Globalization and Offshoring of Software


Occupations Employment



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Occupations

Employment

1999

2000

2001

2002

May

Nov.

May

Change, May 2003 to May 2004

2003

2003

2004

#

%

Computer and Information Scientists, Research

26,280

25,800

25,620

24,410

23210

23,770

24,720

1,510

6.50%

Computer Programmers

528,600

530,730

501,550

457,320

431640

403,220

412,090

-19,550

-4.50%

Computer Software Engineers, Applications

287,600

374,640

361,690

356,760

392140

410,580

425,890

33,750

8.60%

Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software

209,030

264,610

261,520

255,040

285760

292,520

318,020

32,260

11.30%

Computer Support Specialists

462,840

522,570

493,240

478,560

482990

480,520

488,540

5,550

1.10%

Computer Systems Analysts

428,210

463,300

448,270

467,750

474780

485,720

489,130

14,350

3.00%

Database Administrators

101,460

108,000

104,250

102,090

100890

97,540

96,960

-3,930

-3.90%

Network and Computer Systems Administrators

204,680

234,040

227,840

232,560

237980

244,610

259,320

21,340

9.00%

Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts

98,330

119,220

126,060

133,460

148030

156,270

169,200

21,170

14.30%

Computer and Information Systems Managers

280,820

283,480

267,310

264,790

266020

257,860

267,390

1,370

0.50%

Computer Specialists, All Other



















130,420

130,420




TOTAL (Excluding "Computer Specialists, All Other")

2,627,850

2,926,390

2,817,350

2,772,740

2,843,440

2,852,610

2,951,260

107,820

3.79%































Computer Hardware Engineers

60,420

63,680

67,590

67,180

72,550

70,110

74,760

2,210

3.00%































TOTAL, including Computer Hardware Engineers (Excluding "Computer Specialists, All Other")

2,688,270

2,990,070

2,884,940

2,839,920

2,915,990

2,922,720

3,026,020

110,030

3.77%

Table 2: IT Mean Annual Wages (source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics)






1999

2000

2001

2002

May-03

Nov-03

May-04

CAGR (1999-May 2004)

May 2003 - May 2004

Computer and Information Scientists, Research

$67,180

$73,430

$76,970

$80,510

$84,530

$85,240

$88,020

5.60%

4.10%

Computer Programmers

$54,960

$60,970

$62,890

$63,690

$64,510

$65,170

$65,910

3.70%

2.20%

Computer Software Engineers, Applications

$65,780

$70,300

$72,370

$73,800

$75,750

$76,260

$77,330

3.30%

2.10%

Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software

$66,230

$70,890

$74,490

$75,840

$78,400

$79,790

$82,160

4.40%

4.80%

Computer Support Specialists

$39,410

$39,680

$41,920

$42,320

$42,640

$43,140

$43,620

2.10%

2.30%

Computer Systems Analysts

$57,920

$61,210

$63,710

$64,890

$66,180

$67,040

$68,370

3.40%

3.30%

Database Administrators

$52,550

$55,810

$58,420

$59,080

$61,440

$62,100

$63,460

3.80%

3.30%

Network and Computer Systems Administrators

$50,090

$53,690

$56,440

$57,620

$59,140

$60,100

$61,470

4.20%

3.90%

Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts

$55,710

$57,890

$60,300

$61,390

$62,060

$62,220

$63,410

2.60%

2.20%

Computer and Information Systems Managers

$74,430

$80,250

$83,890

$90,440

$95,230

$95,960

$98,260

5.70%

3.20%

Computer Hardware Engineers

$66,960

$70,100

$74,310

$76,150

$79,350

$82,040

$84,010

4.60%

5.90%






































































































































































































































































































































































































The US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has two sources of occupational employment data that can be used to estimate the number of IT workers in the United States. There is the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES), based on semi-annual surveys of 1.2 million employers. The OES data were used in preparing Table1. The other source of BLS occupational data is the Current Population Survey (CPS), based on surveys of around 50,000 households per month. The two surveys are complementary; each has its strengths and weaknesses. During the period of interest—1999 through 2005—the two programs were in the process of changing their occupational classification systems. The changes made were more likely to shift workers among occupations within the IT sector rather than to move workers in or out of IT occupations; thus the aggregate data are less likely to be affected by the changes in occupational classification schemes than the figures for individual occupations. As an alternative to the OES data, some BLS staff suggested we use also the CPS data beginning in 2000 because the occupational classification data are reasonably consistent over this period. If one uses the CPS data for aggregate time-series analysis of the years 2000 to 2005, the comparative results are the same: there are more IT workers in the US at the end of this period—a period of increasing offshoring—than there was at the height of the dot-com boom in the year 2000. (Here also time-series analysis should not be used for individual job categories.) For more details about the OES and CPS data, see http://www.bls.gov/oes/home.htm and http://www.bls.gov/cps/home.htm. The two data sets support the claim that IT employment in the US has recovered by 2005 from the decline of the early 2000s in spite of increasing offshoring.




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