Gonzaga Debate Institute 2010 Scholars Spanos k spanos

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Gonzaga Debate Institute 2010

Scholars Spanos K


***SPANOS*** 1

*1AC* 1

1AC (1/6) 2

1AC (2/6) 3

1AC (3/6) 4

1AC (4/6) 5

1AC (5/6) 6

1AC (6/6) 7

*1NC* 8

1NC (1/3) 9

1NC (2/3) 10

1NC (3/3) 11

*Links* 12

Link – Afghanistan/Iraq 13

Link – Japan 14

Link – Kuwait/Turkey 15

Link – South Korea 16

Link – South Korea 17

Link – Withdrawal 18

Link – Withdrawal 19

Link – Withdrawal 20

Link – Crisis Politics – Middle East 21

Link – Problem Solving 22

Link – Problem Solving 23

Link – Problem Solving - Forgetting Vietnam (1/2) 24

Link – Problem Solving - Forgetting Vietnam (2/2) 25

*Impacts* 26

Impact – Problem/Solution Mindset 27

Impact – Problem/Solution Mindset 28

Impact – Problem/Solution Mindset 29

Impact – Problem/Solution Mindset (1/2) 30

Impact – Problem/Solution Mindset (2/2) 31

Impact – Problem/Solution Mindset 32

Impact – Imperialism/Genocide 33

Impact – Error Replication 34

Impact – Forgetting Vietnam 35

Impact – Capitalism 36

Impact/Root Cause – Extremism 37

*Alternative* 38

Alternative – Rethinking Thinking 39

Alternative Solvency – Rethinking Thinking 40

Alternative – Rethinking (Forgetting Vietnam) 41

*Framework* 42

Framework – Ontology First 43

Framework – Ontology First 44

Framework – Ontology First (1/2) 45

Framework – Ontology First (2/2) 46

*Answers To* 47

A2: Humanism 48

A2: Humanism 49

A2: Humanism/Perm 50

A2: Perm 51

A2: Perm 52

A2: Perm – State of Exception 53

A2: State Good/Dogmatism 54

A2: Identity/Groups 55

A2: Nazism 56

A2: Pragmatism 57

A2: Science Good 58

***A2: SPANOS*** 59

Education Reform 1NC 60

Education Reform Key 61

Education Reform Key 62

Education Reform Key 63

Education Reform Key 64

Education Reform Key 65

Vietnam Focus Bad 66

Vietnam Focus Bad 67

Vietnam Focus Bad 68

Turn – Empathy 69

Turn – Genocide 70

Turn – Genocide 71

Turn – Nazism 72

Perm – Alt is totalizing 73

Perm – Alt is totalizing 74

Perm Solvency 75

Perm Solvency 76

Perm Solvency – Epistemology 77

Perm Solvency – Epistemology 78

Perm Solvency – Ontology 79

Alt Fails 80

Alt Fails 81

Alt Fails 82

A2: Alt – Do Nothing 83

Ontology Focus Bad – Genocide 84

Ontology Focus Bad – Genocide 85

Ontology Focus Bad – Freedom 86

Ontology Focus Bad – Conservative 87

A2: Ontology First 88

A2: Ontology First 89

Science Good 90

Science Good – Ontology 91

Positivism Good 92

Positivism Good 93

Positivism Good 94

A2: Positivism Bad 95

Phenomenology Fails 96

Phenomenology Fails 97

Phenomenology Fails 97

Post-Positivism Bad 99

Humanism Good 100

Humanism Good 101

Humanism Good 102

Anti-Humanism Bad 103

US Good 104

US Good 104

Interventionism Good 106

Cartesian Subject Good 107

A2: Knowledge Flawed 108


1AC (1/6)

The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan mirror the American exceptionalist logic that fueled our invasion of Vietnam – this ontology functions to try and alleviate the wounds of our defeat in Vietnam by waging wars to protect our identity and pacify others – if unchecked this will result in extinction
Spanos 8 (William V, Professor of English at Binghamton University, American Exceptionalism in the Age of Globalization: The Specter of Vietnam, p. ix-x) PJ

