Government Final slo review Name

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Government Final SLO Review Name______________________

The following were concepts debated during ratification of the Constitution. Match the concept to the reasoning behind it:

A. A strong national government E. Union (no more confederation)

B. Representative Democracy F. Separation of Powers

C. Checks and Balances G. Federalism

D. Popular Sovereignty

_E__1. The freedom of Americans depends on them maintaining their national unity

_C__2. No one branch of government should have enough power to become tyrannical and violate the rights and liberties of the people.

_G__3. Power and responsibility are shared between state governments and the national government.

_D__4. The people elect representatives who then decide public matters.

_A__5. The national government should have the power to address national problems and perform proper functions of government.

_B__6. The people giving authority to make and implement laws to elected representatives.

We the people, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and ensure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and posterity do ordain and establish this Constitution of the United States of America.

Use the Preamble above to complete #s 7-18.

List the six purposes of our government as found in the Preamble

7. _Form a more perfect union___________________________________________________________

8. __Establish justice___________________________________________________________________

9. ___Insure domestic tranquility_________________________________________________________

10.  __Provide for the common defense________________________________________________

11. __Promote the general welfare___________________________________________

12. _Ensure the blessings of liberty__________________________________________________

List the purpose of government described with the example below.

13. The national government make laws that are broad for the whole nation, but states can make laws that are specific just to their needs.

__Form a more perfect union_______________________________________________

14. The Judicial branch of our government has the power to interpret laws.

_____Establish justice___________________________________________________

15. We have laws that protect us from riots, looting, chaos, etc.

____Insure domestic tranquility___________________________________________________

16. The government has the power to maintain an army and a navy

____Provide for the common defense__________________________________________

17. Laws protect us from damage that can be done through the abuse of individual rights

____Promote the general welfare__________________________________________

18. Civil Rights and Civil Liberties are guaranteed to us all

____Ensure the blessings of liberty_________________________________________

Match the following terms with the definitions below

A. Rule of Law D. Popular Sovereignty

B. Separation of Powers E. Checks & Balances

C. Federalism

_D__19. People rule

_E__20. The branches keep each other in line

_C__21. Power is divided between the national and state governments

_A__22. Limited government

_B__23. Each branch has its own job to do

Answer the following two questions from your first Unit test

_A__24. Which of the following is NOT one of the main Constitutional Ideas Debated in the Federalist Papers?

    1. no national government c. popular sovereignty

    2. separation of powers d. checks and balances

_B__25. Which concept below put an end to the unicameral government from the Articles of Confederation?

a. Union b. Separation of Powers c. Checks & Balances d. Delegated Authority

The following two sections are also from your first unit test. Match the statement

Section 1

  1. Form a more perfect Union D. Establish Justice

  2. Ensure Domestic Tranquility E. Provide for the Common Defense

  3. Promote the General Welfare F. Ensure the blessings of liberty

_B__26. The National Guard was sent in to stop the riots in Ferguson, MO.

_E__27. Congress makes sure tax money goes to pay for the various branches of our military.

_A__28. The National government makes general laws, but the individual states can make laws that are

more specific to their needs.

_D__29. The federal court system is set up to provide justice for both, those who have been wronged

and those do wrong.

_C__30. People can worship as they please, as long as their worship doesn’t hurt someone else or

prevent someone else from worshiping.

_F__31. We are guaranteed rights and guaranteed that the government won’t violate these rights.

Section 2

  1. Limited Government D. Popular Sovereignty

  2. Separation of Powers E. Checks and Balances

  3. Federalism

_B__32. Congress makes a law, the President enforces the law, and the Supreme Court will interpret the


_E__33. Congress made a law, the President vetoed the law, and the Supreme Court declared the

President’s veto to be unconstitutional.

_A__34. The government can only do what the voters give it the power to do.

_D__35. There are national elections every two years.

_C__36. The national government controls trade between the states, but they states control trade within their own borders.

Match the role of the President with its description below.

