the _____________ is called "machinery."

  4. The style of writing is elevated, even ceremonial.

  5. Additional conventions: certainly all are not always present)

    1. Opens by stating the _______________ of the epic.

    2. Writer invokes a ____________, one of the nine daughters of _________.  The poet prays to the muses to provide him with divine inspiration to tell the story of a great hero.

    3. Narrative opens in media res. This means "in the middle of things," usually with the hero at his lowest point.  Earlier portions of the story appear later as flashbacks.

    4. Main characters give extended formal speeches.

    5. Use of the epic simile.  A standard simile is a comparison using "like" or "as."  An epic or Homeric simile is a more involved, ornate comparison, extended in great detail.

    6. Heavy use of repetition and stock phrases. The poet repeats passages that consist of several lines in various sections of the epic and uses ___________________ ______________________, short, recurrent phrases used to describe people, places, or things.  Both made the poem easier to memorize.





Characters from Homer’s Odyssey

Click on the following link http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/odyssey/characters.html. Find the names of the following gods and goddesses, copy an paste the information about each one beside his/her name..



Gods and goddesses

Cronos – Father of Zeus

Zeus –

Poseidon –



Athena –

Monsters and challenges
Calypso –

Polyphemus –

Circe –

Tiresias –



Sirens – In Greek mythology, the Sirens are creatures with the head of a female and the body of a bird. They lived on an island (Sirenum scopuli; three small rocky islands) and with the irresistible charm of their song they lured mariners to their destruction on the rocks surrounding their island
Charybdis – Charybdis was once a nymph-daughter of Poseidon and Gaia who flooded lands for her father's underwater kingdom until Zeus turned her into a monster and have her suck in and out water three times an day. She lived in a cave at one side of the Strait of Messina, opposite the monster Scylla, the two of them forming a dangerous threat to passing ships.
Scylla – In Greek mythology, a sea monster who lived underneath a dangerous rock at one side of the Strait of Messia, opposite the whirlpool Charybdis. She threatened passing ships and in the Odyssey ate six of Odysseus' companions.
Calypso - Calypso was a nymph, the daughter of the Titan Atlas. She lived on the island of Ogygia. After the last of Odysseus' men had perished at sea, Odysseus himself was washed ashore on Ogygia, where Calypso became enamored of him, taking him as her lover and promising him immortality if he would stay with her. Odysseus refused her offer, wishing to return home to Ithaca and to his wife, Penelope. But Calypso refused to let him leave, and held him prisoner for seven years. Finally Athena complained of Odysseus' plight to Zeus, and Zeus sent Hermes to Ogygia to order Calypso to set Odysseus free. Calypso complied reluctantly, allowing Odysseus to construct a small boat and set sail from the island.
Lotus Eaters(Lotophagi) – A legendary, friendly people that fed themselves with the fruit of the lotus tree. Those who ate the fruit, forgot their friends and homes, and lost all desire to return to their native land. The hero Odysseus, on one of his journeys, came across them and when his companions at the fruit, they forgot all about their homes.
Humans
Odysseus –

Penelope –

Telemachus –

Eumaeus –

Alcinous –

Nausicaa –

Arete -

Agamemnon –

Lartes –

Antinous –

Eurycleia –

Melanthius –

Melantho –

Menelaus –

Helen –


Eurymachus –

Lampetia – The daughter of Helios. Together with Phaetusa she guarded her father's oxen on the island of Thrinacia. When Odysseus' companions slaughtered some of them, she informed her father about this.


Eurylochus – Friend of Odysseus
Eurynome – A servant of Penelope.
Anticlea – The daughter of Autolycus, wife of Laertes, and mother of Odysseus. She died of grief over Odysseus' absence.
Elpenor – The friend of Odysseus. While drunk he fell from the roof of Circe's palace and broke his neck.

Gods and goddesses

Go to http://www.greek-gods.info/ Click on the names of the following gods and goddesses on the left hand side of the page in the box that says, “The Olympian Gods,” copy and paste the information about each one beside his/her name.

Apollo –

Hermes –


Hades –

Go to http://www.pantheon.org/areas/mythology/europe/greek/articles.html Click on the first letter of the names of the following gods and goddesses on the left hand side of the page in the box that says, “Browse,” copy and paste the information about each one beside his/her name. The first paragraph of each is usually enough.

Persephone –

Aeolus –



Monsters
Cyclopses –
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