In this book I contend that the consequence of America's intervention and conduct of the war in Vietnam was the self-destruction of the ontological, cultural, and political foundations on which America had perennially justified its "benign" self-image and global practice from the time of the Puritan "errand in the wilderness." In the aftermath of the defeat of the American Goliath by a small insurgent army, the "specter- of Vietnam—by which I mean, among other things, the violence, bordering on genocide, America perpetrated against an -Other" that refused to accommodate itself to its mission in the wilderness of Vietnam—came to haunt America as a contradiction that menaced the legitimacy of its perennial self-representation as the exceptionalist and -redeemer nation.- In the aftermath of the Vietnam War, the dominant culture in America (including the government, the media. Hollywood. and even educational institutions) mounted a massive campaign to "forget Vietnam." This relentless recuperative momentum to lay the ghost of that particular war culminated in the metamorphosis of an earlier general will to "heal the wound" inflicted on the American national psyche, into the "Vietnam syndrome"; that is, it transformed a healthy debate over the idea of America into a rational neurosis. This monumentalist initiative was aided by a series of historical events between 1989 and 1991 that deflected the American people's attention away from the divisive memory of the Vietnam War and were represented by the dominant culture as manifestations of the global triumph of "America's: Tiananmen Square, the implosion of the Soviet Union, and the first Gulf War. This “forgetting” of the actual history of the Vietnam War, represented in this book by Graham Greene's The Quiet American, Philip Caputo's A Rumor of War, and Tim O'Brien's Going After Cacciato hand many other novels, memoirs, and films to which I refer parenthetically, contributed to the rise of neoconservatism and the religious right to power in the United States. And it provided the context for the renewal of America's exceptionalist errand in the global wilderness, now understood, as the conservative think tank the Project (or the New American Century put it long before the invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq, as the preserving and perpetuation of the Pax Americana. Whatever vestigial memory of the Vietnam War remained after this turn seemed to be decisively interred with Al Qaeda's attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001. Completely immune to dissent, the confident American government, under President George W. Bush and his neoconservative intellectual deputies—and with the virtually total support of the America media—resumed its errand in the global wilderness that had been interrupted by the specter of Vietnam. Armed with a resurgence of self-righteous indignation and exceptionalist pride, the American government, indifferent to the reservations of the "Old World," unilaterally invaded Afghanistan and, then, after falsifying intelligence reports about Saddam Hussein's nuclear capability, Iraq, with the intention, so reminiscent of its (failed) attempts in Vietnam, of imposing American-style democracy on these alien cultures. The early representation by the media of the immediately successful "shock and awe" acts of arrogant violence in the name of "civilization" was euphoric. They were, it was said, compelling evidence not only of the recuperation of American consensus, but also of the rejuvenation of America's national identity. But as immediate "victory" turned into an occupation of a world unwilling to be occupied, and the American peace into an insurgency that now verges on becoming a civil war, the specter of Vietnam, like the Hydra in the story of Hercules, began to reassert itself: the unidentifiability or invisibility of the enemy, their refusal to be answerable to the American narrative, quagmire, military victories that accomplished nothing, search and destroy missions, body counts, the alienation of allies, moral irresolution, and so on. It is the memory of this "Vietnam"—this specter that refuses to be accommodated to the imperial exceptionalist discourse of post-Vietnam America—that my book is intended to bring back to presence. By retrieving a number of representative works that bore acute witness, even against themselves, to the singularity of a war America waged against a people seeking liberation from colonial rule and by reconstellating them into the post-9111 occasion, such a project can contribute a new dimension not only to that shameful decade of American history, but also, and more important, to our understanding of the deeply backgrounded origins of America's "war on terror" in the aftermath of the Al Qaeda attacks. Indeed, it is my ultimate purpose in this book to provide directives for resisting an American momentum that threatens to destabilize the entire planet, if not to annihilate the human species itself, and also for rethinking the very idea of America.

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