Graphic Organizer The Vikings changed Europe



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longship
long, narrow ships used by Vikings, powered by oars and sails
Example: The warriors sailed in the longship to raid the villages.

41

fjord
a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs

Example: The people who lived near the fjord fished and sailed upon the water there.


42

raid
a surprise “hit and run” style of attack by forces which do not intend to stay in or occupy the territory they have invaded
Example: The Vikings raided many areas in Europe.

(SS070606)





Student Handout #1 – Viking Timeline

Year

Event

Label each event as one of the following: Raid; Settlement; Conquest; Defeat; or Exploration

789

Vikings begin their attacks on England.





840

Viking settlers found the city of Dublin in Ireland.





844

A Viking raid on Seville (Spain) is defeated.





853

Vikings from Norway settle across Ireland.





860

Vikings attack Constantinople (Istanbul), center of the Byzantine Empire.





866

Vikings from Denmark establish a kingdom in York, England.





871

Alfred the Great (not a Viking!), becomes king of England and stops the Danish Viking advance in England.





886

Alfred makes an agreement with the Danes and divides England with them.





900

The Vikings raid along the Mediterranean coast.





911

The Viking chief Rollo is granted land by the Franks and founds Normandy in France. The descendants of these Vikings become known as Normans (men of the north).





941

Vikings attack Constantinople (Istanbul).





981

The Viking leader Erik the Red discovers Greenland.





986

Viking ships sail in Newfoundland waters off the coast of Canada, long before Columbus.





995

Olav I becomes King of Norway and declares it a Christian kingdom.





1000

Leif Eriksson, son of Erik the Red, explores the coast of North America.





1000

Norway is ruled by the Danes.





1010

Viking explorers attempt to found a settlement in North America.





1013

The Danes conquer England.





1015

Vikings abandon the Vinland settlement on the coast of North America.





1028

King Knut (Canute), king of England and Denmark, conquers Norway.





1042

Edward the Confessor rules England with the support of the Danes.





1050

The city of Oslo is founded in Norway and established as a major trade center.





1066

William, of Norman Viking descent, wins control of England. By this time, the Vikings have settled in many of the places they had raided, becoming residents in new places and changing in the process, and the age of the Viking raider and trader is over.




Look across the labels you placed next to each event. What sorts of patterns do you see? Were the Vikings successful? Were they settlers or raiders, or both? What general ideas can you form about the Vikings from this timeline? Write some of these ideas below:







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