As the students learn about the steps leading to the American Revolution, they will receive an assignment to distribute a petition to friends and adults asking their viewpoint on five pivotal points on government power today. The students will not learn at this point that the key points are (or are similar to) those found in the Declaration of Independence. The students are to turn in their petitions several days prior to the lessons on the Declaration of Independence begin.
As the students are obtaining signatures on the petition, the teacher will continue teaching about the steps that led to the American Revolution. The students will need to understand the deteriorating relationship between England and the American colonies. They will also need to know the progression of meetings that led to the Second Continental Congress commissioning Thomas Jefferson to write the Declaration of Independence.
The students will learn the key points of the Declaration of Independence.
The lesson is also written so that if a teacher chooses not to do the petition activity, the class can begin on day two of the lesson.
Basic Rights: Students will be able to (SWBAT) explain the basic rights as outlined in the Declaration of Independence. Right to Revolution: SWBAT explain why and under what conditions the American colonists felt they could overthrow their governing system and establish a new one; SWBAT evaluate whether the colonists were justified in utilizing their theory of “right of revolution” given the grievances they list in the Declaration.
The Purpose of Government: SWBAT describe the reasons for the establishment of governments according to Thomas Jefferson and other signatories of the Declaration.
The Causes of the Revolutionary War: SWBAT describe the causes of the Revolutionary War, as listed in the Declaration.
Relationship between Religion and Politics: SWBAT evaluate the importance of the appeals to a Creator, Supreme Judge, or Divine Providence in the Declaration.