A. Commander in Chief E. Chief Executive

B. Chief Legislator F. Chief of State

C. Chief Diplomat G. Chief Administrator

D. Chief Citizen H. Chief of Party

_D__37. He represents the people of the United States.

_E__38. He makes sure all laws are enforced.

_C__39. He works with other countries to get them to cooperate with each other and the world.

_F__40. He sets the U.S. foreign policy.

_H__41. He is the leader of his political party.

_A__42. He is the head of the United States military.

_G__43. He is the leaders of all Federal employees.

_B__44. Signs bills into law or can veto them.

Answer the questions below from your fourth unit test.

45. In January of 1991, President George H.W. Bush ordered U.S. military forces to invade Kuwait in an attempt to free the country from the grip of the Iraqi Army. Which of the roles of the President does this BEST represent?

A. Commander in Chief B. Chief of State

C. Chief Executive D. Chief Administrator

46. In 1981, President Ronald Reagan fired more than 11,000 air traffic controllers who ignored his order to return to work. Which of the roles of the President does this BEST represent?

A. Commander in Chief B. Chief of State

C. Chief Executive D. Chief Administrator

47. President Obama signed the START Treaty with Russian President Medvedev. Which of the roles of the President does this BEST represent?

A. Commander in Chief B. Chief of State

C. Chief Executive D. Chief Administrator

48. In 1957, in Little Rock Arkansas, nine students were being denied the right to integrate Central High School…

President Eisenhower knew he had to act boldly. He placed the Arkansas National Guard under federal control and sent 1,000 U.S. Army paratroopers from the 101st Airborne Division to assist them in restoring order in Little Rock. The daring tactic worked and the African American students were enrolled without further violent disturbances. The law had been upheld, but Eisenhower was criticized both by those who felt he had not done enough to ensure civil rights for African Americans and those who believed he had gone too far in asserting federal power over the states. (

Which of the roles of the President does this BEST represent?

A. Commander in Chief B. Chief of State

C. Chief Executive D. Chief Administrator

49. In 1978, after meetings and negotiations with Egyptian Prime Minister Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, U.S. President Jimmy Carter finally persuaded them to sign the Camp David Accords which ultimately led to peace between the two countries. Which of the roles of the President does this BEST represent?

A. Commander in Chief B. Chief of State

C. Chief Legislator D. Chief Diplomat

50. In 1964, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law the historic Civil Rights Act in a nationally televised ceremony at the White House. Which of the roles of the President does this BEST represent?

A. Commander in Chief B. Chief of State

C. Chief Legislator D. Chief Diplomat

Match the branch of government below with its structure and power. You will use each one more than once.

A. Legislative Branch B. Executive Branch C. Judicial Branch

_A__51. Bicameral.

_B__52. Federal Bureaucracy

_C__53. Constitutional Courts and Legislative Courts

_B__54. The President, Vice President, Executive Departments, etc.

_C__55. Supreme Court, Courts of Appeal, District Courts

_A__56. Makes the Laws

_A__57. House of Representatives & Senate

_C__58. U.S. Military Court of Appeals, U.S. Claims Court, U.S. Tax Court, & U.S. Court of Veterans Appeals

_C__59. Interprets laws

_B__60. Enforces laws

Match the branch with its proper action in the checks and balances system.

A. Congress (either the House, Senate, or both)

B. The President

C. Supreme Court

_B__61. Can veto a law.

_C__62. Can declare laws to be unconstitutional

_A__63. Can bring charges of impeachment and try the impeachment case

_B__64. Signs a bill into law

_B__65. Appoints justices and judges

_C__66. Can declare Presidential actions to be unconstitutional

_A__67. Approves Presidential appointments

_A__68. Can override a presidential veto

_A__69. Approves treaties signed by the President

_A__70. It takes 2/3rds of this to override a veto

Answer the questions below from your first unit test.

