Government and Rise of Athens Overhead 1 Monarchy Monarchy
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Who did the king rely on to defend the land
Overhead 2 Oligarchy 800-546 BCE Oligarchy
This led to
Overhead 3 Tyrants 546-500 BCE Tyranny
Why is tyranny different than a monarchy
and Rise of Athens
Overhead 1 Monarchy
: When a king rules over a group of people
Rulers inherit their powers inherit(handed down)
When did monarchies originate in Greece?
When the Minoans
and Mycenaeans gained power
How was power passed on?
To the oldest son
- Council of aristocrats who served under King aristocrats: wealthy
Who did the king rely on to defend the land?
The king relied on the aristocrats(wealthy people)
who provided the soldiers
How did the king lose power?
The aristocrats realized if they stopped helping the king, then the king would have no power. The aristocrats then overthrew the king
Overhead 2 Oligarchy 800-546 BCE
hold power over large group
How did they gain power?
Kings relied on the aristocrats to help defend the land. Once the aristocrats stopped helping the king, they overthrew the king
Under oligarchy rich became richer
and the poor became poorer
End of Dark Ages city-states grew too large-
This led to
? a shortage of food and unrest
Farmers lost land to wealthy/
sold selves to slavery
Oligarchs ignored the needs of whom?
The poor (majority of the people)
This led to the rise of Tyrants
Peisistratus ( py- SIS-truht-uhs) overthrew the oligarchy in 546
Overhead 3 Tyrants 546-500 BCE
Leader who seized power by force
Why were tyrants able to seize power?
The people were tired of the oligarchy and
would support the tyranny
Why were tyrants supported by the people?
They aided the poor, reformed laws, created building
projects and held festivals
Helped develop democracy- taught citizens that if you unite behind a leader then can make changes
Why is tyranny different than a monarchy?
Tyrant does not have legal right to the throne (king has legal right)
Tyrant’s son usually does not inherit the throne (king’s eldest son inherits the throne)
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people were tired