Chp b Pgs 200-208 Period 3: 1754-1800 Launching a New Ship of State 1789-1800 “John Adams Presidency 1797-1801” 1) Name the 2 candidates in the Election of 1796 and their 2 political parties. - Thomas Je erson - Democratic-Republican Party - Federalist - John Adams- too rigid, too stubborn, tactless for the presidency, better statesman than a politician) What were 2 events the Democrat-Republicans criticized the Federalists over? - Jay’s treaty - France is not happy with this - The BUS) The XYZ Affair What was it What is the result- Adams sent three representatives to France - Approached by three Go Betweeners” called X, Y, and Z - XYZ Demanded $250,000 before they could even meet with the French Foreign Minister - Negotiations breakdown, Americans go home mad) What is another name for the Unofficial War with France When was it? The Quasi-War American navy captured 80 French ships - Several Hundred American ships were lost - Federalists enjoyed this war - did not like France, wanted to show that America existed to the world) What was the result of the end of the Unofficial War with France (Convention of The war ended with France negotiating with the new ruler, Napoleon Bonaparte with the convention of 1800 6) Describe the Alien Act. Describe the Sedition Act. (What When Purpose?) Alien act of 1798 - a foreigner who wished to become an American citizen now had to wait 14 years before citizenship contrary to the 5 years before - Most immigrants were democratic-republicans (This is Adams trying to silence them) The sedition act of 1798 - limited freedom of speech and press - Federalists prosecuted 10 Democratic-Republicans newspaper editors who criticized the gov’t - Newspapers were Pro-Je erson 7) What people were most upset with the Alien + Sedition Act How did TJ + Madison respond to the laws? The Democratic-Republicans - Passed Virginia (James Madison) and Kentucky (Thomas Je erson) Resolutions - Both Madison and Je erson stressed the compact theory where the national government was the agent or creation of the states - Believed for the remedy to be a nulliﬁcation - refusal to accept them) Describe the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions. (When Who Purpose?) The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions (1798-99) were the Democratic-Republican response to the Alien and Sedition acts written by Madison and Je erson to try and take the acts down.