_A__71. This branch wrote a law setting the minimum voting age nation-wide at 18 years old.

a. Legislative b. Judicial c. Executive d. Unicameral

_C__72. This branch made sure the schools were desegregated and African-American children could

attend public schools with whites by sending troops in when needed.

a. Legislative b. Judicial c. Executive d. Unicameral

_B__73. This branch declared the concept of ‘separate-but-equal’ to laws that violated the Constitution.

    1. Legislative b. Judicial c. Executive d. Unicameral

Match the term/organization below with its action.

A. House of Representatives D. Senate

B. Committee E. Subcommittee

C. Conference Committee F. President

_B__74. They may do one of the following regarding a bill: Report it, Refuse to report it, Report it with amendments, Report it unfavorably, or Report a brand new bill

_E__75. For bills, they investigate it, debate it, and recommend its fate

_A__76. Bills involving taxes must originate here

_C__77. The iron out the differences when a bill passes each house in a different version

_F__78. He can sign a bill into law or veto it

_D__79. A bill can be filibustered here if the minority wants to try to kill it

Use the words below to match the numbers in the path the bill would take in order to become a law. You will use answers more than once! These are actually #s 80-89.

A. Conference Committee D. House of Representatives & the Senate

B. House of Representatives E. Subcommittee

C. Senate F. Standing Committee





Who can sign it, veto it, pocket veto it, or ignore it

The bill is read and sent to a…

The bill is researched by a…

The bill is sent back to the committee then on back to the whole…


The bill passes and is sent to the…


The bill is read and sent to a…


The bill is researched by a…


The bill is sent back to the committee then back to the whole…


The bill passes, but it’s different so both versions go to a…








Match the Legislative leadership position to the description below. You may use them more than once.

A. Speaker of the House D. President of the Senate

B. Majority Floor Leader E. Minority Floor Leader

C. President Pro Tempore F. Committee Chairmen

_A__90. The most powerful person in the House of Representatives

_B__91. The most powerful person in the Senate

_A__92. The most powerful person in all of Congress

_B__93. Maintains party organization for the party with the most members

_E__94. Maintains party organization for the party with the least members

_C__95. Takes over when the President of the Senate is not present

_F__96. Decides when a committee will meet

_B__97. Decides which bills will be debated by the Senate

_A__98, Sends bills to the appropriate committee in the House

_D__99. Votes only to break a tie

_C__100. Sends bills to the appropriate committee in the Senate

Choose which fits the descriptions below. You will use each one repeatedly.

A. House of Representatives B. Senate C. Both A and B

_B__101. They approve Presidential appointments

_A__102. They bring charges of impeachment

_A_103. All revenue-raising/tax bill must originate with them

_B__104. They try cases of impeachment

_A__105. They have the Speaker of the House

_C__106. They are organized my majority political party

_B__107. The President Pro Tem takes over when their leader is absent

_A__108. The most powerful leader in Congress is in this house.

_B__109. The Majority Leaders is the most powerful person in this house.

_C__110. It takes a 2/3rds vote to override a Presidential veto.

Choose one of the following to match to the description below. You will use each answer repeatedly.

A. National Government B. State Government C. Both/Either A or B

_A__111. They have the final say due to the Supremacy Clause

_C__112. Their laws are subject to the Constitution

_C__113. They can levy and collect taxes

_C__114. They can borrow money

_B__115. They establish local schools

_B__116. They regulate trade and business within the state

_B__117. They set license requirements for professionals

_C__118. They can claim private property for public use (eminent domain)

_A__119. They coin money

_B__120. They conduct elections

Match the Enumerated/Expressed Power of Congress with the Implied Power that goes with it below.

A. Lay and Collect Taxes C. Coin Money E. Declare War

B. Establish Courts D. Regulate Interstate & Foreign Trade

_C__121. Congress can make paper money legal tender

_E__122. Congress passed the War Powers Resolution in 1973 to limit the President’s power to wage war.

_A__123. Congress can establish the Federal Reserve System to store and distribute tax money

_D__124. Congress can tax imports and refuse to let states trade with certain countries

_B__125. Congress established the Special Legislative Courts to help enforce their enumerated powers – ex: U.S. Tax Court

Match the unwritten qualification for President to the description below.

