George Mason Law Review Civil Rights Law Journal


Credits (2013, P.A. 13-234, § 132; 2014, P.A. 14-231, § 68, eff. June 13, 2014.) ZONING REGULATIONS



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(2013, P.A. 13-234, § 132; 2014, P.A. 14-231, § 68, eff. June 13, 2014.)



ZONING REGULATIONS
TOWN OF FARMINGTON, CONNECTICUT
ARTICLE I. PURPOSE AND INTENT
Section l. PURPOSE
These regulations are adopted under the General Statutes of the State of Connecticut, as amended, for the following purposes:
To promote and to protect the public health, safety and welfare of the inhabitants of Farmington, Connecticut, and of the public generally;
To facilitate adequate transportation, water, sewerage, schools, parks and other public benefits;
To encourage the most appropriate use of land throughout the Town, thereby conserving the value of properties;
To regulate the height, number of stories and size of buildings and other structures; the percentage of the area of the lot that may be occupied; the size of yards, courts and other open spaces; and the height, size and location of advertising signs;
To regulate the density of population and the location and use of buildings, structures, and land for trade, industry, residence or other purposes;
To divide the municipality into zones of such number, shape and area as may be best suited to carry out the purposes of these regulations;
To regulate the erection, construction, reconstruction, alteration or use of buildings or structures and the use of land in such zones;
To permit certain classes or kinds of buildings, structures or uses of land within the Town only after obtaining a special permit or special exception;
To lessen congestion in the streets;
To secure safety from fire, panic, flood and other dangers;
To provide adequate light and air;
To prevent the overcrowding of land;
To further the policies of the Plan of Development;
To guide development in a manner which recognizes the importance of the natural environment;
To guide development which minimizes impacts to wetlands, watercourses, flood prone areas, hillsides, ridgelines, surface water and groundwater resources and other sensitive and significant features of the natural landscape; and
To encourage the preservation of historic structures.

Section 2. BASIC REQUIREMENTS


No land, building, structure or portion thereof shall hereafter be used, and no building, structure or portion thereof shall be constructed, reconstructed, located, extended, enlarged or substantially altered, except in conformity with these regulations.
These regulations are intended to state the uses of land and/or buildings and structures, which are permitted within the Town. Uses not stated are not permitted.
Section 2a. PROHIBITED USES
1. No land or building, or any portion thereof, shall be used in the Town of Farmington, as a principal or accessory use, for any prohibited use. Prohibited uses shall include any use not specified as a permitted use, special permit use or accessory use and those uses specified in subsection (2) below as well as any use which can be reasonably considered to cause, despite existing environmental safeguards, hazardous or noxious conditions.
2. Prohibited uses specifically include, but are not limited to:

1) The incineration of solid waste;

2) Private correctional facilities;

3) Alternative incarceration centers;

4) Methadone clinics;

5) Halfway houses;

6) The sale of drug paraphernalia as defined by C.G.S. § 21a-240(A)(20);

7) Rooming houses;

8) Tattoo and/or body piercing studios;

9) Conducting business as a pawn broker or secondhand dealer as defined by C.G.S. § 21-39a;

10) Check cashing establishments;

11) On site gambling (any form of gambling legally existing as of January 1, 2015 other than lottery) including manually or automatically operated gambling devices, video or otherwise, including, but not limited to slot machines;

12) Any type of vending machine which dispenses products which cannot be legally dispensed to persons under the age of 18;

13) Junk dealers and motor vehicle junk yards;

14) Hookah lounge;

15) Billiard parlor.




Spaceman v. Cleveland Indep. Cmty. Sch. Dist.

Supreme Court of the United States

November 12, 1968, Argued ; February 24, 1969, Decided

No. 21





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