Ghandi shows us the way or is it mao? Unit 9 – Asia’s path to Independence

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UNIT 9 – Asia’s path to Independence
This unit will follow from the Colonial era through modern day 2 countries: China and India. First, we will examine India’s path from a British Colony to an independent state and the largest democracy in the world. After providing context with a short history of colonial India, we will focus on India’s independence movement. This focus will be highlighted by Mohandas Gandhi, the peaceful leader of India’s independence movement. Gandhi’s actions showed the entire world what could be accomplished through peaceful means and provided a model for peaceful protest for ages to come.

It will also explore China’s roller coaster path from crumbling Monarchy to oppressed Japanese territory to Communist Revolution and their rise to World Power. We will contrast Mao’s leadership with that of Gandhi, and explore where they have taken China and India today.


  1. Identify the effects of India’s colonial legacy and China’s western relations on the modern cultures of each nation, and connect to their actions in moving towards modernity.

  2. Summarize the backgrounds of Gandhi and Mao, how that shaped them as leaders, their roles in their respective independence movements, and the effects they’ve had on their countries.

  3. Analyze the interaction of Colonial and native leadership in the moves towards independence/modernity.

  4. Identify and describe the accomplishments and obstacles of modern, independent India and China.





Mughal Empire

Caste system

East India Co. Pakistan

Sri Lanka




Mohun Roy

Jawaharlal Nehru

Indira Gandhi

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Sepoy Mutiny

Sepoy Rebellion

Rowlatt Act

Amritsar Massacre

Gov. of India Act

Muslim League

Partition of India

Indian Nat’l Congress

Mohandas Gandhi

Mustafa Kemal

Qing Dynasty

Mao Zedong

Isolation policy

Opium War

Boxer Rebellion

Taiping Rebellion

Empress Cixi (?)

Spheres of Influence

Open Door Policy

Chinese Industries (?)Nationalist movement

3 Principles (?)

Yuan Shikai (?)

May 4th movement

Jiang Jieshi

Long March


Great Leap forward

Cultural Revolution

U.S./Soviet involvement

Atomic Bomb


MONDAY 5/1 = Re-view test, intro unit, discuss Modern China

HW = PLAN 335-39

TUESDAY 5/2 = Lecture: History of Imperial China & beginnings of Western Influence

HW = PLAN 401-405
BLOCK DAY = Lecture & Video. China enters the 20th century with Revolution (like nobody else did, right?), WWII Interrupts everything. Mao Zedong

HW = PLAN 482-85
FRIDAY 5/5 = Mao & the Cultural Revolution

HW = Answer the following ?’s:

  1. TTH 336,337,339,340

  2. Section Assessment p.404 #2,4

MONDAY 5/8 = Back to Modern China. Liberalization after Nixon’s visit.

HW = Answer the following ?’s:

  1. Skill builders p. 483

  2. TTH p. 483, 485

  3. Sec. Assess p. 485 #2,3,4

TUESDAY 5/9 = Quiz on China, Lab to research India

HW = Current Events in India
BLOCK DAY = Intro lecture on Mughal Empire, Colonial legacy. Library for Gandhi research (Movie?)

HW = Read pp. 321-25 w/questions:

  1. List & define all key terms applicable from this handout’s list.

  2. Give 1 detailed example of British racism towards Indians.

  3. Give 2 reasons why Indians could not beat back the British.

  4. List 2 ways Great Britain helped and 2 ways they hurt India

FRIDAY 5/12 = Discussion on Colonialism, creating change

HW = Read 405-406 and answer questions:

  1. When, how and why did Indian Nationalism grow prior to WWI

  2. How did WWI actually change Indian Rights? How did Indians feel about these changes?

  3. Summarize the Rowlatt Act and the Amritsar Massacre. Explain how the two are the two related.

TUESDAY 5/16 = Movie “Gandhi”

HW = Read 406-407

  1. What about Gandhi’s beliefs and background made him ideal to lead India to independence?

  2. Summarize Gandhi’s style of resistance in a single phrase other than the bold-faced phrase.

  3. Name one famous American who affected change here through the same methods as Gandhi.

Describe the “Government of India Act”
BLOCK DAY = Movie “Gandhi”

HW = Read 504-506 (+ top sentence on 507) + questions:

  1. Read 504 and answer questions on that page

  2. TTH p. 505, 506,

  3. Why did large scale violence not erupt before 1947?

FRIDAY 5/19 = Movie “Gandhi”

HW = Read 507-509 + questions:

  1. TTH p. 507

  2. List 3 liberal ideas Nehru supported.

  3. Describe 1 major obstacle to stability/growth in India/Pakistan/Bangladesh

  4. Summarize the main cultural division between India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Bhutan (the 4 nations which constituted the former British colony of India)

  5. P. 509 Assessment #3

MONDAY 5/22 = Finish movie, discuss movie, Gandhi as a model

HW = Read 408-9 + questions:

  1. Who is Mustafa Kemal and what did he do?

  2. Which European powers controlled Persia? What country is Persia now?

  3. In what years did Oil production rise in the Middle East? Why then?

  4. Assessment #2, #3

TUESDAY 5/23 = Lecture, activity on Indian independence

HW = Read & Respond to ? on p. 388,

Begin Studying for Friday’s exam 

BLOCK DAY = Finish Indian Independence/Modern India, Review
FRIDAY 5/26 = Exam

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