A. Good record in public office E. Pleasant/Healthy Looking

B. Previously a Governor or Senator F. Happily Married/family oriented

C. Protestant or Christian based faith G. Good at public speaking

D. Come from larger/more populated state

_G__126. President Reagan, a former actor.

_B__127. President George W. Bush

_C__128. President Jimmy Carter, a Baptist

_D__129. President George H.W. Bush, from Texas

_A/E__130. President John Kennedy, very popular due to his representation of Massachusetts

_F__131. President Barak Obama who is supported in his Presidency by his wife and daughters

Fill in the statement below by placing the terms Civil Rights and Civil Liberties in the proper place.

132. ___CIVIL LIBERTIES___________________________________ are protections against government actions. For example, the First Amendment of the Bill of Rights guarantees citizens the right to practice whatever religion they please. 133. ____CIVIL RIGHTS_____________________________________, in contrast, refer to positive actions of government should take to create equal conditions for all Americans.

Using the numbers, 1 through 10, place the correct one for the amendment description it matches for the Bill of Rights below.

_5__134. Due Process

_10__135. Reserved Powers of the States

_1__136. Guarantee of the five basic freedoms

_9__137. Rights not mentioned in the Constitution

_4__138. No unwarranted searches or seizures

_7__139. Jury in Civil Trials

_2__140. Right to keep and bear arms

_6__141. Rights of the accused

_8__142. No cruel and unusual punishment

_3__143. No quartering of troops in peace time

Match the following Amendments with the description below. You may use some more than once.

A. 5th Amendment C. Both A & B E. Due Process

B. 14th Amendment D. Balancing Test

_A__144. Prohibits unfair arbitrary actions by the Federal Government

_B__145. Incorporation Doctrine

_B__146. Prohibits state and local government to act in many unfair or arbitrary way.

_B__147. Includes the Equal Protection Clause

_D__148. The Federal Government allows for individual freedoms as long as they don’t infringe on the rights of others.

_C/E__149. Guarantees that no citizen will be deprived of life, liberty, or property.

_A__150. Also grants the grants the federal government the power of eminent domain

Match the Landmark English Document below to the correct description below.

A. Magna Carta B. Petition of Rights C. English Bill of Rights

_A__151. Limited the power of the king

_B__152. The king could not imprison subjects without the lawful judgment of their peers or by rule of


_A__153. Protected the right to a trial by jury and due process of law

_C__154. Guaranteed right to a fair trial. Forbade cruel and unusual punishment.

_B__155. The king could not impose military rule in peacetime nor could he force unwilling citizens to

house soldiers.

_C__156. Prohibited keeping an army in peacetime. Required free Parliamentary elections.

Match the statement below with the correct political philosopher. You will use answers more than once.

A. Hobbs B. Locke C. Montesquieu

_B__157. He gave us our basic freedoms, speech, press, religion, assembly, and petition

_C__158. He gave us separation of powers

_A__159. He gave us the Social Contract Theory

_A__160. He gave us the concept of a representative democracy

_B__161. He gave us the concept of natural rights

_B__162. He gave the ideas of life, liberty, health, and property

Choose the correct President below to match the situation described. You will use each one more than once.

A. Andrew Johnson B. Bill Clinton

_B__163. He was charged with two counts of perjury, obstruction of justice, and making false statements regarding his relationship with a White House intern.

_A__164. The House of Representatives voted 126-47 to impeach him.

_B__165. The House of Representatives voted to impeach based on only two of the four charges.

_A__166. He vetoed the Tenure of Office Act, Congress overrode his veto.

_B__167. The Senate failed to convict him – the vote wasn’t even close.

_A__168. He violated the Tenure of Office Act when he fired Secretary of War, Edward Stanton

_A__169. He failed to be convicted by only one vote

_B__170. The vote to bring charges of impeachment was 228-206 on one charge and 221-212 on the other charge

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